Energy emergency response in chinese taipei
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Energy Emergency Response in Chinese Taipei. EWG42 Kaohsiung, Chinese Taipei. CHINESE TAIPEI 19-20 October 2011. Contents. Overview of Chinese Taipei’s Energy Supply and Policies Legal Framework and Implementation of Stockpiling and Emergency Response System in Chinese Taipei Conclusion.

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Energy emergency response in chinese taipei

Energy Emergency Response in Chinese Taipei

EWG42

Kaohsiung, Chinese Taipei

CHINESE TAIPEI

19-20 October 2011


Energy emergency response in chinese taipei

Contents

  • Overview of Chinese Taipei’s Energy Supply and Policies

  • Legal Framework and Implementation of Stockpiling and Emergency Response System in Chinese Taipei

  • Conclusion


Energy emergency response in chinese taipei

I. Overview of Chinese Taipei’s

Energy Supply and Policies


Energy emergency response in chinese taipei

Energy Supply in Chinese Taipei

High Dependence on Imported Energy

Owing to the shortage of indigenous energy resources, 99.4% of total energy supply is imported.

Indigenous Energy Supply (2010)

0.88 Million KLOE

Total Primary Energy Supply (2010)

146.0 Million KLOE


Energy emergency response in chinese taipei

Energy Supply in Chinese Taipei

High Dependence on Fossil Energy

(1)Fossil fuels accounted for 90.9% of Chinese Taipei’s total energy supply.

(2)Chinese Taipei’s dependence on fossil energy is higher than neighboring countries.

(3)Electricity from high carbon, coal-fired power plants accounts for 53.4% of electricity supply.

(4)In light of the above facts, Chinese Taipei aims to develop low carbon energy to reduce its dependence on fossil fuel.


Energy emergency response in chinese taipei

Chinese Taipei’s oil import

4

2

Kuwait

69 Mbbl

20.2%

Iran

27 Mbbl

7.83%

3

7

Iraq

33 Mbbl

9.82%

United Arab Emirates

15 Mbbl

4.62%

9

1

6

Indonesia

1.7 Mbbl

0.5%

Saudi Arabia

117 Mbbl

34.14%

10

Oman

17 Mbbl

5.04%

Nigeria

0.9 Mbbl

0.28%

奈及利亞

Nigeria

95萬桶

0.28%

Others

32 Mbbl

9.35%

Congo

9 Mbbl

2.72%

  • 340Mbbl/yr in total in2010

  • Heavy dependence on Oil import from ME

5

Angola

19 Mbbl

5.54%

8


Energy emergency response in chinese taipei

Chinese Taipei’s gas import

Others, 11.9%

Qatar, 23.8%

Omen, 3.5%

Nigeria, 7.6%

Malaysia, 25.6%

Equatorial Guinea, 2.2%

Indonesia

17.9%

Australia, 7.5%


Energy emergency response in chinese taipei

Chinese Taipei’s Coal import

Canada

1.2%

  • 100% of coal is imported

  • 63.1Mt/yr in 2010

  • Mainly supplied by Australia and Indonesia

China

6.2%

South Africa

4.1%

秦皇島

1135浬

(4天)

Los Angeles

6117浬

Long Beach

(20~22天)

U.S

0.4%

Russia

1.8%

(1569浬、 5天)

Tanjung Bara

(1659浬、 5天)

Samarinda

Richards Bay (6402浬、20~23天)

Abbot Point (3267浬、10~12天)

Darlymple Bay (3365浬、10~12天)

Indonesia

37.4%

Gladstone (3567浬、11~13 天)

Newcastle (4223浬、12~15天)

Australia

45.4%

Port Kembla (4318浬、12~15天)


Energy emergency response in chinese taipei

Chinese Taipei’s Energy Policy

Policy Objective

Stability

Cleanness

Efficiency

Developing clean energy

Securing stable energy supply

Enhancing energy efficiency

  • Improve energy efficiency by at least 2% annually

  • Reduce energy intensity by 20% by 2015 (with 2005 as base year)

  • Reduce energy intensity by at least 50% by 2025 via technical breakthrough

  • Reduce CO2 emission to the level of 2005 by 2020, and further reduce CO2 emission to the level of 2000 by 2025

  • Increase the share of low carbon energy in power generation to at least 55% by 2025.

To establish a secure energy supply system to support the needs of economic development

Multi-layered policy measures are required.


