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ANIMAL LANGUAGE PLAY by Don L. F. Nilsen DO ANIMALS HAVE “LANGUAGE?” No animals learn a human-type language. However, some animal languages are impressive: “TALKING” ANIMALS: ants bees (Von Frisch) birds (Alcock): parrots and cockatiels (Patterson) bovines canines equines (Clever Hans)

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ANIMAL LANGUAGE PLAY

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ANIMAL LANGUAGE PLAY

by Don L. F. Nilsen

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DO ANIMALS HAVE “LANGUAGE?”

  • No animals learn a human-type language. However, some animal languages are impressive:

13


“TALKING” ANIMALS:

  • ants

  • bees (Von Frisch)

  • birds (Alcock): parrots and cockatiels (Patterson)

  • bovines

  • canines

  • equines (Clever Hans)

  • felines (Nilsen cat)

  • fish: dolphins (Lilly)

  • primates (Vikki-Hayes, Koko-Patterson, Warshow-Gardners, Lana, Nim Chimsky-Terrace, Sarah-Thomas/Church)

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ANIMAL LANGUAGE:

  • Attacking

  • Baring Throat

  • Body Coloring and Shape

  • Calls

  • Chuttering

  • Facial Expression

  • Giving Off Pheromones

  • Singing

  • Tail Slapping

  • Tail Wagging Dancing (Round, Tail-wagging, Sickle)

  • Whistling

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ANIMAL MESSAGES:

  • Attention

  • Come

  • Defiance

  • Dominance

  • Food

  • Friendship

  • Go

  • Mimicry (for deception and for bonding)

  • Protection (camouflage, assistance, misleading enemies…)

  • Sex

  • Territory

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BEES’ ROUND DANCE (Kemp & Smith 663)

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BEES’ TAIL-WAGGING DANCE (Kemp and Smith 664)

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HUMAN-LANGUAGES AMONG ANIMALS:

  • AMESLAN

  • Computers

  • Creations: “Sugar Fruit,” “Finger Bracelet”

  • Magnetic Chips

  • Yerkish

  • NOTE: Some mother primates have taught sign language to their daughters; is this like Planet of the Apes?

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WASHOE SIGNING “TICKLE” (Kemp and Smith 671)

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SARAH’S SYMBOLS (Kemp and Smith 672)

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YERKISH LEXIGRAMS (Kemp and Smith 672)

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!LOL Cat and “Kitty Pidgin”

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Li’l LOL Cat

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LOL Cats Fighting

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LOLrus

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Monorail LOL Cat

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Capitalist LOL Cat

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LOL Cat with Invisible Bike

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LOL Cat with Invisible Football

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LOL Cat with Invisible Sandwich

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See! I told you so!

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Animal-Play Web Sites

ANIMAL POWER MOVES:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GkYbFr7dcIs

CATS VS. DOGS PLAYING:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3dugipeVZtE

DOLPHIN BUBBLES:

http://wimp.com/dolphinbubbles/

ELEPHANTS PLAYING SOCCER:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6sP09MejTcA

ELEPHANT PLAYING SOCCER:

http://www.videovat.com/videos/1419/elephant-soccer.aspx

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I CAN HAS CHEEZBURGER WEB SITE:

http://icanhascheezburger.com/

LOLCAT BIBLE:

http://www.lolcatbible.com/index.php?title=Genesis_1

LOLCAT CALENDAR:

lolcalendar2008.pdf

PETCENTRIC WEB SITE:

http://www.petcentric.com/article.aspx?C=1&OID=180

THE PLANET’S FUNNIEST ANIMALS:

http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=3300886296425225318

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Carnival of the Animalsby Camille Saint-Saëns

The Aquarium:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AsD0FDLOKGA&fature=related

Aviary:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fFFt_kFq_eQ&feature=related

The Cuckoo in the Woods:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kRdGTkszsOc&feature=related

The Donkey (Ferde Grofé’s “On The Trail” from “The Grand Canyon Suite”:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nHckrMUGhGg

Elephants:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jWUt2D0FkdU&feature=related

Fossils:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bcAJpsWWuIY

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Elephants:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jWUt2D0FkdU&feature=related

Fossils:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bcAJpsWWuIY

Kangaroos:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MWPCaE76mHw&feature=related

The Swan:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Mvh4zEKG2zs&feature=related

Tortoises:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8mRJfMi3xYw&feature=related

Finale:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iR-18CyGTEY&feature=related

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HUMANS PLAYING:

GIRLS ON BICYCLES

http://wimp.com/bicycleskill/

PLAY & FOLKLORE JOURNAL:

http://museumvictoria.com.au/pages/15449/play-and-folklore-53-april-2010.pdf

TASP: THE ASSOCIATION FOR THE STUDY OF PLAY:

http://www.tasplay.org

TRICK PLAY IN FOOTBALL:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dKE9SFCe0HU

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References:

Brubaker, Jed R. “Wants moar: Visual Media’s Use of Text in LOLcats and Silent Film.” Gnovis Journal 8.2 (Spring, 2008): 117-124.

Clark, Virginia, Paul Eschholz, and Alfred Rosa. Language: Readings in Language and Culture, 6th Edition. New York, NY: St. Martin’s Press, 1998.

Daniels, Harvey A. “Nine Ideas about Language (Clark, 43-60).

Gamble, Jennifer. “Humor in Apes.” HUMOR: International Journal of Humor Research 14.2 (2001): 163-179.

Kemp, William, and Roy Smith. “Signals, Signs, and Words: From Animal Communication to Language” (Clark 658-679).

Kennedy, Justin. “Synecdoche and Humor.” Unpublished ENG 414 Paper. Tempe, AZ: ASU, April, 2009.

Wernet, Jamie. “Cult Humor and LOL Cats.” Unpublished ENG 414 Paper, Tempe, AZ: ASU, April, 2009.

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