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ySafxd lekurk , oa ekuo fodkl. fujkyk fodkl lfefr ] chdkusj. ySafxd lekurk , oa ekuo fodkl. ySafxd lekurk o ekuo fodkl. ekuo fodkl ds vuqlkj fodkl dk rkRi;Z ,d , slh izfdz;k ls gS ftlesa yksxksa ds fodYiksa (choices) dks c<+ k;k tk ldsA blds rhu vfHkUu vax gaS %& lcds fy , lekurk

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ySafxdlekurk ,oaekuofodkl

fujkykfodkllfefr] chdkusj


Ysafxd lekurk o ekuo fodkl

ySafxdlekurk ,oaekuofodkl

ySafxdlekurk o ekuofodkl

ekuofodkldsvuqlkjfodkldkrkRi;Z ,d ,slhizfdz;klsgSftlesayksxksadsfodYiksa(choices) dks c<+k;ktkldsAbldsrhuvfHkUuvaxgaS%&

lcdsfy, lekurk

ih<+h njih<+h buvoljksadkscuk;s j[kuk

yksxksadkl’kfDrdj.krkfdosfodkl dh izfdz;kesaHkkxyssldas o mldkykHkmBkldsa

3

fujkykfodkllfefr] chdkusj


Fyax vksj ts mj

ySafxdlekurk ,oaekuofodkl

fyaxvkSjts.Mj

  • fyaxefgykvksa o iq:"kksa dh tUelsizkIr o vifjorZu’khytSfodfLFkfr¼Biological state of being male or female, born with, cannot be changed½gSA

  • ts.Mjlkekftd :Ikls] tUelsugha] ifjofrZr dh tkldusokyhfLFkfrgS¼Socially constructed, not born with- can be changed½

  • vr% ts.Mj]

  • efgykvksadknwljk 'kkfCndvFkZughagS]

  • dsoyefgykvksalslEcfU/krughagS] vkSj

  • fyaxHksndksiznf’kZrughadjrkgSA

  • ts.MjdklEcU/k] mu fu;eksa] ekin.Mksa] jhfrfjokt+ksalsgS& ftuds }kjkefgykvksa o iq:"kksadstSfodvUrjksadkslkekftd :ilsfufeZrefgykvksa o iq:"kksavkSjckyd o ckfydkvksads :iesaifjofrZrdjfn;ktkrkgSAifj.kkeLo:inksuksadksfHkUu :ilsekufn;ktkrkgSvkSjmuds thou dsvoljksa o :fp;ksaesaHksnHkkogksrktkrkgSA

4

fujkykfodkllfefr] chdkusj


Ts mj fo ys k k dh vko drk

ySafxdlekurk ,oaekuofodkl

ts.Mjfo’ys"k.k dh vko’;drk

  • efgykvksavkSjiq:"kksads e/; mudsfof/kdvf/kdkjksa] fodkldsvoljksavkSjmRikndrklstqM+slalk/kuksa rd mudhigaqp o jktuhfrdHkkxhnkjhvkfndslca/k esavlekurkvksadksfpfUgrdjukA

  • ekuofodkl dh izfdz;kdsvuqlkjlHkhyksxksadsfodYiksaesa c<+ksrjhgksuhpkfg, u fdlektdsfdlh ,d oxZdhA

  • izkphudkylsghfL=;ksadslkFkySafxdvk/kkjijgksjgsHksnHkkodksjksdukA

5

fujkykfodkllfefr] chdkusj


Tks mj ls lecfu kr egroiw kz lalfkk sa

ySafxdlekurk ,oaekuofodkl

Tks.MjlslEcfU/kregRoiw.kZlaLFkk,sa

  • ifjokj

  • leqnk;

  • laLFkk,sa

  • jkT;

6

fujkykfodkllfefr] chdkusj


Yasfxd lekurk ds fofhkuu igyw

ySafxdlekurk ,oaekuofodkl

yaSfxdlekurkdsfofHkUuigyw

  • lHkhdsfy, lkekftdlsok] i<+kbZ o LokLF;

  • jktuSfrd o vkfFkZduhfrfu.kZ;ksaesaHkkxhnkjhdslekuvolj

  • lekudk;Zdsfy, lekuosru

  • fof/k dsvUrxZrlHkhdkslekulqj{kk

  • efgykvksadsfo:) fgalk o fyaxdsvk/kkjijHksnHkkodksnwjdjuk

  • lHkhukxfjdksadksdk;Z {ks= o futh {ks=ksaesalekuvf/kdkjnsuk

7

fujkykfodkllfefr] chdkusj


Efgykvksa vksj iq kksa dh vlekurkvksa dk ekiu

ySafxdlekurk ,oaekuofodkl

efgykvksavkSjiq:"kksa dh vlekurkvksadkekiu

  • ts.MjlslEcfU/krlwpdkad¼Gender related Index-GDI-½

  • ts.MjlEcfU/krlwpdkadlsefgykvksavkSjiq:"kksa dh vlekurkvksadksekiktkrkgS A

  • ts.Mjl’kfDrdj.keki(Gender Empowerment Measurement – GEM)ts.Mjl’kfDrdj.kekilsefgykvksavkSjiq:"kkas dh vkfFkZd ,oajktuSfrdfu.kZ; 'kfDrrFkkO;kolkf;d ,oadk;Z {ks= esamudhlfØ; HkkxhnkjhdksekirsgaSAts.Mjl’kfDrdj.k }kjk ;g Hkhn’kkZ;ktkrkgSfdefgykvkSjiq:"k fdllhek rd viuh {kerkvksadkmi;ksxdjrsgq, fodkldsvoljksadkQk;nkmBkrsgSa A

