Manifest Destiny. Section 2 Territorial Expansion What were the effects of the Mexican-American War and the California Gold Rush?. What was happening in America during the early/mid 1800\'s?. Political Events. Presidents: Jackson, Van Buren, Harrison, Tyler
What were the effects of the Mexican-American War and the California Gold Rush?
in America during
the early/mid 1800\'s?
Before Mexican War was over, future of SW lands caused strong debate in the U.S.
1846: Pennsylvania Whig congressman David Wilmot proposed the Wilmot Proviso
I. The Nebraska Territory was divided into two parts: Nebraska (NE) and Kansas (KS).
II. The people of each territory voted on whether or not to allow slavery. (popular sovereignty)
* The Kansas-Nebraska Act violated the Missouri Compromise. Both territories were north of 36 , 30’ N and should NOT have been allowed to have slaves.
Before the vote on slavery:
• Northerners crossed the border to keep KS a free state.
• Southerners crossed the border to make KS a slave state.
• Both sides claimed victory on the vote!
The Kansas-Nebraska Act illegally repealed the Missouri Compromise.
Civil war between pro-slavery and anti-slavery settlers – over 200 people died
California tips the
balance of power!
on the American
River to provide
lumber for Sutter’s
On January 24, 1848 with the sawmill almost finished Marshall looked down and …"I reached my hand down and picked it up; it made my heart thump, for I was certain it was gold. The piece was about half the size and shape of a pea. Then I saw another."
east coast and was
By 1849 the country was gripped in gold “fever”
Farmers left their fields, merchants closed their shops, soldiers left their posts – and all made plans to go to California
The California Gold Rush was a mass migration of people from the eastern U.S. and around the world looking for easy riches
Called forty-niners, the gold seekers swelled the population of California from 14,000 in 1847 to 225,000 in five years
Early miners able to pan for gold along the rivers of northern California – called placer mining
Conditions hard in the mining camps – no law, no sanitation, prices for food and supplies very high
Cholera, dysentery rampant
More than half of the forty-niners came to California by ship – through San Francisco
Miners needed supplies, San Francisco was where they were bought
Legend spoke that you could walk from here to here without getting your feet wet, due to the number of abandoned ships
SF Bay became choked with hundreds of abandoned ships
upset the delicate
free & slave - everyone
was affected, and no
one was spared
from its effects!