U n it 1 globalization
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U n it 1 Globalization. Canada . . . The beginnings. Peopling of the Americas. Scientists know that until 50 000 to 13 500 years BP ( Before Present ) there were no human inhabitants on the continents of North or South America. Where did they come from? How did they get here?.

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U n it 1 Globalization

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U n it 1 globalization

Unit 1 Globalization


Canada the beginnings

Canada . . .The beginnings

Peopling of the Americas


U n it 1 globalization

  • Scientists know that until 50 000 to 13 500 years BP(Before Present) there were no human inhabitants on the continents of North or South America.

  • Where did they come from? How did they get here?


U n it 1 globalization

  • There are two perspectives on the origin of North American people:

    1.The Archaeological View

    2.The Aboriginal View


U n it 1 globalization

The Paleoindians, the first inhabitants of the Americas migrated somewhere between 15,000 – 10,000 BCE


U n it 1 globalization

The Archaeological View

  • Scientists have not come to a conclusive opinion on the origin of North American people. There are 4 theories that are proposed.


U n it 1 globalization

  • Geologists believe that during the last ice age, sea levels were lower across the Bering Straitthan they are today.

  • A grassy plain called Beringia linked Siberia to Alaska.

  • It is believed that nomadic hunters followed their prey across the plain from Northern Asia and spread across North America and eventually to South America.


U n it 1 globalization

  • About 14 000 years ago, the glacier had shrunk enough to allow small boats to navigate from Siberia to North America along the coast.


U n it 1 globalization

  • Some researchers believe that early humans crossed the Pacific Ocean further south, hopping from island to island and following ocean currents to South America before they came to North America.


U n it 1 globalization

  • A new theory shows evidence that people originally from Spain may have crossed the Atlantic near the polar ice cap and landed on the east coast of North America.


U n it 1 globalization

  • Many of Canada’s first Nations people believe that North America is the only land of their ancestor’s origin.

  • Their oral tradition( history through story telling) tells us they were born of this land and have no legends connecting them to any other part of the world.


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