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Articulatory Processes. Deny A. Kwary www.kwary.net. The Most Common Processes. Assimilation Dissimilation Deletion Epenthesis Metathesis Vowel reduction. Assimilation : Two sounds becoming more alike. Regressive Assimilation

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articulatory processes

Articulatory Processes

Deny A. Kwary

www.kwary.net

the most common processes
The Most Common Processes
  • Assimilation
  • Dissimilation
  • Deletion
  • Epenthesis
  • Metathesis
  • Vowel reduction
assimilation two sounds becoming more alike
Assimilation: Two sounds becoming more alike
  • Regressive Assimilation
    • Assimilation in which a sound influences the preceding segment.
    • E.g. indefinite, impossible, incomplete
  • Progressive Assimilation
    • Assimilation in which a sound influences the following segment.
    • E.g. books, bags
z or s
[-z] or [-s]
  • Bananas
  • Grapes
  • Lemons
  • Cookies
  • Cakes
  • Tarts
  • Potatoes
  • Carrots
  • [-z]
  • [-s]
  • [-z]
  • [-z]
  • [-s]
  • [-s]
  • [-z]
  • [-s]
d t or id
[-d], [-t], or [-id]
  • Studied
  • Kicked
  • Eliminated
  • Erased
  • Looked
  • Typed
  • Measured
  • Surrounded
  • [-d]
  • [-t]
  • [-id]
  • [-d]
  • [-t]
  • [-t]
  • [-d]
  • [-id]
dissimilation two sounds becoming less alike
Dissimilation:Two Sounds Becoming Less Alike
  • Fifths: [f  f  s]  [f  f t s]

Three fricatives  fricative+stop+fricative

deletion
Deletion
  • A process that removes a segment from certain phonetic context.
  • In English, a schwa [] is often deleted when the next vowel in the word is stressed.

suppose: [spz]  [spz]

epenthesis
Epenthesis
  • A process that inserts a segment into a particular environment.
  • For example:
    • (in careful speech) something is pronounced

[smp] instead of [sm]

metathesis
Metathesis
  • A process that reorders a sequence of segments
  • For example:
    • Brid (Old English)  Bird (Modern English)
vowel reduction
Vowel Reduction
  • The articulation of a vowel moves to a more central position when the vowel is unstressed.
  • For example:
    • considerate vs. consideration
p 67 question 15 a h
P.67, Question #15, a-h

a. Assimilation

b. Assimilation

c. Deletion

d. Deletion

e. Epenthesis

f. Deletion

g. Deletion

h. Metathesis

that s all for today

That’s All For Today

See You Next Week

Deny A. Kwary

www.kwary.net

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