1 st Constitution . Articles of Confederation. Approved November 15, 1777 Est. “a firm league of friendship” between the states Needed the ratification of the 13 states March 1, 1781 Second Continental Congress declared the Articles effective. Powers of Congress: Make war and peace
Powers of Congress:
Make war and peace
Send and receive ambassadors
Set up a money system
Est. post offices
Build a navy
Raise an army by asking the states for troops
Fix uniform standards of weights and measures
Settle disputes amoung the states
Pledge to obey the Articles and Acts of the Congress
Provide the funds and troops requested by the congress
Treat citizens of other states fairly and equally
Give full faith and credit to public acts, records, and judicial proceedings
Submit disputes to congress for settlement
Allow open travel and trade b/w and among states
Primarily responsible for protecting life and property
Accountable for promoting the general welfare of the people
Compromises addressed before the constitution would be approved; Responses to the new constitution
Articles of Confederation were weak
argued for the ratification of the Constitution.
objected to the Constitution for including the strong central government
the lack of a bill of rights.
Patrick Henry, John Hancock, Samuel Adams
How a bill becomes a LAW
Don’t forget you have a graphic organizer with this information on it !
Step 6: Full House/Senate: bill is debated; amendments are offered and a vote is taken, (if the bill is different than the original….it goes to conference committee)
Step 1: Someone has an idea for a bill
Step 2: Bill is introduced into the House or Senate by a member and assigned to a committee, who refers to the subcommittees
Step 7: Conference committee: composed of members of both houses and they meet to iron out the differences between the bills, the compromised bill is returned to both houses for a second vote.
Step 3: Subcommittees performs studies, holds hearings, and makes revisions. If approved the bill goes to FULL committee.
Step 8: Full House/Senate: votes on the compromised bill; if bill passes it is sent to the President
Step 4: Committee: FULL committee may amend or rewrite the bill, decides whether to send it to the floor or “kill” the bill
Step 9: President: sign or veto’s the bill; congress may override the veto by a 2/3 vote in both the House and Senate
Step 10: If veto stands = Bill is KILLED; if President Signs = BILL BECOMES A LAW
Step 5: Rules committee (house only): issues rules on debate (senate: leadership decides)