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بررسی کاربردی قرارداد حمل دریایی کالا از طریق کانتینر استاد: دکتر فیضی دانشجو: مجتبی یوسفی - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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بررسی کاربردی قرارداد حمل دریایی کالا از طریق کانتینر استاد: دکتر فیضی دانشجو: مجتبی یوسفی دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی 1392.

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بررسی کاربردی قرارداد حمل دریایی کالا از طریق کانتینر استاد: دکتر فیضی دانشجو: مجتبی یوسفی

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  • :

  • :

  • 1392


  • : (ISO) .

  • :


  • : .

  • : 1937

  • 1956 (IDEAL X) 58 .


  • :

  • dry container 20 kg 21800

  • 40 kg 26780

  • 45 kg 26000

  • Open top container

  • Flat rack container

  • Platform container

  • Bulk container

  • ISO tank container

  • Reefer container

  • . . .


  • : TEU BOX .


  • .

  • ( ) .


  • (1960S)IDEAL X 800 TEU

  • (1970S)FULL CELLULAR 2500 TEU

  • (1980S)PANAMAX 4000 TEU

  • (1990S)POST PANAMAX 5000 TEU

  • (2005)SUPER POST PANAMAX 8000 TEU

  • (2006) NEW POST PANAMAX 14000 TEU


  • (2014)

  • (MAERSK) 152 387 :

  • 18000 TEU


  • .


  • . . .

  • ( )

  • ...

  • ( 1956 50% .)

  • : 200 TEU 70

  • 1000 TEU 14

  • ( )


  • ( )

  • ( ...)

  • ( : kg2220 kg3700 kg4480 )

  • 5000 TEU : 120,100

  • 5000 TEU : 11,100

  • ( )


  • : ( )

  • : (19801960)

  • : .


  • .

  • .

  • . !

  • CFS LCL FCL

  • .

  • ( )

  • (ICD) ( )

  • . . . .


  • : . ( 1959 3 3 18 .)

  • :

  • RTG:

  • :

  • empty handler:


  • ( 1988)

  • : (18000 14000 ... )

  • ( ...)

  • (29,920,000 TEU )

  • : ...

  • : ... (50 )

  • : ...

  • : ( ...

  • : ...

  • : ...


  • :

  • .

  • : CFS . .

  • FCL ( )

  • (door to door)

  • CFS .

  • .

  • LCL ...


  • LCL CFS (gropage) .

  • : 1855 . ( )

  • degrope CFS ( )

  • FCL FCL:

  • .

  • FCL LCL:

  • CFS .

  • . . . . !!


  • (FAS FOB CIF C&F) .

  • ( .)

  • ( )

  • 1980: .


  • : .

  • Unimodal : : .

  • : :

  • : CMR CIM: .

  • Multimodal .

  • !! . .

  • :

  • 1980 .

  • .


  • :

  • :

  • 90 .


  • .

  • : CT start to finish .

  • .

  • : .

  • ( ) ( )

  • . .

  • ( ... ) .


  • : .

  • :

  • :

  • 4

  • :

  • LCL

  • FCL

  • .

  • .


  • :

  • :

  • .

  • 1972 (IMO) . 1380 )


  • :

  • 1391

  • 1390

  • . 1391

  • ( ) 1386


  • 1392


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