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Social Audit Immersion Clinic. Presentation made at World Bank, Washington DC By K.Raju Prl secy to Govt, RD dept Andhra Pradesh 23rd March 2009. The Outline of the Session. The objectives and methodology What is social auditing? An overview of social Auditing of NREGS in AP

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Social Audit Immersion Clinic

Presentation made at World Bank, Washington DC

By

K.Raju

Prl secy to Govt, RD dept

Andhra Pradesh

23rd March 2009


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The Outline of the Session

  • The objectives and methodology

  • What is social auditing?

  • An overview of social Auditing of NREGS in AP

  • Step by step process details

  • Institutionalizing and taking it to scale and the lessons


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The Objectives and methodolgy

The objectives

  • To understand social audit from the perspective of a practitioner

  • To develop broad framework for social auditing of other poverty reduction programs


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The Objectives and methodolgy

The Methodology

  • Presentation on Social auditing of NREGS in AP

  • Participants reflect on the AP case and articulate how they would facilitate social auditing for their program

  • Challenges and how to address them


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What is Social Audit?

Community is facilitated to:

  • Internalise their rights and entitlements

  • Access relevant official records

  • Compare with the actual position on the ground


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What is Social Audit?

Community is facilitated to:

  • Analyse deviations/shortfalls if any

  • Identify officials responsible

  • Question the officials in a public forum

  • Secure commitment from officials for corrective measures

  • Follow up action monitored


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An overview of Social Auditing of NREGS in AP

Started as pilot in a few villages 3 years back

The ground covered in 3 years

Social auditing in all villages in the state

Institutional arrangements and human resource put in place

Statutory Rules notified


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NREGA processes

  • Job card

  • Demand for work

  • Identification of works

  • Worksite management

  • Payment of wages and material costs


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Social Auditing of NREGS in AP

Districts covered : 22

Habitations covered : 50,000

Expenditure Audited : Rs 2500 Cr

Village Social Auditors trained: 50,000

Peoples reps who attended : 30,000


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Social Auditing of NREGS in AP

Wage seekers reached : 25 lakhs

Applications filed under RTI : 1000

Documents scrutinized : 4 lakhs

No. Of MLAs who have : About 100

attended SAs

Amount Recovered : Rs 2.50 cr


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How it happened in AP?

Learning from the pilot Social Audits in the state

Wide range of steps taken to institutionalise Social Auditing and to take it to scale

This presentation is essentially about how it is done



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NREGA, 2005- The Objectives

Livelihood security to the households in rural areas

100 days of guaranteed wage employment to a family on demand as a Right


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Rights and entitlements

  • Minimum wages on weekly or FN basis

  • Equal wages for men and women

  • Worksite facilities

  • Medical expenses for injured/ex-gratia for deceased

  • Unemployment allowance if work is not allotted


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NREGA processes

  • Job card

  • Demand for work

  • Identification of works

  • Worksite management

  • Payment of wages and material costs


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Social Auditing of NREGS in Mandal

  • Starts with filing of application with Mandal Development officer under RTI Act, for a set of NREGS documents

  • Documents secured within 7 days


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Documents accessed

  • List of job card holders

  • List of works sanctioned

  • Estimates of each work

  • Muster rolls

  • Pay orders

  • Material payment vouchers


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Analysing the documents

  • About 40 literate labour selected as village social auditors (VSAs)

  • VSAs trained for 3 days on the process

  • VSAs formed into 5 groups

  • Each groups assisted to analyse the records of 4 Gram pancayats


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Community is assisted to undertake social auditing

  • Each group of VSAs spends 3 days in each Grampanchayat

  • Verification with each wage seeker

  • Focused group discussions

  • Inspection of works

  • Recording of variations if any


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Gram Sabha convened to discuss the findings

  • Findings discussed

  • Corrective measures if any discussed and commitment from implementation agency taken


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Public hearing convened at the Mandal Hqrts

  • Status of the Scheme presented

  • The Mandal Social Audit team read out, strengths, weaknesses and important deviations

  • Evidence adduced


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Public hearing convened at the Mandal Hqrts

  • The officials respond

  • Recovery of money misappropriated

  • Commitment on the corrective measures secured



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Policy support to scale

  • Policy support on the access to information

    • To provide information in a way understandable people

    • To delivery copies of documents if asked in 7 days time

    • To host Social Audit reports in web, in public domain

    • Commit budget exclusively for social auditing


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Policy support to scale

  • Statutory Rules on the conduct of social audit notified

  • Detailed Govt orders issued


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Institutional support to scale

  • An independent Unit set up at state level

  • 44 State Resource persons and 440 District Resource persons comprising of activists from Civil Society Organisations inducted

  • Training modules developed

  • Digitisation of social audits arranged

  • Web site to host Social audit reports


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Impact and learning from AP experience to scale

  • Deepening of people’s awareness on their rights

  • Valuable input to improve Scheme design

  • Deepening of social accountability

  • Improvement in the grassroots governance


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Impact and learning from AP experience to scale

  • Social accountability in action-acts as great deterrent

  • Prompt action on the findings is necessary to harness the power of the social auditing

  • Social auditing is not about corruption or catching the corrupt. It is a process of opening of public dialogue in the society.


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THANK YOU to scale


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