Expository Text Structure. Problem Solution Cause Effect Descriptive Sequence Chronology Compare/Contrast. Cause and Effect . Two ideas interact with each other . One is the cause and the other is the effect. . Oil tankers are used to transport oil, and oil spills into the ocean.
Expository Text Structure
Cause and Effect
Two ideas interact with each other . One is the cause and the other is the effect.
Oil tankers are used to transport oil, and oil spills into the ocean.
People rely on oil for many every day needs.
Animals and plants become coated with oil.
Cause/Effect Graphic Organizer for Writing
The writer states a problem or poses a question that is followed by a solution.
The Nashua River begins as a pristine river surrounded by forests.
Europeans arrive, the wilderness turns into farms and later into cities. Paper mills, runoff, and wastewater pollute the river.
A campaign is started to clean up the river, and although the river is never as clean as it once was, it is now much cleaner.
Problem and Solution Organizer for Writing
The author describes a topic by listing characteristics, features, and examples
Presents information that occurs in a series or in steps such as the growth of living organisms or a recipe
Sequence Text Structure Graphic Organizers for Pre-Writing
Use Flow charts for steps in directions or life cycles, for example.
Use a timeline for biographies or other time chronologies
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