Energy emergency response in chinese taipei

Policy Measures for Energy Stability

  • Stable supply of energy resources

  • To diversify procurements to reduce concentration of energy supply

  • To increase ownership of resources to enhance energy independency

    3. To expand supply sources via international cooperation

  • Sound energy supply facilities

    1. Sufficient production facilities

    2. Regular maintenance of energy facilities

    3. Strengthening energy transmission and storage facilities

    4. Ensure energy transit security

  • Integrated risk management mechanism

    1. Regulatory regime and special task forces

    2. Emergency response mechanism

  • The development of renewable energy and energy technology

    1. The development of renewable of high independency

    2. The development of low-carbon energy technology

Important short-term measures


Energy emergency response in chinese taipei

Ⅱ. Legal Framework and Implementation

of Stockpiling and Emergency Response

System in Chinese Taipei


Energy emergency response in chinese taipei

Chinese Taipei’s oil stockpiling

Petroleum Management Act

  • Government and private sector are required to maintain oil stock equal to at least 30 days and 60days of domestic demand respectively. (in line with IEA 90-day obligation)

  • LPG stock should be maintained to a level of no less than 25 days of domestic demand.

By the consumption level of 44 Mbbl per day, Chinese Taipei has kept 128 days of oil stocks in total as of Feb 2011. (government:38 days; private sector:90days)


Energy emergency response in chinese taipei

Oil emergency response

Regulation on Oil Disposal during Emergency

In the face of oil disruption or dramatic oil price fluctuation which may pose threats to the stability of oil supply and national security, the Ministry of Economic Affairs are empowered to‧implement restrictions on oil import, export and holdings‧implement restrictions on oil distribution and selling‧set up the maximum of oil prices‧adjust the quantity, appropriate and make specific use of oil stocks


Energy emergency response in chinese taipei

Chinese Taipei’s gas stockpiling

Natural Gas Enterprise Law

  • Natural gas enterprises are required to maintain certain stock capacity:

    —natural gas production enterprises: half day

    —natural gas import enterprises: 15 days

    —natural gas enterprises that runs both production and import: 15days

Taichung LNG station

YongAn LNG station

Total gas stocks are equivalent to 15.7 days of domestic demands


Energy emergency response in chinese taipei

Gas emergency response

Regulation on LNG supply and price control

  • In the face of gas disruption or dramatic gas price fluctuation which may pose threats to the stability of gas supply and national security, the Ministry of Economic Affairs are empowered to control natural gas supply and prices.‧reduce gas supply to users of different sectors by order of priority: — power utilities (reduction by 10%)— cogeneration users (reduction by 5%)— industrial users (reduction by 5%)— transportation users (reduction by 10%)— public LNG enterprises (reduction by 10%)

To minimize the impact ongeneral users


Energy emergency response in chinese taipei

Gas emergency response

Regulation on LNG supply and price control (cont.)

In case of:1. A monthly average price increase of imported natural gas exceeding more than 50%2. A cumulative average price increase over three consecutive months of imported natural gas exceeding more than 50%The Ministry of Economic Affairsmay command LNG import enterprises to temporarily suspend price adjustment or to partially adjust natural gas prices.


Energy emergency response in chinese taipei

Chinese Taipei’s coal stockpiling

Energy Management Act

Coal-fired power plants are required to maintain coal stocks of no less than 30 days by the average coal demand of the previous year.

  • Currently Chinese Taipei’s coal stocks are equal to 43 days of

    domestic demand.


Energy emergency response in chinese taipei

Measures for coal and electricity emergency response

Restriction on the power use during power failure

  • In the face of insufficient power supply, power utilities may initiate power rationing upon approval of the Ministry of Economic Affairs.

  • Power rationing is mainly applied to industrial users. Users from national defense sector, transportation sector or other important sectors may not be subject to the restriction above.


Energy emergency response in chinese taipei

Ⅲ. Conclusion


Energy emergency response in chinese taipei

  • Follow the IEA 90-day obligation and surpass the target practically to ensure sufficient supply during emergency

  • Legal framework and obligation are needed and proved to be helpful since Chinese Taipei is heavily dependant on imported energy

  • Should develop diversified mixture of energy sources and increase the uptake of indigenous renewable energy to ensure energy security

  • Working on establishing an indexed warning system of energy security risk for the sake of more effective, efficient and dynamic responses to energy emergency and energy security

  • Willing to cooperate on energy emergency response with international mechanisms


Energy emergency response in chinese taipei

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