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Gradele de comparatie






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Gradele de comparatie . prezentare. Comparativ de superioritate si Superlativ. 1. Adjective scurte 2. Adjective lungi 3. Adjective neregulate. 1. Adjective scurte (toate adj. monosilabice si unele bisilabice). Comparativ de superioritate (mai…): adj. + -”er” Superlativ (cel mai…):
Gradele de comparatie

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Slide 1

Gradele de comparatie

prezentare

Slide 2

Comparativ de superioritate si Superlativ

  • 1. Adjective scurte

  • 2. Adjective lungi

  • 3. Adjective neregulate

Slide 3

1. Adjective scurte (toate adj. monosilabice si unele bisilabice)

  • Comparativ de superioritate (mai…):

    adj. + -”er”

  • Superlativ (cel mai…):

    the + adj. + “-est”

Slide 4

Reguli de scriere la adaugarea “-er” si “-est”

1. Adj. terminate in consoana-vocala-consoana dubleaza ultima litera.

Big – bigger – the biggest

2. Adj. terminate in “-e”, il elimina:

Nice – nicer – the nicest

3. Adj. terminate in “-y” precedat de consoana transforma “-y” in

“-i”:

Funny – funnier – the funniest

4. Adj. terminate in “-l” precedat de vocala neaccentuata dubleaza “-l”-ul:

Cruel – crueller – the cruellest

Slide 5

Exemple:

  • fat – fatter – the fattest

  • thin – thinner – the thinnest

  • big - bigger – the biggest

  • pretty – prettier – the prettiest

  • happy – happier – the happiest

  • dirty – dirtier – the dirtiest

  • fine- finer – the finest

  • simple – simpler – the simplest

  • tall – taller – the tallest

  • old – older (elder) – the oldest (the eldest)

  • slow – slower – the slowest

  • clever – cleverer – the cleverest

  • narrow – narrower – the narrowest

Slide 6

2. Adjective lungi

  • Comparativ de superioritate (mai…):

    more + adj.

  • Superlativ (cel mai…):

    the most + adj.

Slide 7

Exemple:

  • beautiful – more beautiful – the most beautiful

  • important – more important – the most important

  • Interesting – more interesting – the most interesting

  • recent – more recent – the most recent

  • expensive – more expensive – the most expensive

  • dangerous – more dangerous – the most dangerous

Slide 8

3. Adjective neregulate

  • Good – better –the best

    (well – better – the best)

  • Bad – worse – the worst

    (ill - worse – the worst)

  • Much – more – the most

  • Many - more – the most

  • Little – less – the least

  • Far – farther – the farthest (departe in spatiu)

  • Far – further – the furthest (departe in timp)

  • Late – later – the latest (mai tarziu – celmai recent/ultimul)

  • Late – latter – the last (recent/al doilea - ultimul)

Slide 9

Comparativ de egalitate

Valabil pentru toate adjectivele:

  • as + adj. + as (la fel de… ca…)

Slide 10

Exemple:

As tall as (adj. scurt)

  • He is as tall as my brother.

  • (E la fel de inalt ca fratele meu)

    As expensive as (adj. lung)

  • This cap is as expensive as a dress.

  • (Şapca aceasta este la fel de scumpa ca si o rochie.)

    As much(+substantiv) as (adj neregulat)

  • I think my neighbour has as much money as Donald Trump.

  • (Cred ca vecinul meu are la fel de multi bani ca Donald Trump.

  • I like reading as much as you do.

  • (Imi place sa citesc la fel de mult ca tie.)

Slide 11

Comparativ de inferioritate

Valabil pentru toate adjectivele:

  • Not as + adj. + as … (nu la fel de …ca…)

    Sau

  • Not so + adj. + as … (nu asa de …ca…)

Slide 12

Exemple:

Not as dirty as/ not so dirty as (adj. scurt)

  • Your windows are not as dirty as mine.

  • (Ferestrele tale nu sunt la fel de murdare ca ale mele.)

    Not as important as/ not so important as (adj. lung)

  • I think Japanese is not so important as English.

  • (Cred ca japoneza nu e asa importanta ca engleza.)

    Not as bad as/ not so bad as (adj. neregulat)

  • Your children are not so bad as mine.

  • (Copiii tai nu sunt asa de rai ca ai mei.)

Slide 13

Constructii care folosesc gradele de comparatie – Din ce in ce mai….

  • Pentru adjective scurte si neregulate:

    Comparativ de superioritate + and + comparativ de superioritate

  • Unfortunately our parents are older and older.

    (Din nefericire parintii nostri sunt din ce in ce mai batrani.)

  • Your English is better and better.

    (Engleza ta este din ce in ce mai buna.)

  • He has more and more knowledge about English.

    (Are din ce in ce mai multe cunostinte despre Engleza.)

Slide 14

Constructii care folosesc gradele de comparatie – Din ce in ce mai….

  • Pentru adjective lungi:

    More and more + adjectiv

  • Your little child is more and more intelligent.

    (Copilasul tau este din ce in ce mai inteligent.)

  • Food is more and more expensive nowadays.

    (Mancarea este din ce in ce mai scumpa in zilele noastre.)

Slide 15

Constructii care folosesc gradele de comparatie – cu cât… cu atât…

  • Pentru toate adjectivele:

    The + comparativ de superioritate + S + V, the + comparativ de superioritate + S + V

  • The greater the effort is, the more satisfactory it will be.

    (Cu cat este mai mare efortul, cu atat mai satisfacator va fi.)

  • The more interesting the book becomes, the more anxious we are.

    (Cu cat mai interesanta devine cartea, cu atat mai nerabdatori suntem.)

  • The shorter the nights, the longer the days.

    (Cu cat (sunt) mai scurte noptile, cu atat (sunt) mai lungi zilele.)

Slide 16

Constructii idiomatice:

  • So much the better = cu atat mai bine

  • So much the worse = cu atat mai rau

  • So much the more = cu atat mai mult

  • So much the less = cu atat mai putin



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