Arrangement of the deuteronomic code
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Arrangement of the Deuteronomic Code. 12:1-16:17 laws about worship 12 laws about centralization of sacrifice 16:18-18:22 laws about authorities and institutions 16:18-20 judges and officials 17:14-20 the king 18:9-22 prophets. Deuteronomic Code (continued).

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Arrangement of the Deuteronomic Code

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Arrangement of the deuteronomic code

Arrangement of the Deuteronomic Code

  • 12:1-16:17 laws about worship

    • 12 laws about centralization of sacrifice

  • 16:18-18:22 laws about authorities and institutions

    • 16:18-20 judges and officials

    • 17:14-20 the king

    • 18:9-22 prophets


Deuteronomic code continued

Deuteronomic Code (continued)

  • 19-25 other private and public laws

    • 20 Holy War

    • 22:13-23:1 Sexual offenses

    • 24:1-4 divorce

    • 25:5-10 Levirate marriage


The ten commandments and deut 12 26

The Ten Commandments and Deut 12-26

  • #1-3 Deut 12:2-16:7

  • #4 Deut 16:18-18:22 authorities and institutions

  • #5 Deut 19:1-21:23

  • #6 Deut 22:13-23:15

  • #7 23:16-24:7

  • #8 Deut 24:8-25:4

  • #9 Deut 25:5-12

  • #10 Deut 25:13-16


Reasons for centralization

Reasons for Centralization

  • Other sites were idolatrous or syncretistic

  • Old central sanctuary now became sole sanctuary

  • Reforms of Hezekiah and Josiah were in part political: rejection of Assyria led to rejection of their religious inroads

  • Deduction from Yahweh’s oneness


Effects of centralization

Effects of Centralization

  • Survival of Israel--a rallying point

  • A criterion for evaluating history--DTR

  • Secularized much of life--pre condition for synagogue

  • Ambivalent attitude toward Jerusalem Temple--cf. Jeremiah’s temple sermon


Emancipation of debt slaves

Exod 21:2-11

Only men freed

If male slave given wife by master, he goes out alone

If slave desires to stay, ear pierced in presence of God.

Deut 15:12-18

Men and women freed

Given gifts upon release

If slave desires to stay, awl through ear into the door

Emancipation of Debt Slaves


Function of prophet in deuteronomy

Function of Prophet in Deuteronomy.

  • Reports God’s word; mediator between God and people

  • Intercessor 9:18-25

  • Suffers as representative of the people 4:21-22


False prophets 13 1 5 18 9 22

False Prophets (13:1-5; 18:9-22)

  • False if their words do not come true (cf. Second Isaiah and Ezekiel’s word against Tyre)

  • False if they ask you to go after “other gods”

  • False if they have not stood in God’s council (Jer 23:9-32) or if they are not sent by God

  • False if they prophesy “peace”


Future prophet s

Future Prophet(s)

  • The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own people; you shall heed such a prophet. Deut 18:15

  • Prophetic movement fulfills this verse

  • 34:10 Never since has there arisen a prophet in Israel like Moses

  • Mal 4:5-6 “Elijah” to come before day of the Lord


Eschatological prophet

Eschatological Prophet

  • 1 Macc 4:41-50 altar stones; 14:41 Simon the High Priest

  • Qumran Prophet precedes messiahs of Aaron and Israel

  • John 6:14 Jesus feeds 5,000; cf. John 1:21: Are you the prophet?

  • Acts 3:24 God raised up his servant

  • Acts 4:34 fulfillment of Deuteronomy 15

  • Acts 7:37 Stephan quotes Deut 18:15


The king

The King

  • Deut 17:14-20 King subject to Law--he shall read in it all the days of his life

  • no horses, chariotry

  • should not multiply wives

  • 2 Sam 7 and 23

  • Pss 2 and 110

  • 1 Samuel 8


Name theology

Name Theology

  • Yahweh causes his name to dwell in sanctuary (e.g. Deut 12:5, 11, 21)

  • Ark a box to hold ten commandments

    • sign of God’s presence in war (older sources)

    • mercy seat (in P)

  • Compare

    • P tabernacle; dwell (not live)

    • 1 Sam 4 Yahweh enthroned on cherubim

    • What is this house you would build for me? Isa 66:1


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