Lying and Deception. Write down (to turn in, no names, necessarily): . 1) Define lying 2) An example of a morally justified lie. 3) An example of a morally justified lie intended to benefit the liar financially. Df ., lying.
1) Define lying
2) An example of a morally justified lie.
3) An example of a morally justified lie intended to benefit the liar financially.
A lie: a statement made deliberately to mislead others which is believed to be false by the person who makes it.
A deception: An action or omission that is intentionally misleading to others.
1) lies require statements (verbal or written); deception doesn’t.
2) deception is a “success” term in a way lying isn’t.
5 days after being hired to be the head football coach at Notre Dame, George O’Leary was forced to resign. On his résumé, he stated that he 1) had a Master’s degree from a non-existent school, 2) was a three-year letterman at UNH, where he never played in a game.
Your boss calls Saturday morning. You are supposed to have the day off, but don’t have any firm plans. The boss, though, explains that there’s a crisis at the office and she badly needs you to come in to work. You don’t want to go in, but don’t have a good excuse so you make one up. Is it a lie? Is it wrong?
I am about to seal the deal to sell you several computers for your small business. You ask me to verify that the computers will be delivered within two weeks, as I’d originally said. I know that that’s unlikely, but the truth will probably cost me the sale, so I say they’ll be verified in two weeks. Is it a lie? Is it okay?
You’re working in a restaurant as a waiter and you forget to turn in one table’s order to the kitchen promptly. 10 minutes later you remember and turn it in, and explain to your table that there has been an unexpected delay in the kitchen. You figure there’s no reason for your tip to suffer – it won’t hurt the cooks any. Is it a lie? Is it okay?
On her résumé, Felicity claims that in college she donated 15 hours per week to help as a volunteer at a shelter for battered women. What she doesn’t say is that this was required as a service learning component in a women’s studies course she took. Is it a lie? Is it deceptive? Is it wrong?
A man was laid off from his position as a graphic designer and technical writer for a software firm. He immediately began looking for a new job. The résumé he sent out accurately describes his skills and experience but includes an important untruth: it claims that he continues to work for his former employer. “It is much, much, much harder to get a job if you are not already employed,” the man explains. “I have two kids to feed an am not about to risk my livelihood on some trivial moral imperative. Outside of this situation, I am a 100 percent morally, ethically upstanding person.” The man understands that there is a decent chance that his lie will be discovered, e.g., by a a simple phone call to the former employer to confirm dates of employment. Still, he feels that this is a risk that he must take. Has he done anything wrong?*
*Jeffrey L. Seglin, “Necessary Lies,” New York Times, October 3, 2004.