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The Civil War. An Introduction. Fort Sumter. Fort Sumter located in Charleston South Carolina Lincoln sends “food for hungry men” Davis orders attack on April 12, 1861 Fort Sumter surrenders. Lincoln’s Call. Lincoln calls for 75,000 volunteers Response overwhelming in the North

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The civil war

The Civil War

An Introduction


Fort sumter
Fort Sumter

  • Fort Sumter located in Charleston South Carolina

  • Lincoln sends “food for hungry men”

  • Davis orders attack on April 12, 1861

  • Fort Sumter surrenders


Lincoln s call
Lincoln’s Call

  • Lincoln calls for 75,000 volunteers

  • Response overwhelming in the North

  • Provokes a different reaction in the South


Virginia secedes
Virginia Secedes

  • Unwilling to fight against rest of South

  • Terrible loss for Union

  • Most heavily populated state in South

  • Most industrialized state in South


Expectations
Expectations

  • Both sides predicted a short war

  • Soldiers left to fight with bands playing and crowds cheering

“The die was cast; war was declared…and we were all afraid it would be over and we [would] not be in the fight”

- Sam Watkins, Confederate Soldier


Union strategies
Union Strategies

  • Anaconda Plan

  • 3 parts:

    • Union navy would blockade Southern ports

    • Split the Confederacy in two at Mississippi River

    • Capture Confederate capital Richmond, Virginia


Confederate strategies
Confederate Strategies

  • Defensive Strategy

  • Protect their homeland

  • Generals encouraged to invade the North


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