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Markus Amann International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA). GDP. After 1990 Asian emissions have grown rapidly due to fast economic development. SO 2. NO x. Per-capita NO x emissions 1940-2030. Per-capita NO x emissions 1940-2030.

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markus amann international institute for applied systems analysis iiasa
Markus Amann

International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)

air pollution causes severe health impacts india 2000 source gains india
Air pollution causes severe health impactsIndia, 2000 (Source: GAINS-India)

Loss in statistical life expectancy

from exposure to outdoor PM2.5

DALYs from air pollution

health impacts from pm2 5 in 2030 for governmental energy projection current aq legislation
Health impacts from PM2.5 in 2030for governmental energy projection + current AQ legislation

Loss in statistical life expectancy

from exposure to outdoor PM2.5

DALYs from air pollution

combined aq and cc measures 1 phase out of solid fuels in domestic sector
Combined AQ and CC measures:1) Phase-out of solid fuels in domestic sector

DALYs from air pollution CO2 emissions

combined aq and cc measures 2 end of pipe measures
Combined AQ and CC measures:2) End-of-pipe measures

Emissions from electricity generation in Andra Pradesh

Level in 2000

combined aq and cc measures 3 sustainable energy systems
Combined AQ and CC measures:3) Sustainable energy systems

Loss in statistical life expectancy from PM2.5 in 2020

(with current legislation on air pollution controls)

Governmental energy baseline

Alternative sustainability energy path

Governmental energy baseline

Differences:

1 million ton less CO2 emissions/year in 2020

7 billion $/yr less control costs for air pollution

8 months life expectancy or 10 million life years gained per year

conclusions
Conclusions
  • In addition to “conventional” air pollution problems from industrial sources, AQ impacts from poverty add an additional burden in developing countries.
  • Interactions between air pollution and GHG mitigation are equally relevant for developing countries. Well-selected measures to improve local air quality in the near term can deliver co-benefits on GHG emissions.
gains asia is freely accessible at the internet www iiasa ac at web apps apd gains as index login
GAINS-Asia is freely accessible at the Internetwww.iiasa.ac.at/web-apps/apd/gains/AS/index.login
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