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2013- 閱讀報告 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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2013- 閱讀報告. 組員 : 黃騰偉 楊夢庭 邱敏華 蘇于庭 指導老師 : 陳翠萍. Morphine- 嗎啡 Potent- 有效力的 , 有效能的 ( 藥等 ) powerful, strong, forceful, mighty Opiate- 鴉片劑 麻醉藥 ; 鎮靜劑 Field-( 知識 ) 領域 ; 專業 ; ( 活動 ) 範疇 land, space, region, tract Relieve- 緩和 , 減輕 ; 解除 to relax; to ease up; to mitigate

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2013- 閱讀報告

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2013-閱讀報告

組員:

黃騰偉

楊夢庭

邱敏華

蘇于庭

指導老師:陳翠萍


  • Morphine-嗎啡

  • Potent-有效力的, 有效能的(藥等) powerful, strong, forceful, mighty

  • Opiate-鴉片劑 麻醉藥; 鎮靜劑

  • Field-(知識)領域; 專業; (活動)範疇 land, space, region, tract

  • Relieve-緩和, 減輕; 解除 to relax; to ease up; to mitigate

  • Naturally-天生地 天然地 自然地

    字構:nat出生 + ur狀態 + al....的 + ly以...方式


  • Occur-出現; 存在 to exist

    字構:oc向 + cur跑

  • Poppy-罌粟

  • Synthetically-綜合地

  • Manufacture-(大量)製造 to make

    字構:Manu手+fact做+ure行為,結果

  • Perceives-察覺; 感知 to feel; to perceive

    字構:Per完全+ceiv拿取+e(v)


  • Reducing-減低 to reduce; to lower

  • Experience-經驗, 體驗 to undergo an experience to experience firsthand

  • Severe-嚴重的; 劇烈的; 凜冽的 serious

  • Significant-顯著的; 有效的 noticeable noteworthy

    字構:Sign標記,指明+i+fic做ant有......作用的

  • Risk-危險, 風險 risks; danger; hazards


  • Addiction-沈溺; 成癮; 上癮; 入迷 to be addicted to; to habituate

  • Certain-某種(或一定)程度的

  • Injury-(對人, 動物的)傷害; (對健康的)損害 to damage; to harm

  • Adimimstered-給予, 提供 to provide; to supply

  • Continuously-連續不斷地, 接連地

  • Relief-緩和, 減輕; 解除 to relax; to ease up; to mitigate

  • Chronic-(病)慢性的; (人)久病的

    字構:Chron時間+ic屬於.....的


Main ideas of the first paragraph

  • Morphine is very potent drug known as an opiate that is used in the field of medicine to relieve pain.

  • Morphine can be taken as needed for certain types of pain, such as a bad injury, and it can also be administered continuously for relief of chronic pain such as that experienced by cancer patients.


  • Pharmacist-製藥者; 藥劑師; 藥商

  • Isolated-使孤立; 使脫離 to depart from; to break away

  • Hallucinogen-迷幻劑

  • Reliever-緩和, 減輕; 解除 to relax; to ease up; to mitigate

  • Produces-引起, 產生; 招致 to produce; to bring; to result

    字構:Pro向前+duc引導+e(v.n)

  • Euphoric-心情愉快的; 心滿意足的


Main ideas of the second paragraph

  • Friedrich Wilhelm Adam serturner was the German pharmacist who first isolated morphine.

  • Morphine also produces a euphoric mental state and relieves anxiety.


Third paragraph-words of phrases

  • As such-就其本身而論

  • Suffer-遭受; 經歷 to undergo; to experience; to come through

    字構:Suf在底下+fer攜帶

  • Chronic-(病)慢性的; (人)久病的

    字構:Chron時間+ic屬於.....的

  • Advent-出現; 到來 to appear; to emerge

    字構:Ad靠近+vent來


  • Heroin-海洛因

  • Derivative-引出的

  • Commonly-通常地, 一般地 generically universally

  • Abused-濫用, 妄用 to misuse; to misapply

    字構:Ab壞,差+us用,使用+e(v.n)

  • Potent-有效力的, 有效能的(藥等) powerful, strong, forceful, mighty

  • Replaced-取代 to replace; to substitute for; to supersede

    字構:Re再,回+plac放置+plac+e(v)


  • Addicts-入迷的人; 有癮的人

  • Substitute-代替人; 代替物; 代用品 an ersatz; a substitution; a makeshift

    字構:Sub下一個+stitut站立+e(n.v)

  • Interestingly-有趣地 funnily

  • Treat-探討; 論述 to confer; to probe into

  • Opium-鴉片

  • Addiction-沈溺; 成癮; 上癮; 入迷 to be addicted to; to habituate

  • Alcohoism-酗酒 酒精中毒 to drink to excess; to be inflicted with alcoholism

  • Addictive-使成癮的; 上癮的 hard drug habit-forming


Main ideas of the third paragraph

  • Before the advent of heroin, morphine was commonly abused. But because heroin is more potent and faster acting, it replaced.

  • Morphine was used early on to treat opium addiction, and even alcoholism, until it was realized that it was more addictive than both of those drugs.


