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Automating Installations by Using the Microsoft Windows 2000 Setup Manager Create setup scripts simply and easily. Create and modify answer files and UDFs with a graphical interface. Include application setup scripts in the answer file.

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Automating Installations by Using the Microsoft Windows 2000 Setup Manager

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Automating installations by using the microsoft windows 2000 setup manager l.jpg

Automating Installations by Using the Microsoft Windows 2000 Setup Manager

  • Create setup scripts simply and easily.

  • Create and modify answer files and UDFs with a graphical interface.

  • Include application setup scripts in the answer file.

  • Create the distribution folder used for the installation files.

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Setup Manager Presents Three Options When Started

  • Create A New Answer File

  • Create An Answer File That Duplicates This Computer’s Configuration

  • Modify An Existing Answer File


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Introducing Disk Duplication

  • Install Windows 2000 on several computers with identical hardware.

    • Create a disk image of a Windows 2000 installation.

    • Copy the disk image to multiple computers.

    • You’ll be able to reinstall computers quickly.

  • Use the System Preparation tool (Sysprep.exe) to create the image.

  • Use third party disk-imaging tools to distribute the image.


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Examining the Disk Duplication Process

  • Install and configure Windows 2000 on a test computer.

  • Install and configure any applications on the test computer.

  • Install any application update packs on the test computer.

  • Run the System Preparation tool on the test computer.


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Installing the Windows 2000 System Preparation Tool

  • Extract the files from Deploy.cab.

  • Copy these files onto the test computer.


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Using the System Preparation Tool

  • Every computer must have a unique SID.

  • Every master image has a Mini-Setup wizard added to it.

    • Runs the first time the computer is started

    • Guides a user through entering user-specific information

    • Enters the user-specific information automatically if scripted

  • Every destination computer must match the master computer.


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Installing Windows 2000 from a Master Disk Image

  • Run Sysprep on your test computer.

  • Run a third-party disk image copying tool.

  • Save the new disk image on a shared folder or CD-ROM.

  • Copy this image to the multiple destination computers.

  • Start the destination computers and the Mini-Setup wizard starts.

  • Provide a Sysprep.inf file to bypass the Mini-Setup wizard.


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Understanding Remote Installation

  • Remote installation is the most efficient method of deploying Windows 2000 Professional.

  • The process of performing a remote installation consists of

    • Connecting to a Remote Installation Services (RIS) server.

    • Starting an automatic installation of Windows 2000 Professional.


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The Benefits of Remote Installation

  • Enables remote installation of Windows 2000 Professional

  • Simplifies server image management

  • Supports recovery of the operating system and computer

  • Retains security settings after restarting the destination computer

  • Reduces Total Cost of Ownership (TCO)


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Examining the Prerequisites

  • RIS is available only with Windows 2000 Server products.

  • RIS requires additional network services.

    • DNS Service

    • DHCP Service

    • Active Directory directory services

  • RIS is installed on a volume that is shared over the network.


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The Remote Installation Services Setup Wizard

  • Installs the RIS software

  • Creates the remote installation folder

  • Copies the Windows 2000 Professional installation files to the server

  • Adds .SIF files

  • Configures the Client Installation wizard screens

  • Updates the registry

  • Starts the required Remote Installation Services


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Client Computers That Support Remote Installation

  • Meet the Net PC specification

  • Have an NIC (network interface card or network adapter) with a PXE boot ROM and BIOS support for starting from it

  • Have a supported NIC and a remote installation boot disk


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Net PCs

  • Have the ability to perform a network boot

  • Manage upgrades

  • Prevent users from changing the hardware or operating system configuration

  • Have additional configuration requirements for RIS installations


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Computers Not Meeting the Net PC Specification

  • Install a NIC with a PXE boot ROM.

  • Set BIOS to start from the PXE boot ROM.

  • Assign the user right “Log on as a batch job.”

  • Assign the user permissions to create computer accounts.


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Creating Boot Disks

  • Create a boot disk

    • If the NIC is not equipped with a PXE boot ROM.

    • If the BIOS does not allow starting from the NIC.

  • Use the boot disk to simulate the PXB boot process.

  • Run Rbfg.exe to create a boot disk.


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Identifying Client Upgrade Paths

  • Upgrade Microsoft Windows 95 to Windows 2000 Professional.

  • Upgrade Microsoft Windows 98 to Windows 2000 Professional.

  • Upgrade Windows NT Workstation 3.51 and 4 to Windows 2000 Professional.

  • Upgrade Windows NT 3.1 or 3.5 to Windows NT 3.51 or 4 first.


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Identifying Hardware Requirements

  • Intel Pentium processor 166 MHz or higher

  • 32 MB or more of memory

  • 650 MB or more free space on the boot partition

  • VGA or higher video card and monitor

  • CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drive for CD-ROM installations

  • Network interface card and related cables

  • Keyboard and mouse or other pointing device


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Generating a Hardware Compatibility Report

  • Use the Windows 2000 Compatibility tool.

    • Run Winnt32/checkupgradeonly.

    • Run the Chkupgrd.exe utility.

  • Review the report

    • Generated as a text document

    • Documents incompatible hardware and software


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Identifying Incompatible Software

  • Third-party networking protocols without an update in i386\Winntupg

  • Third-party client software without an update in i386\Winntupg

  • All antivirus applications

  • All disk quota software

  • Custom power management software or tools


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Upgrading Windows 95 or Windows 98

  • Run Winnt32.exe.

  • Accept the license agreement.

  • Create a computer account for computers in the domain.

  • Provide any application upgrade packs.

  • Decide if you want to upgrade to NTFS.

  • Check the Compatibility report and continue if compatible.


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Installing the Directory Service Client

  • Install on incompatible computers running Windows 95 or Windows 98.

  • Provides support for Active Directory features

    • Using fault-tolerant Dfs

    • Searching Active Directory directory services

    • Changing your password on any domain controller

  • Install Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.01 or later on computers running Windows 95 and enable the Active Desktop.

  • Run Dsclient.exe.


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Upgrading Windows NT 3.51 and 4 Clients

  • Run the Windows 2000 Compatibility tool.

  • Run Winnt32 and select Upgrade To Windows 2000 (Recommended).

  • No Directory Service Client is available for Windows NT 3.51 or Windows NT 4.


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Installing Service Packs in Previous Versions of Windows

  • You installed the operating system and then applied required service packs.

  • You had to reinstall components after installing a service pack.

  • Windows 2000 eliminates the need to reinstall components.


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Slipstreaming Service Packs

  • Integrates service packs with the Windows 2000 installation files

    • Allows you to keep one master image of the operating system.

    • Installs the service pack files during the Windows 2000 installation.

    • Saves time.

  • Apply new service packs by running Update.exe with the /slip switch.


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Deploying Service Packs After Windows 2000 Is Installed

  • Run Update.exe to replace the existing Windows 2000 files with the appropriate new files from the service pack.

  • Adding and removing services does not require service packs to be reapplied.

    • Windows 2000 automatically recognizes that a service pack has been applied.

    • Windows 2000 automatically copies the necessary files from either the Windows 2000 installation files or the service pack install location.


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