Childhood Development
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Childhood Development. “Although physical, cognitive, and social development can be put in separate sections in a book, in real life…” (p.64). Preschool Development. Physical Development Small Muscle (Fine Motor) Large Muscle (Gross Motor) Activity Level Visual Ability.

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Childhood Development

“Although physical, cognitive, and social development can be put in separate sections in a book, in real life…” (p.64)


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Preschool Development

  • Physical Development

    • Small Muscle (Fine Motor)

    • Large Muscle (Gross Motor)

    • Activity Level

    • Visual Ability


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Preschool Development

  • Cognitive Development

    • Preoperational Thought

What is your earliest memory?

  • General Scripts (Nelson)


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Preschool Development

  • Language Acquisition

    • Oral

    • Reading

    • Writing


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Preschool Development

  • Socioemotional (Psychosocial) Development

    • Initiative Vs. Guilt

    • Peer Relationships

    • Prosocial Behavior

    • Play

      • Solitary

      • Parallel

      • Associative

      • Cooperative


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Kinds of Early Childhood Education Programs

  • Day-Care and Nursery Schools

  • Compensatory Preschool - Head Start

    • History

    • Outcomes


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Elementary Development

  • Physical Development

    • Growth Rate Slows in Primary

    • Growth Rate Spurts in Middle Grades for Girls

  • Cognitive Abilities

    • Concrete Operational Stage

    • Development of Memory

    • Development of Cognitive Skills (Conservation, Classification, etc.)


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Elementary Development

  • Socioemotional (Psychosocial) Development

    • Self-Concept

    • Self-Esteem

    • Development of Friendships

    • Peer Acceptance

    • Industry Vs. Inferiority

  • The Multidimensional Classroom


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Middle and High School Development

  • Physical

    • - Puberty

    • Secondary Sex Characteristics

    • Sex Differences

  • Cognitive

    • Intellectual Growth Spurt

    • Transition from Concrete to Formal Operations

    • Hypothetical-Deductive Reasoning


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Middle and High School Development

  • Socioemotional (Psychosocial)

    • Relationship with Peers, Parents and Teachers

    • Adolescent Egocentrism

  • Identity Vs. Role Confusion

    • Try on Masks

    • Search the Past

    • Pay Attention to How Others View You

    • Act on Feelings

    • Express Opinions


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Middle and High School Development

  • Marcia’s Four Identity Statuses (Plus One)

    • Foreclosure

    • Identity Diffusion

    • Negative Identity

    • Moratorium

    • Identity Achievement (Positive Outcome)


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Middle and High School Development

  • Problems of Adolescence

    • Emotional Disorders

    • Dropping Out

    • Drug and Alcohol Abuse

    • Delinquency

    • Risk of Pregnancy

    • Risk of AIDS


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