Basic photography composition light
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Basic photography - Composition & light. Adapted from Jim Lucas Franklin, pg. 231-238 Williams & Tollett, pg. 185-192. Photographs. Visualize role in design and message Survey different sources Adjust or remove features to complement purpose Choose simple, yet interesting composition

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Basic photography - Composition & light

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Basic photography composition light

Basic photography - Composition & light

Adapted from Jim Lucas

Franklin, pg. 231-238

Williams & Tollett, pg. 185-192


Photographs

Photographs

  • Visualize role in design and message

  • Survey different sources

  • Adjust or remove features to complement purpose

  • Choose simple, yet interesting composition

  • Select lighting that enhances subject or reinforces the message

  • Choose angle that best shows subject and reinforces the purpose

  • Use color when practical

  • Establish size, scale and orientation


Keep it simple

Keep it simple

  • Keep background uncluttered

  • Avoid mergers

  • Have single dominant subject


Single dominant subject

Single dominant subject


Cluttered background

Cluttered background


Avoid mergers

Avoid mergers


Angle

Angle

  • Low angle

    • Clear sky backdrop

    • Accentuate movement or action

  • High angle

    • Eliminate cloudy sky

  • Avoid centered horizons

  • Use the light

  • Emphasize a point, tone


Angle1

Angle


Strong center of interest

Strong center of interest

  • Take pictures at different angles with different compositions

  • Work around the rule of thirds


Rule of thirds

Rule of Thirds


Rule of thirds1

Rule of Thirds


Balance

Balance

  • Balance color and weight in a picture

  • Formal and informal

  • Symmetrical and asymmetrical


Basic photography composition light

Line

  • Line leads the eye

    • Diagonals

    • S-curves

  • Static vs. dynamic lines

  • Shape


Basic photography composition light

Line


Basic photography composition light

Line


Basic photography composition light

Line


Framing

Framing

  • Adds depth

  • Should fit theme

  • Watch focus on foreground

    • Focus on foreground in landscape

    • Focus on subject in portraits

    • Auto-focus should be centered on main topic

    • Overall—Depends on camera


Framing1

Framing


Framing2

Framing


Fill the frame

Fill the frame

  • Would this picture look better if I was closer?

    • Focus on subject

    • Detail

  • Start far and move closer

  • Fill the frame with objects that “fit”

  • Long range shots provide depth and perspective


Fill the frame1

Fill the frame


Fill the frame2

Fill the frame


Pick a good light direction

Pick a good light direction

  • Three light directions

    • Front - sunny with high color

    • Side - depth and texture

    • Back - dynamic but challenging; silhouettes and water effects


Light direction

Light Direction?


Light direction1

Light Direction?


Contrast

Contrast

  • Hard vs. soft light

    • Sunny days – high contrast (hard light)

    • Cloudy days – low contrast (soft light)

  • Portraits often use soft light (shaded area)

  • Flash will reduce contrast

  • Soft light helps with color variations

  • Time of day


Light and contrast

Light and contrast


Light and contrast1

Light and contrast


Time of day

Time of day


Light type

Light type


Action shot tips

Action shot tips

  • High shutter speed

  • Telephoto lens

    • Longer lens means faster shutter speed

  • Stopping motion

    • Far is easier than near

    • Straight is easier than diagonal

    • Diagonal is easier than right angles

  • Panning


Action shots

Action shots


Landscape tips

Landscape tips

  • Take pictures at the start and end of the day

  • Anticipate weather changes

  • Diffused light can highlight patterns and textures

  • Bright light highlights monochrome colors

  • Move around to exclude or block objects from view


Objects in the landscape tips

Objects in the landscape tips

  • Add scale, depth and focal points

  • Use items to add interest to common or simple scenes


Sunset tips

Sunset tips

  • Include shadowed image for interest

  • Often best after the sun has actually gone down

  • Less time closer to the equator to take


Wildlife tips

Wildlife tips

  • Fill the frame

  • Avoid barriers

  • Shoot against the glass if in a car (no flash)

  • Use tripod

  • Blur background, or find simple one

  • Focus on the eyes

  • Go for natural poses, growls, yawns, etc.


Garden tips

Garden tips

  • Strong diffused light is generally best—especially for single blooms

  • Macro lens

    • Can help you get a 1:1 ration

    • Avoid shadowing your subject

    • Have smaller aperture to allow more depth of field

    • Without macro = 4 foot minimum


Take away tips

Take-away tips

  • Think

  • Experiment

  • Move

  • Wait

  • Rule of Thirds


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