Math managerial finance ii afm372
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Math Managerial Finance II—AFM372. AKA: Corporate Finance Instructor: Alan Huang Office Hours: HH386E, TR 3:00-4:30 or by appointment Email: [email protected] Normally emails are answered within 48 hours (72 hours if received in weekends)

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Math Managerial Finance II—AFM372

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Math managerial finance ii afm372

Math Managerial Finance II—AFM372

  • AKA: Corporate Finance

  • Instructor: Alan Huang

  • Office Hours: HH386E, TR 3:00-4:30 or by appointment

  • Email: [email protected]

    • Normally emails are answered within 48 hours (72 hours if received in weekends)

    • Emails received shortly before midterm and final will only be answered in additional office hours

    • Use your TAs, course discussion forum, and office hours wisely. Physical presence has priority over phone/emails/electronic posts.


Math managerial finance ii afm372

  • Required Text:

    • Corporate Finance (4th Canadian edition, 2008) by Ross, Westerfield, Jaffe and Roberts

    • Course Notes

  • Problem Sets


Course web page

Course Web page

http://www.arts.uwaterloo.ca/~aghuang/AFM372 (Also accessible through UWACE)

  • Syllabus

  • Announcements

  • Lecture notes

  • Chapter solutions

  • Problem sets

  • Quizzes & Exams

  • Case

  • Discussion Forum: UWACE, discussion forum tab


  • Course evaluation

    Course Evaluation


    Important dates

    Important Dates

    • September 30: Quiz 1

    • October 24: Midterm Exam

    • November 13: Quiz 2

    • November 20: Case Due


    Math managerial finance ii afm372

    What is Corporate Finance

    The Classical Objective Function

    STOCKHOLDERS

    Hire & fire managers

    -Board

    -Annual Meeting

    Maximize stockholder wealth

    No social costs

    Lend $

    BONDHOLDERS

    MANAGERS:

    -Operation decisions

    SOCIETY

    Protect bondholder interests

    Costs can be traced to firm

    Reveal information honestly and on time

    Markets are efficient & assess effect on value

    FINANCIAL MARKETS


    Math managerial finance ii afm372

    What can go wrong?

    STOCKHOLDERS

    Have little control over managers

    Managers put their interests above stockholders

    Significant social costs

    Lend $

    BONDHOLDERS

    MANAGERS:

    -Poor Operation decisions

    SOCIETY

    Bondholders can get ripped off

    Some costs can not be traced to firm

    Delay bad news or provide misleading information

    Markets make mistakes and can over- or under-react

    FINANCIAL MARKETS


    Math managerial finance ii afm372

    Advanced topics: Counter actions

    STOCKHOLDERS

    • More activist investors

    • Hostile takeovers

    Managers of poorly run firms are put on notice

    Corporate good citizen constraints

    Protect themselves

    BONDHOLDERS

    MANAGERS

    SOCIETY

    • Covenants

    • New type

    • More laws

    • Investor/Customer backlash

    Firms are punished for misleading information

    Investors and analysts become more skeptical

    FINANCIAL MARKETS


    Important concepts from afm272

    Important concepts from AFM272

    • Time value of money

      • Perpetuities, annuities

    • Risk adjustments

      • CAPM:

        E(Rj) = Rf + βj [E(Rm) – Rf]

    • Capital budgeting

      • NPV rule


    Basic principles

    Basic Principles

    Objective: Maximize the Value of the Firm

    • Invest in projects that yield a return greater than the minimum acceptable hurdle rate (i.e. that have positive NPV)

      • The hurdle rate should reflect the (systematic) risk of the project and the financing mix used

    • Choose a financing mix that minimizes the hurdle rate

    • If there are not enough investments that earn the hurdle rate, return the cash to the owners of the firm

      • The form of returns - dividends and stock buybacks - will depend upon the stockholders’ characteristics


    Another important principle no arbitrage

    Another important principle: No-arbitrage

    • a.k.a. the “law of one price”

    • arbitrage involves the simultaneous purchase and sale of assets in such a way as to generate risk free profit at zero cost (a free lunch)

    • in well-functioning capital markets, arbitrage opportunities will be extremely rare and will not last for long

    • another way of thinking about this idea is that any two assets with identical future cash flows must sell for the same price today (or else there would be an arbitrage opportunity)

    • though simple, this is a surprisingly powerful idea that is widely used in financial theory and practice


    What will be covered in afm372

    What will be covered in AFM372

    • Interactions with stock and bond markets: How to raise money?

      • Chapters 14, 15, 20, 21

    • Deciding the right financing mix

      • Chapters 16—18

    • Dividend policy

      • Chapter 19

    • Financial Derivatives & Risk management

      • Chapters 23—26

    • Special topics

      • Leasing (ch. 20), M&A (ch. 31)


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