India s vehicle population is growing rapidly as is oil consumption co2 emissions
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India’s Vehicle Population Is Growing Rapidly As Is Oil Consumption & CO2 Emissions. Fuel Economy Labeling & Standards Are Coming To India. Many Technologies Available Improved Transmissions GDI Hybrids Diesels. India has a chance to emerge as a global fuel economy and CO2 leader.

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Fuel economy labeling standards are coming to india l.jpg
Fuel Economy Labeling & Standards Are Coming To India Consumption & CO2 Emissions

Many Technologies Available

Improved Transmissions

GDI

Hybrids

Diesels


India has a chance to emerge as a global fuel economy and co2 leader l.jpg
India has a chance to emerge as a Consumption & CO2 Emissionsglobal fuel economy and CO2 leader


But co2 is not the whole story l.jpg
But CO2 Is Not The Whole Story Consumption & CO2 Emissions

Particles

Greenhouse gases

Black carbon (R&C, 2008)

CH4

CO2

Halo-carbons

Black carbon (IPCC, 2007) Orange: Dirty Snow Effect

Sulfates

Nitrates

Organic carbon

Dust


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Modern Diesel? Consumption & CO2 Emissions


Bc has a significant impact on global warming l.jpg

Co-emissions of organic carbon and/or other particles may partially offset BC warming

Direct BC warming is large at the global (and regional) scale

BC deposition on snow has a strong warming effect

BC has a Significant Impact on Global Warming

Sources: IPCC AR4 WG1 2007 for all except Ramanathan & Carmichael 2008 BC bar


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Black Carbon Reduces Diesel Benefit partially offset BC warming

All Diesel Versus Gasoline

Diesel Benefit

CO2-only

18%

Euro 3/4 Diesel Without DPF Versus Gasoline

CO2 +

Black Carbon

2%

Average CO2-equivalent Emissions, GWP20 (g/km)

Source: ICCT Analysis

Results are preliminary and have not yet been reviewed by ICCT participants.


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Emission Controls partially offset BC warmingEnhance Diesel Benefit

Euro 3/4 Diesel without DPF vs Petrol

Benefit

2%

Diesel with DPF vs Petrol

17%

Source: ICCT Analysis

Results are preliminary and have not yet been reviewed by ICCT participants.


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Delhi partially offset BC warming



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