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Data Types and Variables Lesson 6!. Data Type!. Computers are all about Data! Data can be in the form of Text Dates Sounds Pictures. Visual Basic supports the following data types: Data Type Range Whole Number: Integer -32,768 to 32,767 Long -2,147,483,648 to 2,147,483,647

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data type
Data Type!

Computers are all about Data!

Data can be in the form of

  • Text
  • Dates
  • Sounds
  • Pictures
slide3
Visual Basic supports the following data types:

Data TypeRange

Whole Number:

Integer -32,768 to 32,767

Long -2,147,483,648 to

2,147,483,647

Decimal Number:

Single -3,402823E+38 to

3,402823E+38

Double -1,79769313486232E+308

to 1,79769313486232E+308

slide4
Data TypeRange

Other Types:

String 1 to about 65,000

characters

Date January 1, 100 to

December 31, 9999

Boolean True or False

variable
Variable!

Definition:

Memory locations where temporary data is stored.

facts about variables
Facts about Variables.
  • Variables are a common feature of programming languages.
  • Variables can be used to store and manipulate all kinds of data.
  • Variables get their name from the fact that the value can vary as the program runs.
  • You can assign values to variables using the assignment operator. (=)
  • You should declare variables before you use them.
declaring variables
Declaring Variables
  • The first step to using a variable in your program is to:
    • Let the compiler know that you want to set up a memory location as a variable.
    • What you want to call the variable.
    • What data type you want the variable to have.
  • The above process is called declaring a variable!
example
Example:

To declare a variable, use the Dim statement as show below.

Dim VariableName As DataType

The following declare a variable named intAnswer with the Integer data type.

Dim intAnswer As Integer

rules for naming variables
Rules for Naming Variables!

When naming variables, keep the following rules in mind.

  • Variable names must begin with an alphabetic character ( a letter).
  • Following the first character, letters, numbers, and the underscore (_) are allowed.
  • Variable names cannot include any spaces.
  • Variable names can be up to 255 character long.
using the prefix rule
Using the Prefix Rule!

PrefixData TypeExample

int Integer intPeople

lng Long lngInches

sng Single sngWeight

dbl Double dblMass

str String strName

dte Date dteAnniversary

bln Boolean blnSold

slide11
Example Program:

Open VB and create a new form the looks like the following:

slide12
Add 5 labels.
  • Set the name properties to the following:

Label1 should be lblAgeYears

Label2 should be lblMonths

Label3 should be lblYou

Label4 should be lblOutputMonths

Label5 should be lblAgeMonths

slide13
Set the Name property of the form to frmMonths and the caption to Month Converter.
  • Set the captions of the five labels to:

Age in years:

Months since last birthday

You are

X

months old.

slide14
Add two text boxes to your form.
  • Set the name of the text boxes to

txtYears

txtMonths

  • Add one command button.
  • Set the name of the command button to cmdMonths
  • Set the caption to Calculate age in months
slide15
Change the properties of the following labels to false.

lblYou, lblOutputMonths, lblAgemonths

  • Double-click the Calculate age in months button.
  • Key Dim intMonths As Integer at the top of the event procedure and press the Enter key twice.
slide16
Enter the following:

\'Calculate Months

intMonths = (Val(txtYears.Text) * 12) + _

Val(txtMonths.Text)

\'Display Number of Months Old

lblOutputMonths.Caption = intMonths

lblYou.Visible = True

lblOutputMonths.Visible = True

lblAgemonths.Visible = True

slide17
Run and fix your errors.
  • Enter 5 in the Age in years text box.
  • Enter 4 in the Months since last birthday text box.
  • Click the Calculate age in months button.

What is your output?

summary
Summary
  • Data can be in the form of numbers, text, dates, pictures, and even sound.
  • Visual Basic supports a set of data types.
  • There are data types for whole numbers, floating point numbers (decimals), text, dates, and more.
  • You can choose to store data in memory locations called variables.
summary1
Summary
  • The first step to using a variable is to declare it using the Dim statement.
  • When naming variables, keep the naming rules in mind. It is also a good idea to use naming prefixes to identify the data type of the variable.
  • You should declare variables before you use them.
  • You can assign values to variables using the assignment operator (=).
slide20
Homework:

Pick up a worksheet before

you leave!

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