Fourth Paragraph--words and phrases

  • Exercise-運用, 行使 to make use of; to draw on sth.; to perform

  • Caution-小心, 謹慎 careful; cautious

  • Prescribing-開(藥方), 為...開(藥方); 囑咐

    字構:Pre先 前+scrib寫+e(v)

  • Alleviate-減輕; 緩和 to lighten; to mitigate

  • Dying-垂死的; 行將結束的; 快熄滅的 moribund

  • Concern-關心的事, 重要的事

    字構:Con徹底+cern區分


  • Analgesic-止痛劑

  • Severe-嚴重的; 劇烈的; 凜冽的 serious

  • Precautions-預防措施 precautionary measures

  • Doses-吸收劑量

  • Frequency-頻率, 次數

  • Closely-嚴密地, 仔細地 strictly

    字構:Clos關閉+e(adj)+ly以...方式

  • Monitored-監控; 監聽; 監測; 監視 to monitor


  • Withdrawal-退縮; 退隱 停止吸毒

  • Symptoms-症狀, 徵候 a symptom; a condition

  • Indicators-指標 an index; a norm; a targ

    字構:In向+dic說,宣告+ators人,物

  • Tolerance-忍耐, 忍耐力 to bear; to endure

  • Occurs-出現; 存在 to exist

  • Achieve-達到 to achieve an objective

    字構:A向+chiev頭+e(v)

  • Includes-包括, 包含 to include; to contain; to cover

    字構:In在內+clud關閉+e(v)


Main ideas of the Fourth paragraph

  • Morphine can be used to make the patient more comfortable during his or her final days.

  • There are two main indicators of addiction-withdrawal and tolerance.


Fifth Paragraph-words and phrases

  • physically- 實體

  • psychologically-精神上的 connected with a person’s mind and the way in which it works

    -ology名詞字尾表示學科

  • addictive使成癮的; 上癮的 hard drug habit-forming

  • addict- 吸毒成癮的人 a person who is unable to stop taking harmful drugs

  • resorting-求助,手段 ask for helping

  • accustomed- 通常的 usual or typical of sb/sth

  • resumes- 繼續 ,恢復 commonly used or practiced

    re= 再 sume = take,表示"拿,取


  • functioning-功能 a special activity or purpose of a person or thing

  • cravings- 渴望 to thirst for

  • persist- To hold firmly and steadfastly to a purpose

    字構:per完全+sist站立

  • dependent- Relying on or requiring the aid of another for support

    字構:de下+pend懸掛+ent處於...狀態的

  • crave-懇求 to request

  • lead- 領導 to guide


  • severe- 劇烈

  • depression-不景氣The condition of feeling sad or despondent

    字構:de向下+press壓,擠ion行為,結果

  • anxiety- A state of uneasiness and apprehension

    字構:anxiet苦惱 渴望+y狀態

  • develop- 發展 To bring from latency to or toward fulfillment

  • amnesia-健忘症 Partial or total loss of memory, usually resulting from shock, psychological disturbance, brain injury, or illness.


  • self- 表示自身的

  • esteem- 尊重

  • diminished-减少了的,被贬低的To make smaller or less or to cause to appear so.

  • copes- 妥善處理

    後通常加上with 表成功地應付

    用在否定炬則表示無成功可能

    drug 和medicine 分別

    drug 通常只狹義的麻醉藥或毒品

    medicine 指的是治療效果的藥,統常指口服藥


Fifth Paragraph-words and phrases(1)

  • Morphine is also psychologically addictive.

  • The cravings of morphine will persist because the person has become psychologically dependent on the drug.

  • Self esteem is diminished as the person copes with living life without the help of a drug.


Sixth Paragraph-words and phrases

  • Surprisingly 出人意外的 - To encounter suddenly or unexpectedly; take or catch unawares.

  • relapse- 再度惰落

  • 字構:re回+laps跌落+e(v.n)

  • common- 通俗的,共同擁有的Belonging equally to or shared equally by two or more

  • particularly-特別 , 詳細的To a great degree; especially:

  • 字構:part部份,分開+i+cul(e)小+ar有...性質+ly以...方式


  • factors- 因素One that actively contributes to an accomplishment

  • abuse- 濫用To use wrongly or improperly; misuse

    字構:ab壞 差+us用 使用+e(v.n)

  • Rats- 納特群鳥

  • environment-環境The circumstances or conditions that surround one; surroundings

  • enriched-使富裕To make rich or richer.


  • removal-除去 The act of removing

  • 字構:re離開+mov運動+al動作 過程

  • Coped- 對付. To contend or strive, especially on even terms or with success

  • treating-對待To act or behave in a specified manner toward

  • essential-基本的,必要的Constituting or being part of the essence of something; inherent.


Main ideas of the Sixth paragraph

  • Not surprisingly, relapse is very common among morphine addicts, particularly if the factors in their lives that led them to drug abuse are not changed.

  • It is essential that the patient's environment be altered to one that does not encourage morphine use.


Seventh Paragraph-words and phrases

  • Summarize-總結to make a summary of

  • Highly-非常,高度地Having a relatively great elevation

    字構:high高+ly至...程度

  • Effective-有效的Having an intended or expected effect

  • Alleviate-減輕To make (pain, for example) more bearable

  • Supervision-管理,監督


  • Process-過程A series of actions, changes, or functions bringing about a result

    字構:pro向前+cess走

  • Lifetime- The period of time during which an individual is alive

    life生命+time時間


Main ideas of the Seventh paragraph

  • The risk of morphine addiction is high, and withdrawal is a painful process-the psychological element of which can last a lifetime.

THE ENDING


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