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Introduction to the Internet February 2002 Agenda History of the internet Internet functions Browsing Email Chat Other Internet browsers/Internet explorer History of the internet Network of networks Original purpose - Defence Early form Cumbersome text-based menu driven system

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Introduction to the Internet

Instructor: Shayna Keces

236-0302, ext. 441

February 2002


Agenda

  • History of the internet

  • Internet functions

    • Browsing

    • Email

    • Chat

    • Other

  • Internet browsers/Internet explorer


History of the internet

  • Network of networks

  • Original purpose - Defence

  • Early form

    • Cumbersome text-based menu driven system

  • Development of WWW in mid 1990’s


Most popular uses of the internet


Browsing

  • Research

  • Finding people

  • Playing games

  • Reading newspapers

  • Banking

  • Government information

  • Job searching

  • Shopping

  • Downloading programs or files


Email

  • Electronic mail

  • Non-secure

  • Client software – company or ISP

    • Resides on computer

    • Outlook, Eudora, Netscape Messenger

    • Not available in public libraries

    • Advantage re contacts on webpages

      "Ottawa Public Library contacts, "(http://www.library.ottawa.on.ca/english/contact/index.htm)


Email (cont.)

  • Web-based email

    • Program resides on web page

    • Free service

    • Available from any internet computer

    • Must go to website to send/receive mail

    • Attached files may be problem


Chat

  • Used most often by children and teens

  • Safety precautions necessary

  • Wide variety of chat rooms/subjects

    dir.yahoo.com/computers_and_internet/internet/world_wide_web/chat/

  • Should monitor first

  • IRC, web-based and instant messenger


Web-based chat

  • Most common with improvements in bandwidth

  • Kind used in libraries

  • Need plugin or applet to use so not all will work

  • Available from many websites


Other functions

  • Usenet

    • Newsgroups (groups.google.com)

  • Telnet

    • Joining another computer system

    • Often used for receiving non web-based email

  • Ftp

    • Site set up to distribute files (called anonymous ftp)


Browsers

  • Way to view html documents (URLs)

    • Structure of a URL

  • Often needs plugins for multimedia applications

  • 3 main browsers

    • Internet Explorer (Microsoft)

    • Netscape Navigator (Communicator)

    • Opera (independent company known for efficient design, linked to Qualicum)


Webpages

  • Effects and display different in different browsers

  • Applications not always available on public computers

  • Frames

    • Scroll bars within page (up and down and side to side

    • Address bars not real site

    • Printing


Internet Explorer

  • Ways to access a Web page or URL

    • Address bar (type in or drop-down menu)

    • Open file (website or file)

    • Hypertext links

    • Bookmarks/Favourites (not available in library)

    • Personal links (not available in library)


Internet Explorer menu bar

  • File

    • New (CTL +N) – New window

      • View two pages at once or waiting for new page

      • Keep to minimum

    • Open (CTL +O) – File or webpage

    • Saving webpages

      • Html (open in browser)

      • Text (for word processor and email)

    • Print – Page one to see no. of pages or selection (new version of IE has Print Preview)


Practice

  • Open a new screen

  • Use File menu to open www.ithaca.edu/library/Training/useful.html

  • Save this webpage as an HTML file on your desktop


Internet Explorer menu bar (cont.)

  • Edit

    • Find (CTL-F)

  • View

    • Go To

    • Stop (ESC)

    • Refresh (F5) http://investor.stockpoint.com/

    • Source

    • Text size

    • Encoding (for non roman alphabets)


Practice A

  • Minimize the screen

  • Open ICYouSee webpage which you saved on the desktop

  • Find the words EDGAR

  • Click on that hyperlink


Practice B

  • Type the following URL in the address bar http://www-chaos.umd.edu/history/time_line.html

  • Click on Era and Timeline of Chinese history

  • Click on Stop after a few seconds


Tool bars

  • Back and forward buttons

  • Stop

  • Refresh

  • Home (choose wisely)

  • Search

  • History

  • Print


Bookmarks/Favourites

  • Way to keep track of useful websites

  • Not available on library machines

  • Should have organizational structure

  • Personal links for heavily used sites


Bookmarks/Favourites (cont)

  • Add to favourites

    • Create in (choose folder or create a new one)

    • Make sure correct folder is highlighted when creating subfolder or favourite

    • Press create in

  • Access offline if don’t want to have to be connected (not applicable in library environment)


Further study

  • Carroll, Jim. Canadian Internet new user's handbook. 004.678 C319c

  • The Internet handbook for writers, researchers, and journalists. 004.678 I612 2000

  • Snell, Ned. Sams teach yourself the Internet in 24 hours 004.678 S6715t 2002

  • Kent, Peter. The complete idiot's guide to the Internet. 004.678 K37 2001


Further Study : Videos

  • The interconnected world of Internet basics V004.678 I61

  • Teach yourself Internet Explorer 5.0 V005.713769 I5v

  • Internet 1-2-3-- getting on-line V004.67 I616

  • An Introduction to Microsoft Internet Explorer V005.71369 I5Lib


Further Study : Websites

  • Internet 101 http://www.internet101.org/internet101.html

  • Exploring the Web http://www.sofweb.vic.edu.au/internet/explore.htm

  • Browsing Basics – Internet Explorer http://www.websearchguide.ca/tools/IE5Win/navfram.htm


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