automating installations by using the microsoft windows 2000 setup manager
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Automating Installations by Using the Microsoft Windows 2000 Setup Manager

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Automating Installations by Using the Microsoft Windows 2000 Setup Manager Create setup scripts simply and easily. Create and modify answer files and UDFs with a graphical interface. Include application setup scripts in the answer file.

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automating installations by using the microsoft windows 2000 setup manager
Automating Installations by Using the Microsoft Windows 2000 Setup Manager
  • Create setup scripts simply and easily.
  • Create and modify answer files and UDFs with a graphical interface.
  • Include application setup scripts in the answer file.
  • Create the distribution folder used for the installation files.

1

setup manager presents three options when started
Setup Manager Presents Three Options When Started
  • Create A New Answer File
  • Create An Answer File That Duplicates This Computer’s Configuration
  • Modify An Existing Answer File
introducing disk duplication
Introducing Disk Duplication
  • Install Windows 2000 on several computers with identical hardware.
    • Create a disk image of a Windows 2000 installation.
    • Copy the disk image to multiple computers.
    • You’ll be able to reinstall computers quickly.
  • Use the System Preparation tool (Sysprep.exe) to create the image.
  • Use third party disk-imaging tools to distribute the image.
examining the disk duplication process
Examining the Disk Duplication Process
  • Install and configure Windows 2000 on a test computer.
  • Install and configure any applications on the test computer.
  • Install any application update packs on the test computer.
  • Run the System Preparation tool on the test computer.
installing the windows 2000 system preparation tool
Installing the Windows 2000 System Preparation Tool
  • Extract the files from Deploy.cab.
  • Copy these files onto the test computer.
using the system preparation tool
Using the System Preparation Tool
  • Every computer must have a unique SID.
  • Every master image has a Mini-Setup wizard added to it.
    • Runs the first time the computer is started
    • Guides a user through entering user-specific information
    • Enters the user-specific information automatically if scripted
  • Every destination computer must match the master computer.
installing windows 2000 from a master disk image
Installing Windows 2000 from a Master Disk Image
  • Run Sysprep on your test computer.
  • Run a third-party disk image copying tool.
  • Save the new disk image on a shared folder or CD-ROM.
  • Copy this image to the multiple destination computers.
  • Start the destination computers and the Mini-Setup wizard starts.
  • Provide a Sysprep.inf file to bypass the Mini-Setup wizard.
understanding remote installation
Understanding Remote Installation
  • Remote installation is the most efficient method of deploying Windows 2000 Professional.
  • The process of performing a remote installation consists of
    • Connecting to a Remote Installation Services (RIS) server.
    • Starting an automatic installation of Windows 2000 Professional.
the benefits of remote installation
The Benefits of Remote Installation
  • Enables remote installation of Windows 2000 Professional
  • Simplifies server image management
  • Supports recovery of the operating system and computer
  • Retains security settings after restarting the destination computer
  • Reduces Total Cost of Ownership (TCO)
examining the prerequisites
Examining the Prerequisites
  • RIS is available only with Windows 2000 Server products.
  • RIS requires additional network services.
    • DNS Service
    • DHCP Service
    • Active Directory directory services
  • RIS is installed on a volume that is shared over the network.
the remote installation services setup wizard
The Remote Installation Services Setup Wizard
  • Installs the RIS software
  • Creates the remote installation folder
  • Copies the Windows 2000 Professional installation files to the server
  • Adds .SIF files
  • Configures the Client Installation wizard screens
  • Updates the registry
  • Starts the required Remote Installation Services
client computers that support remote installation
Client Computers That Support Remote Installation
  • Meet the Net PC specification
  • Have an NIC (network interface card or network adapter) with a PXE boot ROM and BIOS support for starting from it
