W omen in I ndiana H istory: Searching for unique resources to document their role. W omen in I ndiana H istory: Searching for unique resources to document their role. What are the standard sources of Indiana History? Biographical sources?
Women in Indiana History:
Searching for unique resources to document their role.
What are the standard sources of Indiana History? Biographical sources?
How are women presented in Indiana history?
Unique sources to explore.
“When writing this chapter, the author frequently asked himself what were the principal roles that woman and girls had in the pioneer economy and in pioneer life versus the roles that men and boys had. As this chapter has indicated, the pioneers, regardless of sex had almost endless work to do, and a considerable variety of tasks were required of them. Only a cursory view is required to make it apparent that there were many tasks done largely and even entirely by woman and girls, and many other tasks done largely or entirely by men and boys…..
“The division of labor between the sexes suggests that pioneer men were the “providers” for and women the “keepers” of the household. …. Men might become farmers, tradesmen, merchants, teachers, ministers, lawyers, or doctors, however these and other occupations with few exceptions were closed to women.”
Carmony, Donald F. Indiana 1816-1850: The Pioneer Era, The History of Indiana Volume II. Indianapolis, IN: Indiana Historical Society. 1998. page 77.
Index: Woman Suffrage, 259-261, 284.
Woman’s Rights Association, 35-36, 259.
Woman’s rights movement, 34-37, 258-
Woman, service in Civil War as nurses, 172-173; employed in industry, 440; union for working, 445; academies for, 487-488, 525n; in teaching profession, 501-502; admitted in colleges and universities, 521-522, 528; separate prison for, 591-592, 592-594n; periodicals for, 690.
Thornbrough, Emma Lou. Indiana in the Civil War Era, 1850-1880: The History of Indiana Volume III. Indianapolis, IN: Indiana Historical Society. 1965.
Index: Woman Suffrage, 18, 35, 126, 127, 494, 498-502. Women, on the farm, 145, 148n,; in industry, 327-331; labor union for working, 344; in teaching profession, 404; private schools for, 409-411, 425-426; admitted in colleges and university, 426; in nursing profession, 476-478; separate prison for 488; in temperance movement, 494, 495; organizations of, 500, 501, 505; periodicals of interest to, 501; aid war effort, 597-598.
Phillips, Clifton J. Indiana in Transition: The Emergence of An Industrial Commonwealth, 1880-1920. The History of Indiana Volume IV. Indianapolis, In: Indiana Historical Society. 1968.
Madison, James H. Indiana through Tradition and Change: A History of the Hoosier State
and Its People, 1920-1945. The History of Indiana Volume V. Indianapolis, In: Indiana Historical Society. 1982.
Index: Women, nomination of, and election to General Assembly, 36-37; employed by SPA, 127; in the labor force, 246, 247; unionization of, 254; on college and university campuses, 290, number employed in war production, 389, 406-407; treatment as second-class employees, 390; working mothers, 390-391; lasting effects of World War II on, 406-407.
Women’s clubs, 346-347. Women’s suffrage, 36-38
Gabin, Nancy. “FALLOW YET FERTILE: THE FIELD OF INDIANA WOMEN'S HISTORY.” Indiana Magazine of History 2000 96(3): 212-249.
Seigel, Peggy Brase. “SHE WENT TO WAR: INDIANA WOMEN NURSES IN THE CIVIL WAR.” Indiana Magazine of History 1990 86(1): 1-27.
Ashendel, Anita. "WOMAN AS FORCE" IN INDIANA HISTORY. Traces of Indiana and Midwestern History 2000 12(1): 4-15.
Scholten, Pat Creech. “A PUBLIC "JOLLIFICATION": THE 1859 WOMEN'S RIGHTS PETITION BEFORE THE INDIANA LEGISLATURE.” Indiana Magazine of History 1976 72(4): 347-359.
Stetson, Erlene. “BLACK FEMINISM IN INDIANA, 1893-1933.” Phylon 1983 46(4): 292-298.
Bailey, Joanne Passet. "THE RULE RATHER THAN THE EXCEPTION": MIDWEST WOMEN AS ACADEMIC LIBRARIANS, 1875-1900. Journal of Library History 1986 21(4): 673-692.
Arnold, Eleanor, ed. Living Rich Lives:
Memories of Hoosier Homemakers. Indianapolis:
Indiana Extension Homemakers Assoc., 1990.
Hine, Darlene Clark. When the Truth Is Told:
A History of Black Women's Culture and Community in Indiana, 1875-1950. Indianapolis: Natl. Council of Negro Women, 1981. 90 pp.
Springer, Barbara Anne. "Ladylike Reformers: Indiana Women and Progressive Reform.“ DAI 1986 46(12): 3845-A. DA8602417 Indiana U. 1985. 300 pp.
