Adverbs and prepositions
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Adverbs and Prepositions. Adverb. An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another verb. Just as an adjective makes the meaning of a noun or a pronoun more definite, an adverb makes the meaning of a verb, an adjective or another adverb more definite. Examples

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Adverb
Adverb

  • An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another verb.


  • Just as an adjective makes the meaning of a noun or a pronoun more definite, an adverb makes the meaning of a verb, an adjective or another adverb more definite.

  • Examples

    • Reporters quickly gather the news.

    • The route is too long.

    • Our newspaper carrier delivers the paper very early.


Adverbs answer the following questions
Adverbs answer the following questions pronoun more definite, an adverb makes the meaning of a verb, an adjective or another adverb more definite.

Where?

Please put the package there.

When?

I will call you later.

How?

Softly, I shut my door.

How often or how long?

Alanna always reads science fiction novels.

To what extent or how much?

The lemonade was too sour.


Common adverbs
Common Adverbs pronoun more definite, an adverb makes the meaning of a verb, an adjective or another adverb more definite.

  • Where? here, there, away, up, outside

  • When? now, then, later, soon, ago

  • How? clearly, easily, quietly, slowly

  • How often or how long?

    never, always, often, seldom, usually, forever

  • To what extent or how much?

    very, hardly, almost, really, most, nearly, less



Practice
Practice modify.

  • Williamsburg is a very interesting place.

  • Visitors to Williamsburg can truly imagine what life must have been like in the 1700s.

  • Williamsburg was carefully built to resemble a small town of the past.

  • On one street a wigmaker slowly makes old-fashioned powder wigs.


  • Nearby, a silversmith designs beautiful candlesticks, platters, and jewelry.

  • Down the block, the bookbinder skillfully crafts book covers out of leather.

  • Nowadays, many curious tourists visit the bootmaker’s shop.

  • Another very popular craftsmen makes lovely musical instruments.



  • I ______________ watch TV after school. have visited the past.

  • You will _________ bait a hook yourself.

  • My little sister crept down the stairs _____________.

  • Do you think that you can ___________ find the answer to the math problem?

  • She is ____________ eager for lunch.

  • In the evening, the African drums beat _____________.



Tues feb 7
Tues., Feb. 7 speakers onstage.

  • HW: Workbook Page 8, Exercises A & B


Preposition
Preposition speakers onstage.

  • A preposition is a word that shows the relationship between a noun or a pronoun and another word in the sentence.

    -Your math book is underneath your coat, Allen.

    -The one behind us honked his horn.


  • I hit the ball over the net.

  • I hit the ball into the net.

  • I hit the ball under the net.

  • I hit the ball against the net.

  • I hit the ball across the net.



  • A preposition always has at least on noun or pronoun as an object. This noun or pronoun is called the object of the preposition. The preposition, its object, and any modifiers of the object make up a prepositional phrase. Generally, the object of the preposition follows the preposition.

  • The pile of dry leaves had grown much larger.

  • He poured sauce over the pizza.



Practice1
Practice object. This noun or pronoun is called the

  • Yesterday afternoon, we planted a sapling behind the garage.

  • I bought a pattern for a skirt.

  • They live near the airport.

  • For his birthday, my brother wants a guitar.




  • Our rowboat rests ___________ Mournful Beach. object. This noun or pronoun is called the

  • Follow the path ___________ the treasure.

  • Notice that Skull Rock lies ___________ the cliff

  • A sandy path leads ___________ the stone ruins.

  • Did you jump ___________ the fallen tree along the cliff?


Wed feb 8
Wed., Feb. 8 object. This noun or pronoun is called the

  • HW: Page 9, Exercise A; Page 10, Exercise A


Preposition or adverb
Preposition or Adverb object. This noun or pronoun is called the

  • Some words may be used as both prepositions and adverbs. Remember that a preposition always has at least one noun or pronoun as an object. An adverb never does. If you can’t tell whether a word is used as an adverb or a preposition, look for an object.


  • Preposition object. This noun or pronoun is called the

    • Clouds gathered above us.

  • Adverb

    • Clouds gather above.

  • Preposition

    • Meet me outside the gym tomorrow morning.

  • Adverb

    • Meet me outside tomorrow morning.


  • Before it rains, bring your bike object. This noun or pronoun is called the in.

  • Had you ever seen an authentic Chinese New Year Parade before?

  • Bright red and green lights sparkled down the street.

  • Smoke from the campfire quickly disappeared in the heavy fog.


  • Andy turned the log object. This noun or pronoun is called the over and found, fat, squirming worms.

  • A submarine surfaced next to an aircraft carrier.

  • Will we read a poem by Nikki Giovanni next?


  • Turn that stereo object. This noun or pronoun is called the down right now!

  • Millicent, did you remember to send a thank-you note to Mr. Bernstein?

  • What kind of dog is that?


Thurs feb 9
Thurs., Feb. 9 object. This noun or pronoun is called the

  • HW: Page 9, Exercise B; Page 10, Exercise B


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