  • Have a supported NIC and a remote installation boot disk
net pcs
Net PCs
  • Have the ability to perform a network boot
  • Manage upgrades
  • Prevent users from changing the hardware or operating system configuration
  • Have additional configuration requirements for RIS installations
computers not meeting the net pc specification
Computers Not Meeting the Net PC Specification
  • Install a NIC with a PXE boot ROM.
  • Set BIOS to start from the PXE boot ROM.
  • Assign the user right “Log on as a batch job.”
  • Assign the user permissions to create computer accounts.
creating boot disks
Creating Boot Disks
  • Create a boot disk
    • If the NIC is not equipped with a PXE boot ROM.
    • If the BIOS does not allow starting from the NIC.
  • Use the boot disk to simulate the PXB boot process.
  • Run Rbfg.exe to create a boot disk.
identifying client upgrade paths
Identifying Client Upgrade Paths
  • Upgrade Microsoft Windows 95 to Windows 2000 Professional.
  • Upgrade Microsoft Windows 98 to Windows 2000 Professional.
  • Upgrade Windows NT Workstation 3.51 and 4 to Windows 2000 Professional.
  • Upgrade Windows NT 3.1 or 3.5 to Windows NT 3.51 or 4 first.
identifying hardware requirements
Identifying Hardware Requirements
  • Intel Pentium processor 166 MHz or higher
  • 32 MB or more of memory
  • 650 MB or more free space on the boot partition
  • VGA or higher video card and monitor
  • CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive for CD-ROM installations
  • Network interface card and related cables
  • Keyboard and mouse or other pointing device
generating a hardware compatibility report
Generating a Hardware Compatibility Report
  • Use the Windows 2000 Compatibility tool.
    • Run Winnt32/checkupgradeonly.
    • Run the Chkupgrd.exe utility.
  • Review the report
    • Generated as a text document
    • Documents incompatible hardware and software
identifying incompatible software
Identifying Incompatible Software
  • Third-party networking protocols without an update in i386\Winntupg
  • Third-party client software without an update in i386\Winntupg
  • All antivirus applications
  • All disk quota software
  • Custom power management software or tools
upgrading windows 95 or windows 98
Upgrading Windows 95 or Windows 98
  • Run Winnt32.exe.
  • Accept the license agreement.
  • Create a computer account for computers in the domain.
  • Provide any application upgrade packs.
  • Decide if you want to upgrade to NTFS.
  • Check the Compatibility report and continue if compatible.
installing the directory service client
Installing the Directory Service Client
  • Install on incompatible computers running Windows 95 or Windows 98.
  • Provides support for Active Directory features
    • Using fault-tolerant Dfs
    • Searching Active Directory directory services
    • Changing your password on any domain controller
  • Install Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.01 or later on computers running Windows 95 and enable the Active Desktop.
  • Run Dsclient.exe.
upgrading windows nt 3 51 and 4 clients
Upgrading Windows NT 3.51 and 4 Clients
  • Run the Windows 2000 Compatibility tool.
  • Run Winnt32 and select Upgrade To Windows 2000 (Recommended).
  • No Directory Service Client is available for Windows NT 3.51 or Windows NT 4.
installing service packs in previous versions of windows
Installing Service Packs in Previous Versions of Windows
  • You installed the operating system and then applied required service packs.
  • You had to reinstall components after installing a service pack.
  • Windows 2000 eliminates the need to reinstall components.
slipstreaming service packs
Slipstreaming Service Packs
  • Integrates service packs with the Windows 2000 installation files
    • Allows you to keep one master image of the operating system.
    • Installs the service pack files during the Windows 2000 installation.
    • Saves time.
  • Apply new service packs by running Update.exe with the /slip switch.
deploying service packs after windows 2000 is installed
Deploying Service Packs After Windows 2000 Is Installed
  • Run Update.exe to replace the existing Windows 2000 files with the appropriate new files from the service pack.
  • Adding and removing services does not require service packs to be reapplied.
    • Windows 2000 automatically recognizes that a service pack has been applied.
    • Windows 2000 automatically copies the necessary files from either the Windows 2000 installation files or the service pack install location.
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