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MARC- Machine Readable Cataloging. LI 804 Organization of Information Group Presentation. MARC: Definition. Machine-Readable Cataloging Description Main entry and added entries Subject headings Call number. What is MARC?. Time saving One standard Resource sharing Vendor compatiblity.

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Marc machine readable cataloging

MARC- Machine Readable Cataloging

LI 804 Organization of Information Group Presentation



What is marc

What is MARC?


Why have marc

  • Time saving

  • One standard

  • Resource sharing

  • Vendor compatiblity

Why Have MARC?


Beginning of the record

Beginning of the Record



Main parts of the record

  • Field

  • Tag

  • Indicators

  • Subfield

Main Parts of the Record



More on tagging

X00  Personal names  

X10  Corporate names  

X11  Meeting names  

X30 Uniform titles  

X40 Bibliographic titles  

X50 Topical terms  

X51 Geographic names

More on Tagging

0XX Control information, numbers, codes

1XX Main entry

2XX Titles, edition, imprint

3XX Physical description, etc.

4XX Series statements (as shown in the book)

5XX Notes

6XX Subject added entries

7XX Added entries other than subject or series

8XX Series added entries (other authoritative forms)


Common tags

Common Tags

010    Library of Congress Control Number (LCCN)

020    International Standard Book Number (ISBN)

100    Personal name main entry

245    Title information

250    Edition

260    Publication information

300    Physical description

440    Series statement/added entry

520    Annotation or summary note

650    Topical subject heading


Authority control

Authority Control



Developing a standard

Developing a Standard

Dr. Henriette Avram

“Mother of MARC”

Photo credit: Schudel, M. (2006, May). Henriette Avram, ‘mother of MARC’ dies.

Library of Congress Information Bulletin, 65(5), 130, 132. Retrieved from http://www.loc.gov/loc/lcib/0605/avram.html


Deviations national marc formats

Deviations: National MARC Formats


Returning to a common standard

Returning to a Common Standard


MARC: Uses

Photo credit: fabi_k- Fabienne Kneifel(2008, September). Grad Library- Old card catalog. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/fabi_k/3003119330/.

Taken in downtown Ann Arbor, MI


How is marc used

How is MARC used?


Who uses marc

Who Uses MARC?


How could marc be used

How Could MARC Be Used?



Effectiveness opinions of marc

Effectiveness & Opinions of MARC


Changes for marc 21

  • MARCXML

  • MODS (Metadata Object Description Schema)

Changes for MARC 21



  • Avram, H. D. (2003). Machine-readable cataloging (MARC) program. In M. A. Drake (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science (pp. 1712-1730). doi: 10.1081/E-ELIS 120008993

  • Fritz, Deborah A., and Richard J. Fritz. (2003) MARC21 for everyone: a practical guide. Chicago: American Library Association.

  • Intner, S. S. (2007, March/April). The passing of an era. Technicalities, 27(2), 1, 13-14.

  • Kokabi, M. (1996a). The internationalization of MARC – Part I: The emergence and divergence of MARC. OCLC Systems & Services, 12(1), 21-31.

  • Kokabi, M. (1996b). The internationalization of MARC – Part II: Some MARC formats based on USMARC. OCLC Systems & Services, 12(2), 21-26.

  • Kokabi, M. (1996c). The internationalization of MARC – Part III: Some MARC formats based on UKMARC. OCLC Systems & Services, 12(3), 8-11.

  • Kokabi, M. (1996d). The internationalization of MARC – Part IV: UNIMARC, some formats based on it and some other MARC formats. OCLC Systems & Services, 12(4), 20-37.

  • Library of Congress. MARC 21: Harmonized USMARC and CAN/MARC. Retrieved from http://www.loc.gov/marc/annmarc21.html

  • Radebaugh, J. (2003, February). MARC goes global—and lite. American Libraries, 34(2), 43-44.

  • Schudel, M. (2006, May). Henriette Avram, ‘mother of MARC’ dies, Library of Congress Information Bulletin, 65(5), 130, 132. Retrieved from http://www.loc.gov/loc/lcib/0605/avram.html

  • Taylor, A. G., & Joudrey, D. N. (2009). The organization of information(3rd ed.). Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited.

  • Understanding MARC Bibliographic: Parts 1 to 6. (2009, October 27). Library of Congress Home. Retrieved February 28, 2011, fromhttp://www.loc.gov/marc/umb/um01to06.html


Post credits fun fun with catalog card generator http www blyberg net card generator

Post Credits Fun! program. In M. A. Drake (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science (pp. 1712-1730). doi: 10.1081/E-ELIS 120008993Fun with Catalog Card Generatorhttp://www.blyberg.net/card-generator/


Photo credit: Travelin’ Librarian- Michael Sauers (2006, September). Card Catalog Card. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/travelinlibrarian/237669817/


Photo credit: Beancounter parodies- Pam and Anthony (2006, September). Another card catalog extols ‘Parodies’. Retrieved from http://beancounters.blogs.com/parodies/2006/09/another_card_ca.html


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