Marc machine readable cataloging
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MARC- Machine Readable Cataloging. LI 804 Organization of Information Group Presentation. MARC: Definition. Machine-Readable Cataloging Description Main entry and added entries Subject headings Call number. What is MARC?. Time saving One standard Resource sharing Vendor compatiblity.

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MARC- Machine Readable Cataloging

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Marc machine readable cataloging

MARC- Machine Readable Cataloging

LI 804 Organization of Information Group Presentation


Marc machine readable cataloging

MARC: Definition


What is marc

  • Machine-Readable Cataloging

  • Description

  • Main entry and added entries

  • Subject headings

  • Call number

What is MARC?


Why have marc

  • Time saving

  • One standard

  • Resource sharing

  • Vendor compatiblity

Why Have MARC?


Beginning of the record

  • Leader

  • Directory

  • 008 Field

Beginning of the Record


Example marc beginning of a record

Example: MARC Beginning of a Record


Main parts of the record

  • Field

  • Tag

  • Indicators

  • Subfield

Main Parts of the Record


Example main parts of the record

Example: Main Parts of the Record


More on tagging

X00Personal names

X10 Corporate names

X11Meeting names

X30Uniform titles

X40 Bibliographic titles

X50Topical terms

X51 Geographic names

More on Tagging

0XX Control information, numbers, codes

1XX Main entry

2XX Titles, edition, imprint

3XX Physical description, etc.

4XX Series statements (as shown in the book)

5XX Notes

6XX Subject added entries

7XX Added entries other than subject or series

8XX Series added entries (other authoritative forms)


Common tags

Common Tags

010 Library of Congress Control Number (LCCN)

020 International Standard Book Number (ISBN)

100 Personal name main entry

245 Title information

250 Edition

260 Publication information

300 Physical description

440 Series statement/added entry

520 Annotation or summary note

650 Topical subject heading


Authority control

  • Library of Congress Subject Headings

  • Sears List of Subject Headings

Authority Control


Marc machine readable cataloging

MARC: History


Developing a standard

  • LC-MARC (US-MARC)

  • UK- MARC

Developing a Standard

Dr. Henriette Avram

Mother of MARC

Photo credit: Schudel, M. (2006, May). Henriette Avram, mother of MARC dies.

Library of Congress Information Bulletin, 65(5), 130, 132. Retrieved from http://www.loc.gov/loc/lcib/0605/avram.html


Deviations national marc formats

  • US-MARC- based formats

  • UK-MARC- based formats

  • Independent formats

Deviations: National MARC Formats


Returning to a common standard

  • UNIMARC

  • US-MARC

  • MARC 21

Returning to a Common Standard


Marc machine readable cataloging

MARC: Uses

Photo credit: fabi_k- Fabienne Kneifel(2008, September). Grad Library- Old card catalog. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/fabi_k/3003119330/.

Taken in downtown Ann Arbor, MI


How is marc used

  • Transfer data

  • Standardize information

  • Death of the old card catalog

How is MARC used?


Who uses marc

  • Public, School, Corporate Libraries (and many more)

  • Book vendors

  • Library of Congress (Free)

  • Bibliographic Utilities (not Free)

Who Uses MARC?


How could marc be used

  • Collaboration- Shared Systems

  • Money savings

  • Flexibility

  • Reduction of workload

How Could MARC Be Used?


Marc machine readable cataloging

MARC: Evaluation


Effectiveness opinions of marc

  • Strengths

  • Weaknesses

  • Opinions

Effectiveness & Opinions of MARC


Changes for marc 21

  • MARCXML

  • MODS (Metadata Object Description Schema)

Changes for MARC 21


Marc machine readable cataloging

Resources


Marc machine readable cataloging

  • Avram, H. D. (2003). Machine-readable cataloging (MARC) program. In M. A. Drake (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science (pp. 1712-1730). doi: 10.1081/E-ELIS 120008993

  • Fritz, Deborah A., and Richard J. Fritz. (2003) MARC21 for everyone: a practical guide. Chicago: American Library Association.

  • Intner, S. S. (2007, March/April). The passing of an era. Technicalities, 27(2), 1, 13-14.

  • Kokabi, M. (1996a). The internationalization of MARC Part I: The emergence and divergence of MARC. OCLC Systems & Services, 12(1), 21-31.

  • Kokabi, M. (1996b). The internationalization of MARC Part II: Some MARC formats based on USMARC. OCLC Systems & Services, 12(2), 21-26.

  • Kokabi, M. (1996c). The internationalization of MARC Part III: Some MARC formats based on UKMARC. OCLC Systems & Services, 12(3), 8-11.

  • Kokabi, M. (1996d). The internationalization of MARC Part IV: UNIMARC, some formats based on it and some other MARC formats. OCLC Systems & Services, 12(4), 20-37.

  • Library of Congress. MARC 21: Harmonized USMARC and CAN/MARC. Retrieved from http://www.loc.gov/marc/annmarc21.html

  • Radebaugh, J. (2003, February). MARC goes globaland lite. American Libraries, 34(2), 43-44.

  • Schudel, M. (2006, May). Henriette Avram, mother of MARC dies, Library of Congress Information Bulletin, 65(5), 130, 132. Retrieved from http://www.loc.gov/loc/lcib/0605/avram.html

  • Taylor, A. G., & Joudrey, D. N. (2009). The organization of information(3rd ed.). Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited.

  • Understanding MARC Bibliographic: Parts 1 to 6. (2009, October 27). Library of Congress Home. Retrieved February 28, 2011, fromhttp://www.loc.gov/marc/umb/um01to06.html


Post credits fun fun with catalog card generator http www blyberg net card generator

Post Credits Fun!Fun with Catalog Card Generatorhttp://www.blyberg.net/card-generator/


Marc machine readable cataloging

Photo credit: Travelin Librarian- Michael Sauers (2006, September). Card Catalog Card. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/travelinlibrarian/237669817/


Marc machine readable cataloging

Photo credit: Beancounter parodies- Pam and Anthony (2006, September). Another card catalog extols Parodies. Retrieved from http://beancounters.blogs.com/parodies/2006/09/another_card_ca.html


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