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Malcolm Knowles Adult Learning Theory. Patricia Farley MS RN CNE Walden University EdD Student EDUC 8101. Questions to be addressed?. What is andragogy? What are Malcolm Knowles assumptions of adult learning? What are some limitations of Knowles adult learning theory?. Andragogy.

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Malcolm knowles adult learning theory

Malcolm Knowles Adult Learning Theory

Patricia Farley MS RN CNE

Walden University

EdD Student

EDUC 8101


Questions to be addressed
Questions to be addressed?

  • What is andragogy?

  • What are Malcolm Knowles assumptions of adult learning?

  • What are some limitations of Knowles adult learning theory?


Andragogy
Andragogy

  • andragogy

  • Alexander Kapp


Malcolm knowles

Father of adult learning

Harvard University

Director of YMCA

Astronomy class

The Modern Practice of Adult Education: Andragogy vs. Pedagogy

Published over 230 articles & 18 books

Malcolm Knowles



Six assumptions of andragogy
Six Assumptions of Andragogy

  • Self concept

  • Learner’s experience

  • Readiness to learn

  • Orientation to learning

  • Motivation to learn

  • Need to know


Self concept
Self Concept

  • Adults are actively involved in decisions that affect themselves


The role of the learner s experience
The Role of the Learner’s Experience

  • Adults come into educational activities with experience


Readiness to learn
Readiness to Learn

  • Adults are ready to learn when they need new information to cope effectively with life situations.


Orientation to learning
Orientation to Learning

  • Adult learning experiences should be structured around life situations.


Motivation to learn
Motivation to Learn

  • Motivated by internal pressures


The need to know
The Need to Know

  • Adults must recognize the necessity of learning something prior to starting the process of learning.


Strengths of knowles theory
Strengths of Knowles Theory

  • A set of core adult learning principles

  • Can be applied to all adult learning situations


Limitations of knowles theory
Limitations of Knowles Theory

  • Based on observation and experience

  • No valid measurement tool

  • Various order of assumptions

  • Adult experiences may be negative

  • These assumptions can relate to children

  • The impact of culture, race, gender or environment not mentioned


Summary
Summary

  • Andragogy remains the best known model of adult learning

  • All theories have strengths/weaknesses.

  • No single theory explains how every adult learns.


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