8

fujkykfodkllfefr] chdkusj


Ysafxd vlekurkvksa ds fofhkuu igyw

ySafxdlekurk ,oaekuofodkl

ySafxdvlekurkvksadsfofHkUuigyw

  • vlekue`R;qnjsa

  • vlekumRifrØe

  • ewyHkwrlqfo/kkvksa dh vlekurk

  • fo’ks"kvoljksa dh vlekurk

  • O;kolkf;dvlekurk

  • LokfeRo dh vlekurk

  • ikfjokfjdvlekurk

9

fujkykfodkllfefr] chdkusj


Lakos kkfud izko kku

ySafxdlekurk ,oaekuofodkl

LakoS/kkfudizko/kku

  • dkuwuds le{k lekurk&vuqPNsn 14

  • jkT; }kjk /keZ] tkfr] fyax o tUeLFkkudsvk/kkjijfdlhrjgdkHksnHkko u gksuk &vuqPNsn 15¼1½

  • efgykvksa o cPpkasdsfy, fo’ks"kizko/kkucukuk&vuq- 15¼3½

  • lHkhukxfjdksadksjkstxkjdslekuvoljmiyC/k djkuk&vuq-16

  • jkT; uhfr }kjkefgykvksavkSjiq:"kksadksvkthfodkdsiw.kZvf/kdkjiznkudjuk &vuq-37

  • efgykvksavkSjiq:"kksadkslekudk;Zdsfy, lekuosru&vuq-39

  • jkT; }kjkdk;Zdsfy, mfprvkSjekuoh; okrkoj.k ,oaekr`Rolgk;rkdsfy, izko/kkucukuk&vuq-42

  • 'kkafrdks c<+koknsukvkSjefgykvksadsLokfHkekudksgkfuigqWpkusokysO;ogkjdksjksduk&vuq-51

10

fujkykfodkllfefr] chdkusj


Ekfgyk l kfdrdj k

ySafxdlekurk ,oaekuofodkl

Ekfgykl’kfDrdj.k

  • efgykvksadsfy, voljiznkudjusgsrqvf/kdvk; dkgksukvfuok;ZughagSAefgykl’kfDrdj.kvkfFkZdrFkkjktuhfrdvoljksarFkkfu.kZ; ysus dh izfdz;kesalgHkkfxrkesavlekurk dh vkSj /;kudsfUnzrdjrkgSA

  • bllsjkT; fo/kkulHkkvksa] laln] ofj"Bvf/kdkfj;ksarFkkizca/kdksa ,oaO;kolkf;dvkSjrduhdhdeZpkfj;ksaesaefgykvksadsizfr’krdkHkh irk yxrkgS A 

  • Hkkjrh; lanHkZesaefgykvksadkntkZiq:"kksads led{k djusdsfy, gekjhfodkllaca/kh ;kstukvksaesa 1980 lsghefgykvksadks ,d Ik`Fkd y{; lewgekufy;kx;kgSA

  • 3 Tkuojh]1992 dksjk"Vªh; efgykvk;ksx dh LFkkiuk dh xbZA

  • bldsvfrfjDr]efgykl’kfDrdj.kjk"Vªh; uhfr 2001 dsvarxZrefgykvkSjf’k’kqfodklfoHkkx }kjklkeF;ZfuekZ.k]jkstxkjrFkkvk; miktZudY;k.k ,oalgk;dlsok,sarFkkySfaxdlaosnu’khyrkds {ks=ksaesaigy dh tkpqdhgSA

11

fujkykfodkllfefr] chdkusj


Jkt esa ysafxd vlekurk dks nwj djus ds fy lfkkfir lalfkkfud ra

ySafxdlekurk ,oaekuofodkl

jkT; esaySafxdvlekurkdksnwjdjusdsfy, LFkkfirlaLFkkfudra=

  • jkT; efgykvk;ksx

  • efgykFkkuk

  • ts.MjlslEcfU/krfo"k;ksadsizfrtkx:drk c<+kusgsrqizf’k{k.k o dk;Z'kkykvksadkvk;kstu

  • ts.MjctfVax

  • jkT; dsuhfrfu.kZ;ksa o vk;kstukfuekZ.kesaefgykvksadksyf{krdjuk

12

fujkykfodkllfefr] chdkusj


Fopkj kh fcunq

f'k{kkds {ks= esa

ckfydkvksadsfy, i`FkdlsVk;ysVftuesaikuh dh lqfo/kkgks

efgyk o iq:"k v/;kidksa dh miyC/krk

Ckkyd o ckfydkvksadsfy, i`Fkd&i`Fkdfo|ky;

XkkWodsutnhdfo|ky;ksa dh miyC/krk

LokLF; ds {ks= esa

Vhdkdj.k

LakLFkkxrizlo

LkEiw.kZikSf"Vdvkgkj

ckfydkvksadksiks"kkgkj] LokLF; lqfo/kk

vU;

ckyfookg dh jksdFkke

Je 'kfDresaHkkxhnkjhdslekuvoljiznkudjkuk

Hkwfe o LkEifresavf/kdkjksa dh deh

:f<+xrijEijkvksalseqfDr

fo"kefyaxvuqikr

vYiizfrfuf/kRo o fu.kZ; dh 'kfDr

ifjokjdsvUnj o ckgjfgalk

dU;kHkwz.kxHkZikr o dU;k o/k

fofHkUuuketSlsMkdu] pqMSyvkfn

lrh] csesyfookgdqjhfr;kavkfn

ySafxdlekurk ,oaekuofodkl

fopkj.kh; fcUnq

13

fujkykfodkllfefr] chdkusj


Ku okn

/kU;okn