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Introduction to Learning Styles. Gifted Methods & Materials Dr(s). Jennifer Scrivner & Georgann Toop. Overview of Perception Sensing vs. Intuition. Sensing Employs the 5 senses to gather information Characterize and clarify information Like to live and work in the here and now

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Introduction to Learning Styles

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Introduction to learning styles l.jpg

Introduction to Learning Styles

Gifted Methods & Materials

Dr(s). Jennifer Scrivner & Georgann Toop


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Overview of PerceptionSensing vs. Intuition

  • Sensing

    • Employs the 5 senses to gather information

    • Characterize and clarify information

    • Like to live and work in the here and now

    • Motivated by practicality and usefulness

  • Intuition

    • More abstract, big concepts

    • Helps the mind understand, thinks in generalizations

    • Insight to patterns & meaning behind the details

    • Motivated by flexibility and freedom

      (Hanson, Silver & Strong, 2000)


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    Overview of JudgmentThinking vs. Feeling

    • Thinking

      • Objectivity is the hallmark of the thinking function

      • Logic, reason, and evidence

      • analysis allowing connective logic

  • Feeling

    • Subjective rather than objective

    • Feelers look for human connections that make life rich and meaningful

    • Development of personal values and emotional relationships

      (Hanson, Silver & Strong, 2000)


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    Who remembers Star Trek?

    • Spock – thinking

    • Captain Kirk – intuition

    • Scotty – sensing

    • Bones - feeling


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    Seinfeld Generation

    • Jerry – obsession with analyzing everything –thinking

    • Kramer’s – off the wall plans and ideas – intuition

    • George’s – procedural rigidity – sensing

    • Elaine’s – burning need to be loved and appreciated -- feeling


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    From Function to Style

    Using the Silver and Hanson (1998) design as our basis, we will explore the four basic quadrants that form the process oriented learning-style model.


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    Realistic, practical, and matter of fact

    sensing Thinkers are efficient and results oriented, preferring action to words, and involvement to theory. They have high energy levels for doing things that are pragmatic, logical, and useful.

    Sensing-Thinking Learners(Mastery Learners) ST


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    ST Approach to Learning

    • Like to complete work in an organized and efficient manner

    • Prefer hands-on and technical learning

    • Focus more on things than ideas and people

    • Need to be kept busy, require immediate feedback

    • Need to be active, to be doing, to see tangible results from their efforts

    • What? How?

    • Prefer stop by stop directions

    • Prefer assignments that have a right or wrong response rather than open ended ones or interpretive ones

    • Highly motivated by competition, learning games, gold stars, grades


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    Intuitive-Thinking LearnersUnderstanding Learners (NT)

    Theoretical, intellectual, and knowledge oriented

    Intuitive thinkers prefer to be challenged intellectually and to think things through for themselves. They are curious about ideas, have a tolerance for theory, a taste for complex problems, and a concern for long range consequences


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    NT Approach to Learning

    • Logical, organized, systematic fashion, bringing organization and structure to people and things

    • Like to plan and organize ideas and determine resources prior to beganning work on an assignment

    • Like to work independently or with other NTs and require little feedback until the work job is completed

    • They do not like to be pressed for time – when working on something of interest time is meaningless

    • Very patience and persistent in completing difficult tasks

    • Attack problems by breaking them down

    • Like to reason things out and to look for logical relationships

    • Cause-effect thought processing

    • Ask why? And their questions can be provocative

    • Concerned about relevance and meaning

    • Avid readers

    • Learning is vicarious; therefore abstract symbols, formulae, technical illustrations are preferred sources for collecting data


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    Intuitive Feeling Learners(Self Expressive Learners (NF)

    Curious, insightful, and imaginative

    Intuitive Feelers are the ones who dare to dream, are committed to their values, are open to alternatives, and are constantly searching for new and unusual ways to express themselves.


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    NF Approach to Learning

    • Eager to explore ideas

    • Turned off by routine or rote assignments

    • Prefer opened questions…what would happen if?

    • Highly motivated by their own interest

    • Things of interest will be done inventively and well. Things they do not like may be done

    • Feelers operate by an internal clock and therefore often feel constrained by rules

    • Independent and non-conforming – they do not fear being different

    • Sensitive to beauty and aesthetic characteristics

    • Prefer not to follow step by step procedures

    • Able to take intuitive leaps. trust their own insights

    • Flexible and highly adaptable

    • Prefer dynamic environments with many resources and materials

    • Work is sometimes scattered and may look chaotic to STs and NTs

    • Love to multi-task and start more projects than they can finish

    • Look for unique and creative ways to express themselves


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    Sensing Feeling Learners(Interpersonal Learners SF)

    • Sociable, friendly, and interpersonally oriented

      Sensing Feeling learners are sensitive to people’s feelings – their own and others. They prefer to learn about things that directly affect people’s lives, rather than impersonal facts and theories.


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    SF Approach to Learning

    • Take a personal approach to learning

    • Spontaneous and emotionally attached to the learning

    • Interested in people and like to listen and talk about people/feelings

    • Enjoy personal attention

    • Need to feel relaxed, comfortable and enjoy themselves while they learn

    • Like think out loud, to work with others and need to be recognized

    • Prefer cooperation to competition and need reassurance or praise

    • Complete task as a means of pleasing someone rather than because they are interested in the task

    • Of what value is this to me? Look for connections between learning and personal experience

    • Little distinction between school and life; and when school becomes far removed from human content and real life issues they may become bored or disengaged


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