Poetry is a gift
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Jane Nitschke. Poetry is a gift . Poetry Lifts the veil from the hidden beauty of the world, and makes familiar objects be as if they were not familiar . Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822), English poet. A Defense of Poetry (written 1821; published 1840 )

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Poetry is a gift

Jane Nitschke

Poetry is a gift

Poetry Lifts the veil from the hidden beauty of the world, and makes familiar objects be as if they were not familiar.

Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822), English poet. A Defense of Poetry (written 1821; published 1840)

A prose writer gets tired of writing prose, and wants to be a poet.  So he begins every line with a capital letter, and keeps on writing prose. ~Samuel McChord Crothers, "Every Man's Natural Desire to Be Somebody Else" The Dame School of Experience, 1920

Poetry is life distilled.  ~Gwendolyn Brooks,

Harlem Renaissance poet


How do you unwrap a poem

Jane Nitschke

How do you unwrap a poem?

Look at a poem

Shape

Punctuation

Grammar

Read the poem. What can you find:

Metaphors? Similes? Imagery?

Symbolism? Rhythm? Meter?

Listen to a poem. Do you hear or feel:

Rhythm? Rhyme?

Fear? Sadness? Happiness? Anger?


Understanding comparisons

Jane Nitschke

Jane Nitschke

UnderstandiNG COMPARISONS

SIMILE

  • compares two things using the words

    “like” or “as”

  • compares two things that are not similar.

  • Example: She was as cool as a cucumber!

    METAPHOR

  • compares two things but does NOT

    use “like” or “as

  • Can use the words “is” or “are.”

  • Example: LOVE STINKS!


Symbolism imagery

  • Jane Nitschke & Loretta Hunt

Symbolism & Imagery

Poets use images & symbols” to describe feelings and impressions.

  • Symbols stand for more than the words:

    The United States,

    Democracy

    Freedom

    Prosperity

    Old Glory

  • Images are descriptive

    “My daughter’s hugs warm my heart”


A boom of african american art music and literature in the 20 s and 30 s in harlem new york

Loretta Hunt

A boom of African American Art, Music, and Literature in the 20’s and 30’s in Harlem, New York


Poetry is a gift

Harlem Renaissance & Poetry

  • What is the Harlem Renaissance and why is it important?

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7iAhkxZvFHI&feature=related

  • Some amazing poets: Langston Hughes, Countee Cullen, Gwendolyn B. Bennett and Georgia Douglas Johnson, Claude McKay, Arna Bontemps, James Weldon Johnson

Jane Nitschke


Harlem wine by count e cullen

Harlem WineBy Countée Cullen

This is not water running here,

These thick rebellious streams

That hurtle flesh and bone past fear

Down alleyways of dreams

This is a wine that must flow on

Not caring how or where

So it has ways to flow upon

Where song is in the air.

So it can woo an artful flute

With loose elastic lips

Its measurements of joy compute

With blithe, ecstatic hips.

Loretta Hunt

"imagery" = mental pictures using your 5 senses

"symbolism" = the meanings those images have beyond their literal elements.

Both are used to express emotions.

The wine symbolizes the blood of African Americans.

Images of flowing water, flesh, music…


Scanning harlem wine

  • The Pattern:

    Each line alternates iambic tetrameter with iambic trimeter.

  • The Exception:

    “This is a wine that must flow on” (line 5)

    “flow on” is a spondee

The Question:

Why did Cullen choose to emphasize the words in line 5?

Janice Teel

Scanning “Harlem Wine”


The rhyme scheme

This is not water running here, (A)

These thick rebellious streams (B)

That hurtle flesh and bone past fear (A)

Down alleyways of dreams (B)

This is a wine that must flow on (C)

Not caring how or where (D)

So it has ways to flow upon (C)

Where song is in the air. (D)

So it can woo an artful flute (E)

With loose elastic lips (F)

Its measurements of joy compute (E)

With blithe, ecstatic hips. (F)

Question: If the poem were to continue, can you predict the rhyme scheme of the next stanza?

Janice Teel

The Rhyme Scheme


Types of rhyme

Perfect RhymesSight Rhymes

here/fear flute/compute

streams/dreams

where/air Internal Rhymes

lips/hips flow/how (also sight)

woo/loose (also slant)

This/is

Janice Teel

Types of Rhyme


Enjambment

Enjambment occurs when a sentence continues from one line to the next.

Example:

That hurtle flesh and bone past fear

Down alleyways of dreams...(lines 3 -4)

Questions: How does enjambment emphasize words and ideas? How many sentences do you see? Janice Teel

Enjambment


Dream boogie by langston hughes

DREAM BOOGIEBy Langston Hughes

Good morning, daddy!

Ain't you heard

The boogie-woogie rumble

Of a dream deferred?

Listen closely:

You'll hear their feet

Beating out and Beating out a --

You think

It's a happy beat?

Listen to it closely:

Ain't you heard

something underneath

like a --

What did I say?

Sure,

I'm happy!

Take it away!

Hey, pop!

Re-bop!

Mop!

Y-e-a-h!

Daddy could symbolize the white patron that African Americans relied on to pursue their art.

An example of musical Imagery used to express emotion of the characters

Loretta Hunt


Harlem by langston hughes

Loretta Hunt

HarlemBy Langston Hughes

(sometimes referred to as “Dream Deferred”)

What happens to a dream deferred?

Does it dry up like a raisin in the sun?

Or fester like a sore— And then run? 


Does it stink like rotten meat?

Or crust and sugar over—like a syrupy sweet?

Maybe it just sags like a heavy load.

Or does it explode?

Simile - likens the original dream

to a round, juicy, green, fresh grape

–once neglected it dries up

Imagery of touch; a wound that is not healing symbolizes growing resentment

Imagery of taste, sight, decay and waste

Metaphor: compares the dream to something that blows up.


Poetry is a gift1

Jane Nitschke

Poetry is a gift

Examine the bright wrapping paper,

Carefully unwrap the tissue paper inside

Share the gift of

your poetry


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