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Syntax Part 1. James Mellin, Trevor McManus, and Steven Ren. Terms of Focus. Syntax Subject and Predicate Direct Object Indirect Object Appositive Simple, compound, and complex sentences. Syntax. Sentence Structure

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syntax part 1

Syntax Part 1

James Mellin, Trevor McManus, and Steven Ren

terms of focus
Terms of Focus
  • Syntax
  • Subject and Predicate
  • Direct Object
  • Indirect Object
  • Appositive
  • Simple, compound, and complex sentences

Sentence Structure

-The sequence and connection of the words phrases and clauses that constitute the sentences in a work

sentence structure
Sentence Structure

An English sentence must contain a subject and a predicate. It can stand alone as a grammatical unit or an independent clause.

Ex.- The old womanshopped for groceries.

(subject) (predicate)

Direct Object: Completes the predicate by indicating who or what receives the action expressed by the verb. Ex: Emma paint a portrait of Harriet.
  • Indirect Object: Noun or pronoun that indicates to whom or for whom an action is done. Ex: Olivia gives a ring to Viola.
  • Appositive: A noun or noun phrase that describes or equates with a nearby noun or pronoun. Ex: Darcy, a supremely proud aristocrat, at first snubs Elizabeth Bennet.
kinds of sentences
Kinds of Sentences
  • Simple Sentence: Consists of a single independent clause. Ex: Jane rebels.
  • Compound Sentence: Contains more than one independent clause, with no subordinate clauses.

Ex: Odysseus never gives up hope, and eventually he triumphs.

  • Complex Sentence: Not only has independent clause, but one or more subordinate clauses. Ex: When Romeo first sees Juliet, he falls instantly in love with her.