Monitoring and evaluation methodology
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MONITORING AND EVALUATION METHODOLOGY. KEVIN P O’KELLY. Draft Report. Introduction Definitions Social Inclusion as a European Issue OMC NAPs Scope of MSI Project Why Mainstreaming?. Draft Report. Poverty, Social Inclusion and Public Policy Participative Methodology

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MONITORING AND EVALUATION METHODOLOGY

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Monitoring and evaluation methodology

MONITORING AND EVALUATION METHODOLOGY

KEVIN P O’KELLY


Draft report

Draft Report

  • Introduction

    • Definitions

  • Social Inclusion as a European Issue

    • OMC

    • NAPs

    • Scope of MSI Project

  • Why Mainstreaming?


Draft report1

Draft Report

  • Poverty, Social Inclusion and Public Policy

  • Participative Methodology

  • Monitoring and Evaluation


Monitoring and evaluation

Monitoring and Evaluation

Structure of the chapter:

  • Define ‘Monitoring;’ and ‘Evaluation’

  • Theory of Evaluation

  • Designing an evaluation scheme (research design)

  • Indicators

  • Evaluating MSI


Monitoring

MONITORING

Monitoring or Process Evaluation:

  • Carried out during implementation

  • How, Why and under what conditions?

  • What happens during implementation?

  • Is implementation in line with original design?


Evaluation

Evaluation

Types of Evaluation

  • Impact or summative

  • Outcome

  • Variation

  • Counterfactual


What is evaluation

What is Evaluation?

A systematic assessment of the operation and/or the outcomes of a programme or policy, compared to a set of explicit or implicit standards, as a means of contributing to the improvement of the programme or policy (C H Weiss, 1998)


What is evaluation1

What is Evaluation?

UK Treasury Green Book


What is evaluation2

What is Evaluation?

F

FEEDBACK


Actors

ACTORS

  • Political / Policy level

  • Administration / Management

  • Service providers

  • Target Groups / Recipients


Design of evaluation

Design of Evaluation

Evaluation Questions

  • Does the policy work?

  • Why does it work?

  • Why (how) should policies work?

    (Robert Walker – June 2004)


Infrastructure for evaluation

1

2

4

6

7

What worked?

Infrastructure for evaluation

Has the policy worked?

Is there a problem?

What policy would work?

POLICY

5

3

Is this policy working?

Will this

policy

work?

Can we make this work?


Evaluation questions

Evaluation Questions

  • Factual

  • Behavioural

  • Attitudinal

  • Knowledge


Design of evaluation1

Design of Evaluation

Twelve Steps

  • Advisory Committee

    • Resources

  • Selection of evaluators

  • Key questions

  • Methodology

  • How to collect data

  • Questionnaire / interview guidelines


Design of evaluation2

Design of Evaluation

  • Target sample

  • Field work

  • Analysis

  • Meta-analysis

  • Write up findings

  • Publication / dissemination


Policy indicators

Policy Indicators

  • Social Policy Committee (Laeken) indicators

    • Low incomes households

    • Long-term unemployed

    • Low education levels

    • Health status

  • ‘In-work’ poor


Policy indicators1

Policy Indicators

  • EAPN Indicators

    • Employment

    • Income levels

    • Housing

    • Health

    • Education

  • Participation and identity

    • Definition


Policy indicators2

Policy Indicators

Participation and Identity - ADefinition:

The percentage share of the population with an income below 60% of the median (national poverty level) that are members of or connected with:

(a range of social, community and cultural activities)


Evaluating msi

Evaluating MSI

  • Mainstreaming is a process

  • Political commitment

  • Involve ALL key stakeholders

  • Realistic expectations


Evaluating msi1

Evaluating MSI

Design issues:

  • What target groups?

  • What outcomes?

  • Quality of data

  • Comparison of small and large units

  • Collection of data at point of delivery (local level)

  • Challenge of ‘Silo’ policies


Evaluating msi2

Evaluating MSI

  • Access to data

  • What level of governance is mainstreaming implemented?

