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Campus Climate, Effective Practices, and Student Outcomes in Diverse Learning Environments. Sylvia Hurtado Marcela Cuellar Cynthia Alvarez. AAC&U Meeting October 22, 2010 Houston, TX. Overview. Purposes, goals, & Key Features of Project Developing the DLE Conceptual Framework

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campus climate effective practices and student outcomes in diverse learning environments

Campus Climate, Effective Practices, and Student Outcomes in Diverse Learning Environments

Sylvia Hurtado

Marcela Cuellar

Cynthia Alvarez

AAC&U Meeting

October 22, 2010

Houston, TX

overview
Overview

Purposes, goals, & Key Features of Project

Developing the DLE Conceptual Framework

A New Assessment: Diverse Learning Environments Survey

DLE Survey Pilot Findings

purpose goals
Purpose & Goals
  • Purpose:
    • Assist educators in advancing the success of diverse students
  • Goals:
    • Develop a greater awareness about diversity, student learning, and student success
    • Assess undergraduate skills for work and citizenship in a pluralistic democracy
    • Increase retention rates and improve the assessment of retention
    • Create the conditions for realizing the benefits of diversity in the learning process
key features of the project
Key Features of the Project
  • Research:
    • Diverse Learning Environments Survey
    • Campus Case Studies of 7 Institutions
    • National Retention Study (Clearinghouse)
  • Practice:
    • Institute for the Critical Analysis of Quantitative Data
    • Diversity Research Institute
student success outcomes
Student Success Outcomes

Habits of Mind/Skills for Lifelong Learning

Competencies for a Multicultural World

Achievement and Retention

foundational frameworks
Foundational Frameworks
  • Institutional Adaptation to Student Diversity
      • Richardson & Skinner (1990)
  • Campus Climate for Diversity
      • Hurtado, Milem, Clayton-Pedersen & Allen (1998, 1999)
      • Milem, Chang & Antonio (2005)
  • Student/Institution Engagement Model
      • Nora, Barlow & Crisp (2005)
  • Dynamics of Multicultural Teaching & Learning
      • Marchesani & Adams (1992) adaptation of Jackson (1988)
unveiling the dle survey
Unveiling the DLE Survey

Nationally available CIRP survey

Integrated assessment of climate, diversity practice, and outcomes

Inclusive of diverse social identities

Modules targeting specific topics

Longitudinal when linked with other student data (e.g. registrar data)

dle survey compnents
DLE Survey Compnents
  • Core Survey
  • Modules
    • Classroom Climate
    • Transition into the Major
    • Intergroup Relations
    • Community College Students’ Transfer Pathway
    • Transition Experiences for Transfer Students at 4-year Institutions
pilot sample info
Pilot Sample Info

DLE Pilot data from 14 institutions

Academic Year 2009 -10

N = 5,010

68.3% Female

58.4% Students of Color

33.6% Age 25+

39.7% Currently at 2-yr

factor analysis
Factor Analysis
  • Instrument Coded for Conceptual Themes in Literature
  • Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) in SPSS
    • Principal Axis Factoring
    • Varimax Rotation
    • Items removed if loading below .35
  • Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) in EQS
    • With Uncorrelated Errors (Factor Loadings 1st Column)
    • With Correlated Errors (Factor Loadings 2nd Column)
  • Factors Rescaled to 0 – 100 with a mean of 50
climate
Climate

Harassment

Discrimination & Bias

Positive Cross-Racial Interactions

Negative Cross-Racial Interactions

Satisfaction with Diverse Perspectives on Campus

Institutional Commitment to Diversity

Student Financial Difficulty

Academic Validation in the Classroom

General Interpersonal Validation

Sense of Belonging

discrimination and bias 0 889
Discrimination and Bias (α = 0.889)

Please indicate how often at this institution you have:

Please indicate how often you have experienced the following forms of bias/harassment/discrimination while at this institution:

academic validation in the classroom 863
Academic Validation in the Classroom (α = .863)

Please indicate how often you have experienced the following inclass at this institution:

practices
Practices

Curriculum of Inclusion

Co-Curricular Diversity Activities (Campus-Facilitated)

curriculum of inclusion 0 854
Curriculum of Inclusion (α = 0.854)

How many courses have you taken at this institution that included the following?

co curricular diversity activities campus facilitated 0 903
Co-curricular Diversity Activities (Campus Facilitated)(α = 0.903)

Since entering this institution have you:

Since entering this institution, how often have you done the following?

outcomes
Outcomes

Integration of Learning

Pluralistic Orientation

Social Action Engagement

Civic Action

pluralistic orientation 0 787
Pluralistic Orientation (α = 0.787)

Rate yourself on each of the following traits as compared with the average person your age. We want the most accurate estimate of how you see yourself.

analysis
Analysis
  • Frequencies of Select Items & Factors
  • Cross-tabulations of Factors by Racial/Ethnic Groups
  • Multiple Regression on Select Factors
  • Enrollment Mobility Frequencies & Cross-tabulations
frequencies
Frequencies

Student Satisfaction with Climate

General Interpersonal Validation

Reporting Discrimination

Harassment Based on Different Social Identities

reporting discrimination
Reporting Discrimination

Please indicate how often at this institution you have:

Reported an incident of discrimination to a campus authority

cross tabulations by racial ethnic groups
Cross-Tabulations by Racial/Ethnic Groups

Discrimination & Bias

Positive Cross Racial Interactions

Negative Cross Racial Interactions

multiple regressions
Multiple Regressions

General Interpersonal Validation

Academic Validation in the Classroom

Pluralistic Orientation

predictors of general interpersonal validation
Predictors of General Interpersonal Validation

Informal

  • Visiting Office Hours
  • Discrimination and Bias (-)
  • High level of peer encouragement

Campus – Facilitated

  • Faculty
  • Staff
  • Academic Counselors (-)
  • Curriculum of Inclusion
  • Institutional Commitment to Diversity
  • Co-curricular Diversity Activities
predictors of academic validation in the classroom
Predictors ofAcademic Validation in the Classroom

Informal

  • Visiting Office Hours
  • Discrimination and Bias (-)
  • High level of peer encouragement

Campus – Facilitated

  • Faculty
  • Curriculum of Inclusion
  • Institutional Commitment to Diversity
predictors of pluralistic orientation
Predictors ofPluralistic Orientation

Informal

  • Positive Cross Racial Interactions
  • Interest in helping to promote racial understanding

Campus – Facilitated

  • Institutional Commitment to Diversity
  • Conversations Across Differences
cirp dle launch
CIRP DLE Launch
  • Registration
    • Opened Oct. 20, 2010
    • Standard CIRP Fees: $775 admin, $3/ returned survey
    • PDF preview of core and modules online
    • www.cirpsurveys.org
  • Administration
    • February 12 – June 30, 2011
    • Online only
  • Contact
    • www.heri.ucla.edu
    • HERI: 310-825-1925
conclusion
Conclusion

Suggestions?

Comments?

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