Local government and politics in texas
Download
1 / 16

local government and politics in texas - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 184 Views
  • Updated On :

Local Government and Politics in Texas. Chapter 22 O’Connor and Sabato American Government: Continuity and Change. Local Government & Politics in Texas. In this chapter we will cover… 1. Roots of local government in Texas 2. Counties 3. Cities 4. Special districts.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'local government and politics in texas' - paul2


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Local government and politics in texas l.jpg

Local Government and Politics in Texas

Chapter 22

O’Connor and Sabato

American Government: Continuity and Change


Local government politics in texas l.jpg
Local Government & Politics in Texas

  • In this chapter we will cover…

    1. Roots of local government in Texas

    2. Counties

    3. Cities

    4. Special districts


Roots of local government l.jpg
Roots of Local Government

  • Colonial Period

  • Spain? Mexico governed Texas

  • Vast rural areas

  • Republic of Texas continued using districts established by Mexico

  • Cities as municipal corporations

  • Texas Constitution detailed regarding local government


Counties l.jpg
Counties

  • Texas has the largest number of counties of any state – 254

  • County governments are multifunctional

    (roads, public health, jails, elections)

  • County elections are partisan (four-year terms)

  • Authority is fragmented

  • Commissioners Court is primary governing entity



Counties6 l.jpg
Counties

  • County judge, elected county-wide, is chief executive of the county

  • Commissioners court is the legislative body

  • Other elected officials include attorneys, sheriff, county clerks, tax assessor


Counties7 l.jpg
Counties

  • County government authority is limited

  • County governments do not have ordinance-making authority

  • New issues require clarification of authority from legislature


Counties8 l.jpg
Counties

  • Financing county government

    • relies heavily on property tax

    • more recently more fee sources of funds

    • collection and distribution of fees complicated


Cities l.jpg
Cities

  • City charter – “constitution”

  • General law as legal framework

  • Home rule as legal framework


Cities10 l.jpg
Cities

  • Forms of City Government

    1. Home rule cities

    a. weak mayor/council

    b. strong mayor/council

    c. council manager

    d. city commissioner


Cities11 l.jpg
Cities

  • City Government: authority & function

    1. Multifunctional units of government

    2. Major functions include police, fire, public works, recreation, and health

    3. Cities have broad regulatory authority including zoning, buildings, signs, etc.

    4. Role of Texas Municipal League: voice of the city in the capital


Cities12 l.jpg
Cities

  • Financing city governments

    1. Sources – sales and property tax plus federal and state funds

    2. Capital operating budget

    3. Cities must compete and attract new development


Municipal annexation l.jpg
Municipal Annexation

  • Annexation is complicated and controversial

    1. unilateral power of home rule cities

    2. controversy surrounds how annexation occurs, services provided to newly annexed areas

  • ETJ – extra territorial jurisdiction

    1. beyond city limits: promote/protect general health, safety and welfare

    2. controversies: land use, size, (city boundaries, developers etc.)


Cities14 l.jpg
Cities

  • Representation

    1. City elections are non-partisan

    2. At-large and at-large by place

    3. Single member districts

    4. Cumulative voting



Special districts l.jpg
Special Districts Cities

  • Provided for in the state Constitution

  • More than 3000 special districts in Texas

  • Water: droughts and water management

  • Schools: most common (1,042)

    • No uniformity

    • Schools set tax rates

    • Role of TEA/SBOE ( e.g., charter/ vouchers)

    • Big issue: school financing


ad