Technology and the Changing Social Role of Music - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Technology and the Changing Social Role of Music The role that music plays in society is largely a function of the music-related technology that is used. The role of music in American society has changed dramatically in the last 100 years.

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Technology and the Changing Social Role of Music

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Technology and the Changing Social Role of Music

  • The role that music plays in society is largely a function of the

    music-related technology that is used.

  • The role of music in American society has changed

    dramatically in the last 100 years.

  • Recording technology is integral to the way in which we

    now perceive, listen to, create, and function around music.


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Music in a World Before Recordings

  • Music was inextricable from the live performance.

  • Listening to music was fundamentally a social activity.


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The Dawn of an Era: The First Recording Technology

  • Thomas Alva Edison (1847-1931) invented a system for recording sound vibrations as engraved

    grooves in a wax cylinder in 1877.

  • Shellac discs are developed in 1890’s and

    become a standard medium for recording

  • and distribution.


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The Dawn of an Era: The First Recording Technology

  • As recorded music developed a significant base of interest, record players became common household objects and listening to recordings at home became a social activity.


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Early Musicians and Recording Technology

  • Recordings become a successful and lucrative

    market for composers.

  • Composers would need to cater their music to the constraints of the recorded format to become more commercially viable.


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Performers and Early Recording Technology

  • As the recording industry became a more important market, musicians around the turn of the century catered their technique to fit the limitations of recording technology

  • Bing Crosby and Les Paul

    use tape recording and splicing

    to create “perfect” radio shows

    by editing out mistakes.


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The Studio as a Creative Tool

  • Pierre Schaeffer (1910-1995) pioneered the use of recording equipment and media in creating new compositions out of various pieces of sound.


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The Studio as a Creative Tool

MultiTracking

  • Layers (Tracks)

  • Equalization

  • Levels


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The Studio as a Creative Tool

Studio Effects

  • Reverb

    Diffusion of sound that creates the impression

    of distance, space, or sustain.

  • Delay

    Timed repetition of a sound that creates an

    “echo”.

  • Flanging

    A “swirling”, undulating effect created by off-setting a sound from itself.

  • Equalization/Filtering

    Used to control the volume of certain frequency

    ranges in a sound.


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The Studio as a Creative Tool

  • Bands such as The Beatles pioneer the use of studio technique as a compositional method in the mid-60's.

  • Music becomes valued as a listening “experience”.

  • The “new sound” of popular music becomes the foundation of a music-oriented youth culture movement.


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Amplification Technology and Performance

  • Performers such as Jimi

    Hendrix use amplification

    technology as a creative

    element of their live music.

  • This expressive use of

    technology in performance

    has become an iconic part of

    American culture.


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Studio Technology and Musical Performance

  • DJs (Disc Jockeys)

    manipulate existing

    recordings of sound and

    music in their live

    performances.


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Digital Technology and the Future Role of Music

  • Amateur recording technology has continually become

    more powerful, affordable, and easy to use.

  • There are many means of music distribution available to

    companies and amateurs.

  • CD’s

  • Digital computer formats


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