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ASSESSING POSSIBILITIES FOR POLLUTION PREVENTION IN INDIAN INDUSTRIES BY INTRODUCING CLEAN TECHNOLOGIES - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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ASSESSING POSSIBILITIES FOR POLLUTION PREVENTION IN INDIAN INDUSTRIES BY INTRODUCING CLEAN TECHNOLOGIES. Ashok Sharma JSPS ROMPAKU FELLOW GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES . Environment Vs. Development. Win Lose Lose Win Lose Lose Win Win Cleantech Offers Solutions.

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ASSESSING POSSIBILITIES FOR POLLUTION PREVENTION IN INDIAN INDUSTRIES BY INTRODUCING CLEAN TECHNOLOGIES

Ashok Sharma

JSPS ROMPAKU FELLOW

GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES


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Environment Vs. Development

  • Win Lose

  • Lose Win

  • Lose Lose

  • Win Win

  • Cleantech Offers Solutions

CLEANTECH


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CLEANER PRODUCTION

  • Source reduction of pollutants in a facility through changes in Product design, process technology, fuel, materials, practices or innovation

  • To achieve LOW or NO waste

CLEANTECH


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PC CP

  • Begins at the Goes along the end of the pipe process

  • Coercive Voluntary

  • Compliant Beyond Compliance

  • Conventional Innovative

  • Conservative Creative

  • Regulatory Promotional

  • AT COST AT PROFIT

CLEANTECH


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Cleantech Potential PC CP

Directly proportional to:

  • Cost of Materials

  • Toxicity of Materials

  • Hazard Potential

  • Volume of Wastes

  • Energy intensity of Process

CLEANTECH


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Emerging CP Technologies PC CP

  • Separation technologies

  • Handling technologies

  • Energy efficiency/Clean fuel

  • Biotechnology/Catalysis

  • Recycling

  • Innovation

  • Tools: LCA, Value Engineering

  • Landmarks: ISO 14000, Eco-Mark

CLEANTECH


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CP Equipment PC Equipment PC CP

  • Centrifuge Aerators

  • Filters Digesters

  • Membranes Clarifiers

  • Evaporators Mixers

  • Compressors Cyclones

  • Fractionators Filters

  • Freeze Dryers Scrubbers

  • Super Critical Reactors ESP’s

  • Waste heat dryers

  • Turbocharger

  • Microwave Dryers

  • Process simulators

  • Programmable Controls

  • Ozonators

CLEANTECH


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CLEANTECH PROCESS PC CP

  • Preliminary audit

  • Process analysis & material balance

  • Hazard/Toxicity potential

  • Waste streams analysis

  • CP opportunities & options

  • CP plans

    • With capital addition

    • Without capital addition

CLEANTECH


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CLEANTECH APPROACHES PC CP

  • No Waste

  • No Hazard

  • Waste Exchange

  • Industrial Complexing – Integrated Production

  • Design for Environment

    • Dematerialization

    • Detoxification

  • Clean Energy Options

  • Package of Practices

  • Innovation management

CLEANTECH


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Innovative PC CPCleantech modules

  • Membrane technology

  • Microwave Drying

  • Super Critical Extraction

  • Ozonation/Electrolysis

  • Hydrogen/Helium power

  • Waste heat utilization/ Thermo chillers

  • Thermal Plasma/ E-beam technology

  • High Rate Fermentation/biotechnology

CLEANTECH


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Case Studies: Zero Emission PC CP

  • Zero Discharge Electroplating

  • Zero Discharge Textile Dyeing

  • Fruit Processing Waste Elimination

  • The Mushroom Soup Story

  • Virtual Waterless Manufacturing

    • No Freshwater Intake

    • No Wastewater Discharge

CLEANTECH


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Major interventions PC CP

Condensate recovery & recycle

Ozonztion for mill sanitation/whitening

Membrane technology for juice clarification and concentration

Significant results

Zero freshwater

Zero discharge

Biocide elimination

Sulphur free sugar

Energy saving

ISO:14000/E-mark

Virtual Waterless Manufacturing Cane Sugar Production

CLEANTECH


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Major interventions PC CP

Complete recycling of condensate

Cold pasteurization by ozonation

Detergent free CIP process

Elimination of acids

Significant results

70% freshwater cut

80% effluent cut

Acid/alkali/detergent free processing

Zero bacteria

Longer shelf life

Immunoglobulin

Virtual Waterless ManufacturingMilk Processing

CLEANTECH


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Major Interventions PC CP

Closing the loop

Detergent free wash

Non toxic dyes with high transfer rate

Microwave drying

Super critical CO2 dyeing

Significant results

Zero Discharge

Energy saving 92%

Dyestuff utilization

No colour

No toxicity

More money

Virtual Waterless Manufacturing Textile Dyeing & Processing

CLEANTECH


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The Future Implication of CLEANTECH PC CP

The potential implication of cleantech include:

Zero energy approach

De-materialization of Production

Zero emission

A combination of above with resource recycling and co-generation could lead to positive environmental impact


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Implication for Indian Industry PC CP

The self repaying low cost innovation based approach would provide instant opportunity for enviro-management to Indian Industry to beyond compliance levels, simultaneously enhancing their ability to compete globally. This would also unlock the investment potential of Indian Industry for Environment.


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