Growing Sentences. The Tree Trunk. Who or What + Action. (Subject + Predicate) The boy ran . W/W + A and A. The boy ran and jumped. W/W + A, A, and A. The boy ran, jumped, and laughed. “When” words. When While During After Before Until As soon as.
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(Subject + Predicate)
The boy ran.
The boy ran and jumped.
The boy ran, jumped, and laughed.
The boy danced during the fiesta.
During the fiesta, the boy danced.
The boy danced because he was happy.
Because he was happy, the boy danced.
The boy danced on the dance floor.
On the dance floor, the boy danced.
Words that begin a Condition branch
W/W + A + Condition Branch.
Do not put a comma between the trunk and the branch when the branch is AFTER the trunk.
You must work hard if you want to get paid.
Condition branch, W/W + A.
Put a comma between the trunk and the branch when the branch is before the trunk.
Although they were hungry, they didn’t want to leave the movie.
Eagerly the hunter moved.
The water skier skied skillfully.
The thief cautiously opened the door.
(adverb prepositional phrase)
With all of his effort he pushed on the door.
The child left by bus.
(adverb prepositional phrase/simile)
Like a mother the little girl cared for her dolls.
The teacher shouted directions like a traffic cop.
As quickly as a jackrabbit, my brother dashed out of the house.
The important general saluted.
The tall, magnificent tree
overlooked the canyon.
The monster, cruel and determined, stalked its prey.
*Note the use of commas here.
My sister, Alison, is pregnant with her first child.
Renamer Group (appositive phrase):
The (W/W), a (adjective) RENAMER (group of words describing the renamer), action.
The cat, a beautiful white Persian with long fur, sat on a pillow.
The determined man, a ragged prospector bearing a heavy pack on his back, staggered along the path.
You can expand the noun by adding a group of words beginning with “with” or “without” and placing the group immediately after the noun:
The man with the puppy sat down.
The child without his two front teethwhistled each time he attempted to sing, “Sally sells seashells by the seashore.”
The dog that sniffed the trail belongs to the detective.
The girl who has the dragon tattoo is not someone to be messed with.
The clown wearing the bright orange nose came to my little brother’s birthday party.
The cloud sweeping along the rooftops resembled a fluffy white bunny.
1. The –ing group may be placed before the main sentence. Use a comma.
Weaving in and out of the defensive players, the quarterback scored easily.
2. The –ing group may be placed after the main sentence. Use a comma.
The family played cards for hours, sitting in front of the cozy fire.
Sample –ing groups
Moving very quickly, the boy slipped and fell, hurting himself badly, breaking his wrist as he landed.
The bandit seated at the table pointed his gun.
The girl painted thick with makeup smiled for the picture.
In other words
The –ed word must fit into this frame: The w/w was -ed word by the __________.
Place the group before or after the main sentence:
Tired from the long journey, the salesperson collapsed in the chair.
She played the piano, dressed in her finest gown.
The man fell off the cliff, his loud voice cutting through the wind.
The fireman drove the truck, both handsclutching the steering wheel.
His face contorting with rage like a demon, the manic stormed into her house.
The small child spoke indistinctly, his mouth filled with food.
Our imaginations stimulated by the presentation, we began to write beautiful poetry.
The dog crept toward the fire, its body cold to the bone.
Her stomach empty, the small child sat at the table with little to eat.
We sailed on the bay, our sailboat like a sea gull gliding effortlessly.
Her clinched jaw like a sign of angry disagreement, she listened to her boss’s accusations.
His hand over his heart, he began to say pledge to the flag.
I cautiously drove down the street, my foot near the brake.
The gentleman gave a lecture, his resonant voice a joy to hear.
His sinister smile an obvious sign of evil intent, the wicked man waited to strike.
*The w/w must be a group
The students went to class, someto learn, othersto socialize.
Our entire family went on vacation, Dadto get away from household drudgery, Mom to escape the office, and the children to have fun in the wilds.