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Yoga Health Psychology Daniel Bradford Amber Goodwin Charity Lindsey Jessica Motte What is Yoga? ...“the bonding of mind, body, & soul.” Everything You Need to Know About Yoga: An Introduction for Teens by Stephanie Weiss . New York Rosen Publishing Group, 1999. 4 Main Types of Yoga

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Yoga health psychology daniel bradford amber goodwin charity lindsey jessica motte l.jpg

YogaHealth PsychologyDaniel BradfordAmber GoodwinCharity LindseyJessica Motte


What is yoga l.jpg

What is Yoga?

  • ...“the bonding of mind, body, & soul.”

Everything You Need to Know About Yoga: An Introduction for Teens by Stephanie Weiss . New York Rosen Publishing Group, 1999.


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4 Main Types of Yoga

  • 1. Bhaki Yoga - path of devotion

    • Chanting

  • 2. Karma Yoga - path of selflessness

    • action, ____________, & service

  • 3. Jhana Yoga - path of transcendental knowledge

    • scholarship

Everything You Need to Know About Yoga: An Introduction for Teens by Stephanie Weiss . New York Rosen Publishing Group, 1999.


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  • 4. Ashtanga Yoga - path of Patanjali

    • 8 Steps

      • Self Control

      • Character / Self Purification

      • Body Postures

      • ____________

      • Merging of the senses

      • Concentration

      • Meditation

      • Absorption

Everything You Need to Know About Yoga: An Introduction for Teens by Stephanie Weiss . New York Rosen Publishing Group, 1999.


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5 Restraints

  • Nonviolence

    • includes ____________ and environmentalism

  • Truthfulness

  • Non-stealing

  • Abstinence

  • Non-possessiveness

Everything You Need to Know About Yoga: An Introduction for Teens by Stephanie Weiss . New York Rosen Publishing Group, 1999.


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Yoga Vocab

  • Meditation - “focusing intently on one sound, idea, image, or goal”

  • Unity - being one with the self, others, and world

  • ____________ - “sound, word, or phrase that is repeated during meditation”


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Benefits

  • Improvements in patients with:

    • ____________

    • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

    • Asthma

    • Epilepsy

    • Psychological Disorders


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Arthritis

  • Rheumatoid & Osteoarthritis of hands

    • Increased handgrip strength

    • Increased____________

    • Decreased pain

Dash, M., & Telles, S. (2001). Improvement in handgrip strength in rheumatoid arthritis patients following yoga training. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 45(3), 355-360.

Garfinkel, M., Shumacher H., Hussain A., and Levy, M. (1994). Evaluation of a yoga based regimen for treatment of osteoarthritis of the hands. Journal of Rheumatology, 21(12), 2341-2343.


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Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Increased handgrip

  • Pain reduction

Garfinkle, M., Singhal A., Katz W., and Allan, D. (1998). Yoga-based intervention for carpal tunnel syndrome: A randomized trial. Journal of the American Medical Association, 280(18), 1601-1603.


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Asthma

  • Increasedbreathing

  • Increased ____________

Iyengar, B., Manocha R., Marks G., and Peters, D. (2002). Sahaja yoga in the management of moderate to severe asthma: A randomized controlled trial. Thorax Journal, 57(2), 110-115.


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Epilepsy

  • ____________ in frequency and duration of attacks when yoga used with prescription medication

Ramaratnam S, Sridharan K.  Yoga for epilepsy.  Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2000, (3):  CD001524.  PMID:  10908505 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE].


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Psychological Disorders & Mood Change

  • Decreasedanxiety

  • Decreaseddepression

    • Defense Institute of Physiology and Allied Sciences of India

  • Better control over emotional ____________

    • State Research Institute of Physiology, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences

Lavey, R., & Sherman, T. (2005). The effects of yoga on mood in psychiatric patients. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 28(4), 399-402.

Ray, U., Mukhopadhyaya S., Tomer, O., & Thakur, L. (2001). Effect of yogic exercises on physical and mental health. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 45(1), 37-53.


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Psychological Disorders, cont.

  • Improvements in

    • Tension-anxiety

    • Depression

    • ____________

    • Fatigue-inertia

    • Confusion

Lavey, R., & Sherman, T. (2005). The effects of yoga on mood in psychiatric patients. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 28(4), 399-402.


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Empirical Research in Yoga


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Research Questions

  • What do we want to know about yoga?

  • Does it really help?

    • we need empirical evidence

    • controlled studies

Watts, F. (2000). Psychological research questions about yoga. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 3(1), 71-83.


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Questions, cont.

  • In what ways can we prove it helps?

    • statistical proof

    • hard evidence

    • not only ____________

Watts, F. (2000). Psychological research questions about yoga. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 3(1), 71-83.


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Questions, cont.

  • How does it help?

    • what is the mechanism

    • is it something measurable?

  • How do we find this out???

Watts, F. (2000). Psychological research questions about yoga. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 3(1), 71-83.


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Watts’ take

  • Two questions

    • process questions

    • outcome questions

Watts, F. (2000). Psychological research questions about yoga. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 3(1), 71-83.


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  • Outcome Questions

    • naturalistic

      • advantages= accomplishment, authentic pursuit, early studies.

      • disadvantages= what is actually special, comparison.

    • experimental

      • advantages= comparison, control, statistics

      • disadvantages= only part of yoga,

  • Our Continuing problem…

Watts, F. (2000). Psychological research questions about yoga. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 3(1), 71-83.


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  • Process questions

    • _______________

    • mind effect on body

    • breathing

    • stability and control

    • awareness

  • What did Jung have to say about it?

Watts, F. (2000). Psychological research questions about yoga. Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 3(1), 71-83.


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Lavey, R. et al. (2005). The effects of yoga on mood in psychiatric inpatients. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 28(4), 399-402.


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  • What are some alternative explanations for this?

    • ________________________

    • general relaxation

    • changes in mood from first to last class

    • sample six

Lavey, R. et al. (2005). The effects of yoga on mood in psychiatric inpatients. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 28(4), 399-402.


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Class Activity

  • Breathing Exercise led by:

    • Gautam Jeppu

      • Civil Engineering Grad Student

      • Trained in numerous forms of yoga including: Ashtanga Yoga, Dharmastala Yoga, & Iyengar Yoga


  • Login