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“Certified Organic” The Plan Before The Ban. Evan W.R. Edgar Principal Civil Engineer Edgar & Associates, Inc. Sacramento, California. CIWMB Strategic Directive No. 6.

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Certified organic the plan before the ban

“Certified Organic” The Plan Before The Ban

Evan W.R. Edgar

Principal Civil Engineer

Edgar & Associates, Inc.

Sacramento, California


Ciwmb strategic directive no 6
CIWMB Strategic Directive No. 6

  • California Integrated Waste Management Board (CIWMB) adopted a series of progressive Strategic Directives at their February 13, 2007 CIWMB Meeting

  • CIWMB Strategic Directive No. 6: Market Development -

    “Reduce the amount of organics in the waste stream by 50% by 2020”


The plan before a ban
“The Plan” Before a Ban

  • How many tons of organics are we really talking about in the Plan?

  • What policies for market development should recognized for organics?

  • Carbon Recycling or Carbon Sinks preferences

  • Present a “The Plan” to move the tons from the landfill to the markets

  • What can be recognized as early action items for GHG reductions as part of AB 32 for 2010


2003 ciwmb waste characterization study organics
2003 CIWMB Waste Characterization Study - Organics

  • 24.5 million tons of the 40.2 million tons buried in 2003 are considered organic wastes

  • Paper 8.44 MTY

  • Food 5.86 MTY

  • Organics 4.55 MTY

  • Lumber 3.88 MTY

  • Carpet/Textiles 1.76 MTY

  • GW ADC 2.40 MTY?


2007 organic baseline for strategic directive no 6
2007 Organic Baseline for Strategic Directive No. 6

26 Million Tons of Organics in Landfills in 2007 (The Edgar Institute estimate)

  • Paper 8.5 MTY

  • Food 6.0 MTY

  • Organics 4.5 MTY

  • Lumber 3.5 MTY

  • GW ADC 3.0 MTY

  • GW AIC 0.5 MTY


Alternative daily coverage use
Alternative Daily Coverage Use

CIWMB Home Page Data

  • 1998 to 2005

  • Increase from 1 MTY in 1998 to 3 MTY in 2005.

  • Average increase of 250,000 TPY

  • In 2010, could be 4 million tons of GW ADC use following trend line


One million tons per year that s all we ask
One Million Tons Per Year-- that’s all we ask --

  • 26 Million Tons of Organics in Landfills in 2007

  • Reduce by 50% by 2020 – SD No. 6

  • 13 millions TPY over next 13 Years

  • “Million Tons Per Year Organic Reduction Plan”

26 Million Tons

13 Million Tons


Market development plan for organics reduction 2010 2020
Market Development Plan for Organics Reduction – 2010/2020

  • Bio-Energy Action Plan

    Executive Order S-06-06:

    • For Biomass to electricity, the state shall meet a 20% target within the established state goals for renewable generation in 2010 and 2020

    • For Biofuels, the state shall produce a minimum of 20% of its biofuels within California by 2010, 40% by 2020, and 75% by 2020


Green energy market tons
Green Energy Market Tons 2010/2020

  • In 2003, 3.88 Million tons of lumber was buried

  • By 2010 – new 350 MW of BioEnergy

  • By 2020 – new 1,500 MW of BioEnergy

  • 1 million bone dry tons of biomass generates 150 MW of bio-energy – add 25% weight for moisture

  • From forest, agricultural and urban, where urban wood waste has represented about 35% to 40% of the fuel Need 2.3 million bone dry tons or 3 million wet tons in 2010 – or 1 million tons of urban lumber

  • Need 10 million bone dry tons or 12.5 million wet tons in 2020 – or 4 million tons of urban lumber

  • Lumber could be banned before 2020


Biofuels market tons
Biofuels Market Tons 2010/2020

  • Executive Order S-01-07 to reduce the carbon intensity of fuels by at least 10% by 2020.

  • Executive Order S-06-06 for Biofuels, the state shall produce a minimum of 20% of its biofuels within California by 2010, 40% by 2020.

  • 1 tons of organic waste makes 77.5 gallons of ethanol

  • 1 Billion gallons of ethanol used in CA in 2005 – 20% in-state reduction by 2010 – 200 million gallons from 2.5 million ton of organic waste

  • 2 Billion gallons of ethanol use in 2020 of the projected 20 billion gallons of fuel to be used, would need 10 million tons of organic waste to produce 800 million gallons of ethanol – 40% in-state


Compost market tons
Compost Market Tons 2010/2020

  • CALTRANS used about 100,000 Tons of compost in 2003. CALTRANS has new compost specifications.

  • Studies shows CALTRANS could use 1.5 million to 2.7 million tons of finished compost per year, or 3.0 to 5.5 million tons of raw feedstock to make the compost

  • SB 1345 (Chesbro) – 1 Million tons of compost use in 2010 failed in 2006. SB 697 (Wiggins) has been introduced in 2007. CRRC sponsor.

  • 2010 Possible use – 500,000 TPY of compost in 2010, using 1 million tons of raw green waste.

  • 2020 – 1.5 Million tons of compost using 3 million tons of green waste

  • 2020 – California Futures study shows that the California agricultural has the potential to used over 5 million tons of compost of 10 million tons of feedstock to make the compost


Paper market tons
Paper Market Tons 2010/2020

  • Expand traditional recycling with paper collection from business and multi-family sources

  • Expand co-collected soiled residential paper waste with green waste

  • Use MRF residual and commingled low-grade paper products in compost and conversion technologies to produce alternative fuels

  • By 2010 - 1 million tons of 8.5 million tons of paper waste

  • By 2020 - 4 million tons of 8.5 million tons of paper waste


2010 market plan
2010 Market Plan 2010/2020

  • Strategic Directive No. 6 could reduce organics by one million tons per year diverted from 2007 to 2010, or 4 million tons

    • 1 MTY Lumber to BioEnergy

    • 2.5 MTY Organics to Ethanol

    • 1 MTY Green Waste to Compost

    • 1 MTY Paper Collection from Business/Multi-Family

  • 22 million tons still being buried


2020 market plan
2020 Market Plan 2010/2020

  • Strategic Directive No. 6 could reduce organics by 13 million tons by 2020

    • 4 MTY Lumber to BioEnergy

    • 10 MTY Organics to Ethanol

    • 4 MTY Paper Collection from Business/Multi-Family

    • 3 MTY Green Waste to CALTRANS Compost

    • 5 MTY to possible agricultural compost

  • 26 MTY market for the 2007 baseline of 26 MTY


Organic feedstock demand competition and hierarchy
Organic Feedstock Demand, Competition, and Hierarchy 2010/2020

  • Follow the AB 939 Hierarchy

  • Green Waste to Compost, Plastics to Plastics, Paper to Paper……….

  • “MRF First” Prior to Conversion Technologies (CT) – The key to make ethanol is CT

  • Transformation

  • Carbon Landfilling


Ab 32 ghg action items
AB 32 GHG Action Items 2010/2020

Climate Action Team Report:

  • 1 ton of MSW 1.82 MTCO2E or 1 million tons of MSW produces 1.82 MMTCO2E

  • Reduce 3 million metric tons of CO2 Equivalents (MMTCO2E) by 2010 with 50% AB 939 – - DONE - - 1.65 MTY diverted following the AB 939 formula

  • Reduce another 3 MMTCO2E by 2020 with higher recycling – 1.65 MTY of MSW where Strategic Directive No. 6 could divert up to 13 MTY by 2020

  • Reduce Landfill Gas Emission by 2 MMTCO2E by 2010 and 3 MMTCO2E by 2020


Landfill gas emissions ab 32 baseline for 1990
Landfill Gas Emissions – 2010/2020AB 32 Baseline for 1990

  • 17 MMTCO2E in 2004 Tellus Report with top down capture rate of landfill gas capture rates varied from 25% to 50%

  • 8.13 MMTCO2E in CEC December 2006 Report to CARB for 1990 Baseline determination – based on bottom up data of landfill capture rates

  • Landfill gas capture rates to increase from 75%, to 80% to over 90%

  • Alternative Final Cover of green waste to further scrub GHG

  • Landfills have been Painted Green with science and technology with increase landfill capture rates


Carbon sequestering
Carbon Sequestering 2010/2020

  • California Energy Commission (CEC) – Inventory of Greenhouse Gas – Emissions and Sinks – 1990 to 2004 – Dated December 2006

  • Inventory being handed off by CEC to CARB to implement AB 32

  • Land Use Changes & Forest Sinks total (22.7 MMTCO2E in 1990 to 21.0 MMTCO2E in 2004

    • Forest Sink – <13.14> MMTCO2E in 1990 to <13> MMTCO2E in 2004

    • Rangeland Sink – <1.10> MMTCO2E in 1990 to <1.09> MMTCO2E in 2004

    • Landfill Lumber Disposal Sink – <3.73> MMTCO2E in 1990 to <5.01> MMTCO2E in 2004 – 3.88 MTY of lumber disposed in 2003.

    • Yard Trimmings Landfill Disposal Sink – <4.74> MMTCO2E in 1990 to <1.87> MMTCO2E in 2004

    • Does not yet include GW ADC carbon in landfills (AB 939 credit and possible AB 32 credit). At -.2082 tons of carbon per ton of GW ADC, the 3 MTY of GW ADC in 2005 could translate to another – <2.3> MMTCO2E of carbon credits


Gas capture and carbon sinks paint landfills green
Gas Capture and Carbon Sinks 2010/2020Paint Landfills Green

  • Landfill Gas Emissions were 17 MMTCO2E, now are 8.13 MMTCO2E. Landfill are greener with less emissions

  • The Forests of California credited with 13.14 MMTCO2E

  • The Landfills of California are credited with 8.47 MMTCO2E as they capture carbon in the lumber and yard trimmings – not yet including GW ADC

  • Landfill Sinks equals 64% of all California Forest Sinks, and should GW ADC count – it would be 82%


Key policy and program changes
Key Policy and Program Changes 2010/2020

  • Green Landfills or Green Energy?

    • Landfills are Carbon Sinks with 8.47 MMTCO2E as they capture carbon in the disposal of lumber and yard trimmings.

  • Strategic Directive No. 6 or AB 32 Carbon Sinks?

    • 50% Reduction by 2020 with 13 million tons of organics to green energy, biofuels, compost, and paper recycling, or Landfills as carbon sequesters?


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