SCI 3010 Environmental Science. SCI 3010 Environmental Science. SCI 3010 Environmental Science. SCI 3010 Environmental Science. SCI 3010 Environmental Science. Forms of Carbon. Materials containing Carbon are called “organic” chemicals. SCI 3010 Environmental Science.
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Forms of Carbon
Aristotle was the tutor of Alexander the Great, and the author of many writings about philosophy, natural history, physics and astronomy. He is regarded as the greatest of the ancient Greek scholars.
Many of his ideas were brilliant, but he also made some serious errors. His teachings were adopted by the early Medieval Christian church and so they became part of the “authorized” teaching of the church. Two major errors related to the composition of matter, and the arrangement of the sun and planets – he believed that the Earth was at the center of the universe with the sun and planets revolving around us…(Geocentric ).
1. A tree weighing 5 pounds was planted in 200 pounds of dirt. 2. After several years Von Helmont dug up the tree and it weighed over 100 pounds. How much did the dirt weigh?
Starting weight of dirt = 200 pounds
Ending weight of tree = 100 pounds
Ending weight of dirt = 199 ½ pounds
So what is the tree made of? Not dirt!
Aristotle and Galileo
Galileo’s notebook drawings of the surface of the moon (showing the shadows of moon mountains) and his notebook page with the observations of the moons of Jupiter….
Glacial “till” (showing the shadows of moon mountains) - a mix of different sizes and types of rocks. Very familiar to anyone who has hiked or tried to dig a hole in New England ground!