Love Thy Neighbor : Explaining Asylum Seeking and Hosting, 1982-2008. Jeong-Woo Koo (Sungkyunkwan University) Eunhye Yoo (University of Minnesota). Problem. Increasing salience of the refugee issues Refugee movements as a key feature of globalization
Jeong-Woo Koo (Sungkyunkwan University)
Eunhye Yoo (University of Minnesota)
•Which countries are more attractive for refugees in deciding their final destinations? What domestic characteristics lead refugees to choose a country as an ideal place to resettle?
•Which countries are more likely to provide legal and permanent protection for asylum seekers? What characteristics of countries lead them to be more open to and/or tolerant of refugees?
International Refugee Regime
Top and Bottom 10 Countries of Submitted Asylum Applications,
Recognition Rates of Asylum Seekers, 1982-2008
Top and Bottom 10 Countries Recognizing Asylum Seekers, 1996- 2008
Theories and Hypotheses: Rationalist Theory (1/2)
Hypothesis 1a: Asylum seekers are more likely to prefer countries with political stability, democratic political structures, and high level of human rights protections, the ones that often align with western cultural heritage.
Hypothesis 1b: Countries with political stability, democratic polity structures, high level human rights protections, and western heritage are more prone to admit refugees.
Theories and Hypotheses: Rationalist Theory (2/2)
Hypothesis 2a: Asylum seekers are more likely to prefer economically robust countries and/or those with better welfare provisions.
Hypothesis 2b: Economically robust countries and/or the countries with more welfare spending are not more likely to recognize asylum seekers.
Theories and Hypotheses:
World Polity Institutionalism (1/2)
Hypothesis 3a: Asylum seekers are more likely to lodge their applications as the world polity becomes more saturated with refugee instruments and organizations.
Hypothesis 3b: Countries are more likely to grant permanent refugee status as the world polity becomes more saturated with refugee instruments and organizations.
Theories and Hypotheses:
World Polity Institutionalism (2/2)
Hypothesis 4a: Asylum seekers are more likely to prefer countries with stronger links to the world polity, especially the international refugee regime.
Hypothesis 4b: Countries with stronger links to the world polity, including the international refugee regime, are more likely to recognize asylum seekers.
Independent Variables (Rationalist variables)
(World Polity Institutionalist variables)
No substantial changes in the results.
Results (Application Analysis)
Results (Recognition Rate Analysis)