Szopa, Anne. "Images of Women in Muncie Newspapers: 1895-1915.“ DAI 1987 47(10): 3857-A. DA8703643
Miller, Kathy Kay. "Rural Women's Work and Role in Community Building and Institution Building in Indiana from 1900-1980."DAI 1998 58(12): 4826-A. DA9819002 Purdue U. 1997. 209 pp.
“Women during this period were admitted to full privileges in the State University (1867). The percentage of women among teachers in the common schools was greatly increased also. All of which were but parts of the same social and culture movements which put women into the seminaries, and attracted from other states, as well as the institutions of our own, scholarly, refined, womanly women…..”
Boone, Richard G. A History of Education in Indiana. New York: D. Appleton and Company. 1892. P. 231.
Alexander, Grace C.
Bacon, Mrs. Mary Schell,
Beecher, Mrs. Henry Ward
Bolton, Sarah T.
Mostwick, Mary E.
Boyd, Louise Vickroy
Bruner, Margret E.
Catherwood, Mary Hartwell
Chitwood, Mary Louisa
Collins, Mrs. Angelina Maria Lor
Dobson, Ruth Lininger
Drake, Mrs. Alexander
Hack, Elizabeth Miller
Hayden, Mrs. Sarah Marshall
Hibbard, Mrs. J.R.
Hill, Mrs. Rebecca Wright
Jackson, Margaret Weymouth
Johnston, Annie Fellows
Jordan, Dulcina Mason
Knight, Caroline Brown
Krout, Caroline Virginia
Krout, Mary Hannah
Madeleva, Sister Mary
Nolan, Jeannette Covert
Ploughe, Mary W.
Porter, Gene Stratton
Rabb, Kate Milner
Rose, Henrietta (Mrs. Hamilton)
Sister Mary Genevieve
Sister Mary Madeleva
Snedeker, Caroline Dale
Strauss, Juliet V.
Tayler, Eletha M.
Shumaker, Arthur W. A History of Indiana Literature: with emphasis on the authors of imaginative works who commenced writing prior to World War II. Indianapolis, IN: Indiana Historical Society. 1962.
Wallace, Susan Elston
White, Esther Griffin
Wilson, Elizabeth Conwell
Biography written by Judith Reick Long.
* Female Bible Society 1839
* Edgeworthalean Society 1841
* Clionian Society 1858
* The Minerva 1859
* Birth of the General Federation of
Women’s Clubs 1889
* Woman’s Club of Greencastle 1841
* Indianapolis Woman’s Club 1875
Courtney, Grace Gates. History Indiana Federation of Clubs. Fort Wayne, IN: Fort Wayne Printing Company. 1939.
Harper, Ida A. The Associated Work of the Women of Indiana. Indiana World’s Fair Monographs. Indinaapolis, IN: Burford Printer and Binder. 1893.
Mrs. Jacob P. Dunn, Member Board of Trustees, Indianapolis. “The Woman’s Prison.” in Conference on Delinquency called by Governor Warren T. McCray, Indianapolis, at the State House, January 12, 1922.
“We do not have the same class of women that we had even ten years ago. ….The women who come to us are not of as high a class, mentally, morally or physically and so it is necessary of course that a great deal of educational work be done
….Every woman who comes out is trained as a home maker first.”
“The Place of Women among the World’s Workers.”
1888 Harper, Mrs. Ida A. (Terre Haute). “Woman’s Work.”
1898-99 Brown, Mrs. R. M. “The Farmer’s Library.”
Lindley, Mrs. Harriet J. “Give the Wife a Chance.”
1899-1900Gunkle, Mrs. S. J. (Mulberry) “Our Daughters—What shall we teach them?”
Murray, Miss Nelle (Connersville) “What a women can do on a farm.”
1900-1901M’Dermott, Mrs. J. J. (Franklin) “How Shall Woman Accomplish the Most Good.”
1901-1902Harding, Mrs. Belle (Corunna) “The Wife’s Share.”
1902-1903Johnson, Mrs. Sylvester. “Women in Floriculture and Horticulture.”
1903-1904Nillis, Mrs. Maggie (West Fork). “The Woman on the Farm.”
1904-1905Stevens, Mrs. W. W. “Experiences and Observations at the World’s Fair.”
1905-1906Jenkins, Miss Ruby (Orleans). “The Country Girl Versus the City Girl.”
1906-1907Smith, Emily Hayward (Hobart). “Woman’s Place on the Farm.”
Davidson, Miss LuLu A. (Montgomery County). “A Farmer’s Recreations and Amusements.”
“Next we come to the library…it is full of state agricultural reports and religious debates….Begin at the bottom, put in histories first for the children and progressively up the concise standard works for adults, interspersed with good biographies and books of travel. The next shelf is for poetry and fiction, and we place caution at your elbow to make you put in only the best….”
“The Industrial Progress of Woman.”
“The census of 1880 tells a wonderful story of woman’s industrial progress in the United States….Impelled by necessity, or by failure on the part of the so-called “natural protectors,” or by the growing demands of living and luxury, or by a desire to use strength and ability more widely, women have entered 219 of the 265 occupations enumerated by the census for 1880.”