  • Political environment / decision-making

  • Structures

  • Link between governance roles

  • Culture

  • Different criteria for success


Msi question

MSI Question

Does Mainstreaming of Social Inclusion have an impact on the policy process and outcomes? If so, can it be measured?

  • European level: NAPs/incl. & OMC

  • Implementation level of NAPs/incl.


Stephen donnelly paper

Stephen Donnelly Paper

  • Mainstreaming issues

    • Any measurement of mainstreaming will effectively be a measurement of qualitative processes … the ultimate purpose of mainstreaming is to produce measurable poverty reduction outcomes.

    • A key challenge in attempting to determine how far poverty reduction activities are mainstreamed centres on the subjectivity of any measurement tools that are put in place


Stephen donnelly paper1

Stephen Donnelly Paper

Measuring ‘Mainstreaming’ is subjective!

How to define:

  • Political will /leadership

  • Partnership

  • Ownership

  • Cross-departmental working?


Stephen donnelly paper2

Stephen Donnelly Paper

  • ‘Positive action’ initiatives are NOT mainstreaming

  • However, mainstreaming doesn’t preclude ‘positive action’

  • ‘Poverty Proofing’


Stephen donnelly paper3

Stephen Donnelly Paper

A number of elements which are fundamental to mainstreaming:

  • Leadership

  • Structures

  • Capacity and skills

  • Community participation and

    engagement

  • Research and evaluation

Why Mainstreaming?


Stephen donnelly paper4

Stephen Donnelly Paper

Draft Measurement Framework:

  • Political Leadership and sponsorship

  • Executive leadership and strategies

  • Capacity

  • Structures

  • Data, research and evaluation

  • Community engagement and participation


Stephen donnelly paper5

Stephen Donnelly Paper

Poses the question: is

social auditing / theory of change

an alternative to Mainstreaming?


Measuring mainstreaming

Measuring Mainstreaming

  • Qualitative?

  • Quantitative?

  • Combination?


Monitoring and evaluation methodology

EVALUATION TYPOLOGY II FOR MAINSTREAMING SOCIAL INCLUSION

CONTEXT (EU; National; Regional; Local // Economic; Demographic; Social; Cultural; etc.)

Mainstreaming

Social Inclusion

Features

Process

Outcomes

  • Cross-cutting

  • Policy development

  • Participation

  • Monitoring and evaluation

  • Political commitment

  • Inputs (resources)

  • Organisation of resources

  • Outputs

  • Indicators

Definition

EVALUATION QUESTIONS

(Robert Walker)

  • What worked?

  • How did it work?

  • Has the policy worked?

  • How did it (not) work?

  • Is this policy working?

  • How is it working?

  • Is there a problem?

  • What is the problem?

  • What policy would work?

  • How would it work?

  • Will this policy work?

  • How will it (not) work?

  • Can we make this policy work?

  • How can we make it work?

  • REQUIRMENTS FOR

  • EVALUATION

  • Clear Policy Objectives

  • Clear ‘Theory of Change’

  • Clear Evaluation Objectives

  • KEY QUESTIONS EVALUATION OF MSI:

  • What would be good evaluation questions on the process of mainstreaming (Mst.)?

  • Can we build a scenario for an evaluation framework to a) identify & b) measure the impact of Mst.?

  • Do we have the tools to analysis the process and measure the impact? If ‘no’, how do we get the tools?

  • Can we identify evaluation processes of Mst. in the different Member States?

  • Why Mst? Is it better?

Revised Research Question

  • EVIDENCE

  • Case studies by

  • Theme

  • Country

  • Governance level

  • Meta-analysis (JIMs, JIRs)

  • Theory of change

  • Scale of features

  • Interviews with key actors

SCENARIOS OF EVALUATION FRAMEWORK

e.g. Is Mts. a process / tool or a policy?

No counterfactual


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