Arrangement of the deuteronomic code
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Arrangement of the Deuteronomic Code PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Arrangement of the Deuteronomic Code. 12:1-16:17 laws about worship 12 laws about centralization of sacrifice 16:18-18:22 laws about authorities and institutions 16:18-20 judges and officials 17:14-20 the king 18:9-22 prophets. Deuteronomic Code (continued).

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Arrangement of the Deuteronomic Code

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Arrangement of the Deuteronomic Code

  • 12:1-16:17 laws about worship

    • 12 laws about centralization of sacrifice

  • 16:18-18:22 laws about authorities and institutions

    • 16:18-20 judges and officials

    • 17:14-20 the king

    • 18:9-22 prophets


Deuteronomic Code (continued)

  • 19-25 other private and public laws

    • 20 Holy War

    • 22:13-23:1 Sexual offenses

    • 24:1-4 divorce

    • 25:5-10 Levirate marriage


The Ten Commandments and Deut 12-26

  • #1-3 Deut 12:2-16:7

  • #4 Deut 16:18-18:22 authorities and institutions

  • #5 Deut 19:1-21:23

  • #6 Deut 22:13-23:15

  • #7 23:16-24:7

  • #8 Deut 24:8-25:4

  • #9 Deut 25:5-12

  • #10 Deut 25:13-16


Reasons for Centralization

  • Other sites were idolatrous or syncretistic

  • Old central sanctuary now became sole sanctuary

  • Reforms of Hezekiah and Josiah were in part political: rejection of Assyria led to rejection of their religious inroads

  • Deduction from Yahweh’s oneness


Effects of Centralization

  • Survival of Israel--a rallying point

  • A criterion for evaluating history--DTR

  • Secularized much of life--pre condition for synagogue

  • Ambivalent attitude toward Jerusalem Temple--cf. Jeremiah’s temple sermon


Exod 21:2-11

Only men freed

If male slave given wife by master, he goes out alone

If slave desires to stay, ear pierced in presence of God.

Deut 15:12-18

Men and women freed

Given gifts upon release

If slave desires to stay, awl through ear into the door

Emancipation of Debt Slaves


Function of Prophet in Deuteronomy.

  • Reports God’s word; mediator between God and people

  • Intercessor 9:18-25

  • Suffers as representative of the people 4:21-22


False Prophets (13:1-5; 18:9-22)

  • False if their words do not come true (cf. Second Isaiah and Ezekiel’s word against Tyre)

  • False if they ask you to go after “other gods”

  • False if they have not stood in God’s council (Jer 23:9-32) or if they are not sent by God

  • False if they prophesy “peace”


Future Prophet(s)

  • The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own people; you shall heed such a prophet. Deut 18:15

  • Prophetic movement fulfills this verse

  • 34:10 Never since has there arisen a prophet in Israel like Moses

  • Mal 4:5-6 “Elijah” to come before day of the Lord


Eschatological Prophet

  • 1 Macc 4:41-50 altar stones; 14:41 Simon the High Priest

  • Qumran Prophet precedes messiahs of Aaron and Israel

  • John 6:14 Jesus feeds 5,000; cf. John 1:21: Are you the prophet?

  • Acts 3:24 God raised up his servant

  • Acts 4:34 fulfillment of Deuteronomy 15

  • Acts 7:37 Stephan quotes Deut 18:15


The King

  • Deut 17:14-20 King subject to Law--he shall read in it all the days of his life

  • no horses, chariotry

  • should not multiply wives

  • 2 Sam 7 and 23

  • Pss 2 and 110

  • 1 Samuel 8


Name Theology

  • Yahweh causes his name to dwell in sanctuary (e.g. Deut 12:5, 11, 21)

  • Ark a box to hold ten commandments

    • sign of God’s presence in war (older sources)

    • mercy seat (in P)

  • Compare

    • P tabernacle; dwell (not live)

    • 1 Sam 4 Yahweh enthroned on cherubim

    • What is this house you would build for me? Isa 66:1


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