Basically Common Law
Married versus Single
David, Victoria. The Legal Status of Women in Indiana, 1816-1860. Senior Honors Thesis, Indiana University. August 1974.
Married women would
not lose or forfeit legal rights
“The first attempt at obtaining accurate statistics regarding women’s occupations in the state of Indiana was made in 1881.”
Indiana does not rank well in national ranking (51 including District of Columbia) on a number of indicators:
* 24th in health and well-being
* 24th in political participation
* 36th in economic autonomy
* 43rd for reproductive rights
* 44th for employment and earnings.
Census 2000 shows that Women in Indiana make up 51 % of the current population.
The Status of Women in Indiana: politics, economics, health, demographics. Institute for Women’s Policy Research. [Bloomington, IN: The Institute]. 2000.
American Factfinder.http://www.census.gov Accessed March 27, 2002.
Historical Census Browser. University of Virginia. http:// Accessed March, 2002/
* First Ladies of Indiana and the Governors
* Biographical Directory of the Indiana General Assembly
Women Elected Officials of Indiana 1980.
Women in the Indiana General Assembly 1978-2001 State of Indiana, 1790-1915
Achor, Helen E. Martin (1969) State of Indiana, 1790-1915
Allstatt, Angeline Patterson (1973-74)
Atkins, Katharine Lewis Watson (1945)
Balz, Arcada Campbell Stark (1943)
Barning, Elsie Christene Seiler (1949)
Blankenbaker, Virginia Mabel (1981-)
Brown, Alice Mathias Sabo (1955)
Budak, Mary Kay McMahon (1981)
Burnett, Martha Louise Yeager (1957)
Caesar, Victoria (1965)
Carson, Julia M. Porter (1973)
Conn, Harriette Vesta Bailey (1967)
Coons, Clara Leona Van Cleave (1941)
Crimmins, Janiece Lucille (1971)
Currie, Lucille A. Smith (1959)
Daugherty, Elizabeth Hunt (1925)
Dorbecker, Doris Lorene Phipps 1969)
Downing, Elizabeth Williams (1943)
Engle, Barbara Louise (1983)
Ferguson, Lettie McCave (1929)
Fifield (Esther Lillian Harper (1979)
Fruits, Katherine O'Connell (1965)
Gardner, Dorothy Haberstroh (1947)Women in the Indiana General Assembly
Gardner, Ella Van Sickle (1927)
Garrett (Mary Ann Cornelison (1949)
Gaylord, Ella Frances Henderson (1967)
Gubbins, Joan Margaret Burton (1969)
Haines, Tella Chloe (1931)
Hall, Katie Beatrice Greene (1975)
Hawthorne, Marcia Moorman (1961)
Hibner, Janet Louise Nelson (1977)
Kirk, Naomi Joy (1955)
Klinker, Sheila Ann Johnston (1983)
Lauck, Marie Theresa (1959)
Lloyd, Daisy Riley (1965)
Logan, Cecilia M. (1965)
Lowe, Mabel Leota Hoar Smith (1943
Lynch, Irma Stone (1945)
Malinka, Bernadine (Betty) (1943)
Maloney, Anna (1961)
May, Emma Mary (1945)
Miller, Patricia Louise Miller (1983)
Misener, Mary Zeola Hershey (1929)
Mosby, Carolyn Allan Brown J. (1979)
Nelson, Julia D. Reynolds (1921)
Nicolson, Roberta West (1935)
Noble, Jane Ann (1949)
Norris, Fern Elizabeth Duenk (1951)
Parent, Lillian May Cox (1977)
Petterson, Mary Jean Miller (1979)
Pond, Phyllis Joan Ruble (1979)
Rainey, Elizabeth (1923)
Roach, Grace Elizabeth Brewington (1949)
Schultz, Marilyn Frances (1973)
Seyfield, Maryann Crossen (1975)
Smelser, Anna May Padberg (1953)
Stout, Harriet Cracraft (1955)
VanArsdale, Catherine Eva Stackhouse (1975)
Wilson, Esther Marie Rulza (1977)
Wilson, Ida Roth (1943)
Wooffendale, Mattie Lucille McEwen (1973)
Worman, Marna Jo Newhouser (1977)
Wyatt, Margaret Lambert (1945)
Zimmerman, Bertha A. Goad (1929)
Virginia Ellis Jenckes 73rd-75th
Cecil Murray Harden 81st-85th
Katie Beatrice Hall 97th-98th
Jill Long 101-103rd
Julia Carson 105th -
Women's History: Significant Indiana Women
Indiana Women's History
INDIANA'S TRAILBLAZING WOMEN: 2001 Engagement Calendar by Judy H. Singleton. 2000, 2001
Since there is no one source that pulls together biographical information about important women in Indiana, shouldn’t we construct a Biographical List of Women in Indiana?
List of women included in various sources…..including: