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6 th IAPH Mid-term Board & Port Forum ” “ Economic Recovery in the Maritime Trade Savannah, June 6 – 9 , 2010 The Effective Role of Suez Canal In The World Seaborne Trade Eng. Ahmed M. El-Manakhly Director of Planning & Researches Dept. Suez Canal Authority
” “ Economic Recovery in the Maritime Trade
Savannah, June 6 – 9 , 2010
The Effective Role of Suez Canal
In The World Seaborne Trade
Eng. Ahmed M. El-Manakhly
Director of Planning & Researches Dept.
Suez Canal Authority
It was opened for international navigation on
17 th November 1869.
Capacity 98 ships
fully effective use of the By-Passes and through the change of the convoy system.
Capacity 88 ships
under the current transit system
Capacity 78 ships
A- Saving in distance achieved by the Canal compared To Cape of God Hope
PRD is one of the two fastest
growing manufacturing region
Pearl River Delta
1- Navigational Channel
2- Equipment and Machinery
3-Safety of the Traffic and Navigational
4-Development of Pricing Policies
A . From the year 1869 till the present
96.8 % of the Bulk fleet
100 % of Container fleet
62.6 % of the Tanker fleet
100 % of Other types
- Cutter suction dredger 31050 hp
- Year of built 1996 - Max. dredging depth 35 m
Trailing SuctionHopper dredger
- Hopper capacity 10000 m3 -Total installed power 25032 hp
- Year of built 2004 - Max. dredging depth 35 m
One of the biggest tugs of 160 bollard pull tons
A- Suez Canal Vessel Traffic Management System ( VTMS )
B - The Maritime Training & Simulation Centre
1- Comparison of the ship voyage cost through the Canal and through other alternative routes.
2- Ship type and size.
3- Market conditions and all the economic factors affecting maritime transportation.
4- Keeping the Suez Canal the first choice for customers.
** The Tolls is revised and published yearly.
4 – Development of Pricing Policies
The regular dues can attract most of ourcustomers ,and for the rest we offer other policies as :
1-Establishing an elastic toll’s system to encourage all the potential trade to pass through the Canal:
2-Maintaining full complementary and coordinating policy with SUMED Pipeline.
3-Time saving service for vessels arriving after the time limit against a surcharge of 3%,5% or 10% subject to vessel’s time of arrival.
Suez Canal Authority signed Six Memoranda of Understanding (MOUs) with:
Acts of piracy had re-emerged following the end of World War II. Such criminal acts began to be practiced on a much wider scale in the 80’s, and covered many parts of the world such as the China Sea, Malacca Strait in South East Asia, the coast of Singapore, Thailand and the Philippines, Indonesia and the coast of South America ( Brazil ).
The East coast of Africa, particularly the Somali coast, the Gulf of Aden as well as the Horn of Africa are in fact very hot spots so far as piracy operations are concerned.
This area; the East Coast of Africa, is quite sensitive as it is the southern entrance to the Red Sea which is a very important trade route that leads to the Suez Canal, the route of choice for more than 30 million TEU’s per year, beside more 30% of the world demand for energy sources .
The acts of piracy, along the Somali coast line which extends for more than 3300 km, used to target the fishing boats that reached the Somali territorial waters. With the development of the pirate’s capabilities, however, they started to attack commercial vessels that frequent this maritime route.
Sea piracy has been a common practice along the Horn of Africa since 2005. However, in spite of the wide-spread of such criminal behavior, Suez Canal traffic has registered a remarkable increase in the period from 2004 to 2008. There was an increase not only in the number of transiting ships but in the net tonnage and the Suez Canal revenues as well.
After 2008 the Suez Canal had started to suffer a drop in the amount of transiting tonnage and accordingly in revenues. In 2009 the transiting tonnage was 20% less than in 2008, but that was totally attributed to the economic crisis that hit the world at the time.
This shows that the effect of piracy operations on Suez Canal traffic has been quite marginal.
Emphasize the fact that security of the Red Sea and the safety of its navigation is the responsibility of the Arab countries which share its shores.
Act upon the recommendations of Sana’a conference of 2005, and the memo of understanding that was duly discussed in Muscat in January 2006. That memo was presented by the governments of both Egypt and Yemen with the purpose of setting up a Regional Information Center in Sana’a in order to exchange security information.
Make it clear that such acts of piracy along the Somali coast represent a threat not only to the Suez Canal route but also to the alternative route around the Cape of Good Hope and all other trade routes.
Cooperate with EUNAFOR which had started to provide protection to commercial ships in the Gulf of Aden in 2008, and also started the distribution of maps and some guiding publications to ship masters sailing southbound to the Gulf of Aden. The printed literature includes :-
A map that shows the Area of Operation (AOO), and the procedures that should be taken by the crew of the ship in case of an attack, and how to act in case the pirates could actually board the vessel.
Telephones, Fax numbers and e-mail addresses to be used in emergency cases.
International Recommended Transit Corridor (IRTC).
Measures that should be taken before arrival to the protection area.
Measures that should be taken upon attack.
Self protection measures, and how to prevent pirates board the ship.
How to deal with pirates if they make on board.
The SCA spares no effort for the sake of ensuring a safe and secure service for all transiting Vessels; thus contributing to the prosperity of world trade and all nations as well.