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By: Travis Leiter. Passive Solar Energy. What is “passive” solar energy. Passive solar energy is also known as “passive solar design” or “climate design”. Houses and building are designed with the idea of obtaining heat during the winter and keeping heat out during the summer.

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By travis leiter

By: Travis Leiter

Passive Solar Energy


What is passive solar energy
What is “passive” solar energy

  • Passive solar energy is also known as “passive solar design” or “climate design”.

  • Houses and building are designed with the idea of obtaining heat during the winter and keeping heat out during the summer.

  • Also used as free light to brighten buildings.


Unlike active solar energy, passive solar energy uses no mechanical or electric parts.

ACTIVE

Passive


Cont. mechanical or electric parts.

  • There are varying degrees of passive solar energy. Some houses simply have south facing windows while others design every inch to be efficient.

  • Few windows on the

    north side because

    winter winds generally

    come from the North.


Elements of passive solar design
Elements of Passive Solar Design mechanical or electric parts.

Solar Chimney (ventilation)

Overhang: very important

Vents


Solar chimney
Solar Chimney mechanical or electric parts.

  • The idea has been used for centuries in the Middle

    East and

    Mediterranean Europe.

  • Sun heats the black chimney causing

    hot air updraft

    pulling heat out of

    the home.

  • Vents and Chimneys can be

    closed in order to save heat/cold


Solar updraft tower larger
Solar Updraft Tower: Larger mechanical or electric parts.

Larger UPDRAFT towers heat greenhouse like areas underneath the tower and the hot air updraft spins turbines to generate electricity.


Thermal mass or r value
Thermal Mass or R-Value mechanical or electric parts.

  • TM and R-Value is the amount of heat a material absorbs per unit.

  • Concrete, brick, and stone.

  • Absorb a lot of heat and release slowly.


How is it used
How is it used? mechanical or electric parts.

  • Passive energy is used as space heating or space cooling depending on the season.

  • Design is used to make sure both heat and cold are locked in when needed.


Advantages
Advantages mechanical or electric parts.

  • Completely Free (besides initial design)

  • Energy Efficient

  • Saves fossil fuels

  • Cost effective, can reduce heating costs by 50%

  • “Daylighting” also reduces electric bills.

  • Not an eyesore

  • Has no pollution at all


Disadvantages
Disadvantages mechanical or electric parts.

  • Costs more than a conventional home to build

  • Inexperienced builders can use wrong materials

  • Intricate building materials

  • Difficulty planning design

  • In the summer, daylighting can actually increase costs for cooling


Impact to environment
Impact to Environment? mechanical or electric parts.

  • Virtually none.

  • Only pollutants are those created in the production the materials like glass, insulation, and flooring.


Where is it used
Where is it used? mechanical or electric parts.

  • Passive Solar Energy is produced and used in the exact same spot.

  • Used in developed countries, mainly, due to having the upfront money to research and fund the technology

    and materials.


Developing country usage
Developing Country Usage mechanical or electric parts.

  • The water bottle lighting used in the Philippines is an instance of Passive Solar Energy used in a developing country. Although in a much more primitive sense.


Can it replace conventional energy
Can it replace conventional energy? mechanical or electric parts.

  • Passive Solar Energy is much more cost effective and environmental friendly than any other fuel source but is not the answer.

  • Since it is not active, this energy cannot create the electricity needed for modern life.


Cost? mechanical or electric parts.

Minimum of 10% more than conventional homes

  • Cost is hard to determine, but A/C and heating are cut in half.

  • Electricity bills are also decreased.

  • Lasts a long time with little need of repair.

  • Savings are consistent

  • Medium sized installation cost for home Solar panel system$6,482.70.

  • Active Solar Energy can provide electricity for ALL appliances


Realistic
Realistic? mechanical or electric parts.

  • Passive Solar Energy is a great add on to a house or building but isn’t the whole solution.

  • Only provides efficiency to heating, cooling, and electricity, doesn’t actually create them.

  • Active fuels like coal, oil, natural gas, or even wind and active solar are still needed!


Future
Future? mechanical or electric parts.

  • Passive Solar Energy doesn’t have to be restricted to houses. On a larger scale, like the updraft towers, this form of energy can create electricity so there is hope for a cleaner energy future!

  • It’s in our hands

    now.


Thanks for listening
Thanks for listening. mechanical or electric parts.


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