WW Dos. 1939-1945 European and Pacific Theaters . The Belligerents. Axis Powers Japan, Italy, Nazi Germany, and the Soviet Union Why will the S.U. leave this treaty? Treaties/Pacts Pact of Steel Italy and Nazi Germany Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis Non-Aggression Pact
European and Pacific Theaters
Concept of Blitzkrieg is born
What does Blitzkrieg involve?
Combine tanks, planes, trucks, and infantry in concentrated attacks
How is this a different form of warfare than WWI?
The town is crowded with Germans. They are quartered in all the larger houses. Most of them are from Austria and some from Vienna. In general the Germans are trying to clean up the city. For this work they are using only Jews. Jews must sweep the streets, clean all the public latrines, and fill all the street trenches. Plastered everywhere are German notices giving an idea of what we can expect in the future.We must return all arms. We must record all contagious diseases. The police curfew is from 10 P.M. until 5:30 A.M. The restrictions applying to Jewish shops change from day to day. Sometimes the Jews are allowed to open their shops, and sometimes they are not. It seems that most of the orders are aimed at the Jews.
I met a woman, an official of the Zamoyski estate. She had just arrived from Chelmo. For some time I've been receiving alarming information about the execution of the mentally ill patients of the psychiatric ward at Chelmo Hospital. I asked her if this happened. She verified that it was true.All the mentally ill were shot with machine guns, but under penalty of death the hospital personnel are forbidden to talk about this crime.It is so hard to believe anything as terrible as this.
What are the Nazis doing in occupied territories?
Where to next?
World War II has become a total war with the bombing of London
Why would Hitler bomb London?
Hitler’s invasion of the Soviet Union
Need for Lebensraum
Why would his invasion ultimately fail?
What are his three targets or objectives?
The Germans had the city Leningrad captive and starved the people and bombed the warehouses. The people of Leningrad ate the cow and horse food, and cats, dogs, and even crows and rats. A million people or more died in Leningrad
Soviet citizens trying to survive by melting ice into potable water
The first deaths from starvation were recorded
only a few weeks after the ring of the siege closed,
and by midwinter it was common to see corpses
lying in the streets. A dance teacher at the
Mariinsky ballet school noted a dead man who
leant for months against a lamppost opposite the
Philharmonia: 'With his back to the post a man
sits in the snow, wrapped in rags, wearing a
knapsack ... For two weeks I passed him every
day as I went back and forth to the hospital. He
sat 1. Without his knapsack 2. Without his rags 3.
In his underwear 4. Naked 5. A skeleton with
ripped out entrails.'
Why would Hitler order Army Group South to attack Stalingrad?
Over 1.1 million Soviet casualties
Over 800,000 German causalities
Hitler’s war machine permanently crippled
Bombers flying a sortie and street fighting
Nazi persecution and elimination of Jews in the Eastern Front
Gas extermination van
“The Last Jew in Vinnitsa”
SS Mobile Killing Squads
Undressing prior to execution
Wannsee Conference January 1942
Western Front - 1944
Offensive to reestablish an offensive in Europe
Stalin needed it – why?
Largest amphibious invasion in history
Why was it so risky?
I SPY – What do you see?
“The Big Three”
Points of Discussion
Battle of Midway
Iwo JimaSmashed by Japanese mortar and shellfire and trapped by Iwo Jima's soft black sands, amtracs and other vehicles lay wrecked on the beach. Feb 1945.
The last stop before the Japanese home islands
Tokyo, Japan – 100,000
”Most of those who remained below ground were to die painlessly, their bodies first brilliantly tinted bright orange and blue, and then, as the heat grew intense, either totally incinerated or melted into a thick liquid sometimes three or four feet deep.”“Seventy percent of the Dresden dead either suffocated or died from poison gases that turned their bodies green and red. The intense heat melted some bodies into the pavement like bubblegum, or shrunk them into three-foot long charred carcasses. Clean-up crews wore rubber boots to wade through the ‘human soup’ found in nearby caves. In other cases, the superheated air propelled victims skyward only to come down in tiny pieces as far as fifteen miles outside Dresden.”
Reasons for….Reasons against…