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Airworthiness Roles & Responsibilities (As Civil As Possible… As Military as Necessary) Captain Steve Greenwood RN – AD Air Systems – CASD Mr John Allan - AD Air Systems – DMSD Themes Why “as civil as possible as military as necessary” International Procurement

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Airworthiness roles responsibilities l.jpg

Airworthiness Roles & Responsibilities

(As Civil As Possible… As Military as Necessary)

Captain Steve Greenwood RN – AD Air Systems – CASD

Mr John Allan - AD Air Systems – DMSD


Themes l.jpg
Themes

  • Why “as civil as possible as military as necessary”

  • International Procurement

  • Different roles within an IPT

  • Principle Airworthiness Roles

  • Possible Models


Why as civil as possible l.jpg
Why? (As civil as possible…)

  • ICAO – “due regard” – Chicago Convention 1944

  • EASA – “due regard as far as practicable to the objectives of this regulation” – 216/2008

  • CAA & ANO

  • SofS – derogations from legislation

  • International Military Procurement

    “Where Defence can rely on exemptions or derogations from either domestic or international law, we introduce standards and management arrangements that are, so far as reasonably practicable, at least as good as those required by legislation”.


International military aviation procurement l.jpg
International Military Aviation Procurement

Project specific arrangements are tailored for each multinational programme…

This costs a huge amount of time and money!

(& leads to tensions across partner nations and industry)

Procedures

Certification

Competence

Maintenance


Eda initiative l.jpg
EDA Initiative

  • Roadmap

  • Common Regulatory Framework;

  • Common Certification Processes;

  • Common approach to Organisational Approvals;

  • Common certification/design codes;

  • Common approach to preservation of airworthiness;

  • Arrangements for mutual recognition;

  • Formation of European Military Joint Airworthiness Authority.


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Regulatory Structure – EDA Initiative

Common Regulatory

Framework

Basic Regulation

JSP553

Common approach to

Preservation of Airworthiness

with

Organisation Approval Codes

Common Certification Processes

with

Organisation Approval Codes

Organisation Approval Codes

Organisation Approval Codes

Organisation Approval Codes

Organisation Approval Codes

05

05

-

-

123

123

-

-

Design Organisation

Design Organisation

05

05

-

-

130 Pt M (G)

130 Pt M (G)

-

-

Continued Airworthiness

Continued Airworthiness

Management

Management

AS9110

AS9110

-

-

Production Organisation

Production Organisation

05

05

-

-

130 Pt 145

130 Pt 145

-

-

Maintenance Organisation

Maintenance Organisation

Common Certification

Design codes

Design Standards

Design Standards

05

05

-

-

130 Pt 147

130 Pt 147

-

-

Training Organisation

Training Organisation

00

00

-

-

970

970

Fixed Wing Aircraft,

Fixed Wing Aircraft,

Processes / Standards

Processes / Standards

Processes / Standards

Helicopters,

Helicopters,

UAVs

UAVs

and Engines

and Engines

05

05

-

-

130 Part M (C)

130 Part M (C)

-

-

Airworthiness

Airworthiness

Management

Management

Guidance Material

Guidance Material

Guidance Material

Guidance Material

Acceptable Means of Compliance

Acceptable Means of Compliance

Acceptable Means of Compliance

Acceptable Means of Compliance

JAP100A

-

01


Conflict of interest l.jpg
Conflict of interest?

  • Each safety management organisation is to demonstrate a level of independence such that its activities are not unreasonably constrained by operating or commercial pressures.

    JSP550 Reg 445.100.2


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How many hats does an IPTL wear?

TAA

Customer

Owner

Supplier

TCH

Maintainer

Buyer

Duty Holder

CAMO

Team Leader


Principles l.jpg
Principles

  • Structure of Airworthiness Roles in 3 Groups:

    • Regulation

    • Management

    • Delivery

  • Organised to:

    • Create clarity of responsibility

    • Avoid conflicts of interest within individual accountability


The key principles where we want to be l.jpg

Certify Products

Approve Organisation

The Key Principles – Where We Want to Be

Regulator

Designer

Operator

Design

Individual Aircraft

Type Certificate

Certificate of Airworthiness


Airworthiness principles roles l.jpg

Designer

Operator

Airworthiness Principles - Roles

Regulator

Sets the Rules; Establishes Competence (organisational approvals); Certifies Products

Operates and Maintains Aircraft to the Designer’s Limits and Procedures

Establishes and Maintains an Airworthy Design

Design

Individual Aircraft


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Roles & Responsibilities - Civil

  • Regulator (EASA/CAA) – rules, design, operating & CA standards, approvals & survey;

  • TC Holder (OEM/Manufacturer) – through life design, continuous improvement;

  • AOC Holder (Airline) – operates within rules, preserve airworthiness;

  • CAMO – maintenance programmes & management, feedback, maintain airworthiness;

  • Maintenance Organisation – ‘garage’.


Regulation structure civil easa l.jpg

Basic Regulation

Basic Regulation

216/2008.

1592/2002

Organisation Approval Codes

Organisation Approval Codes

Organisation Approval Codes

Organisation Approval Codes

Organisation Approval Codes

Organisation Approval Codes

Pt 21(J)

Pt 21(J)

Pt 21(J)

-

-

-

Design Organisation

Design Organisation

Design Organisation

Pt M (G)

Pt M (G)

Pt M (G)

-

-

-

Continued Airworthiness

Continued Airworthiness

Continued Airworthiness

Management

Management

Management

Pt 21(G)

Pt 21(G)

Pt 21(G)

-

-

-

Production Organisation

Production Organisation

Production Organisation

Pt 145

Pt 145

Pt 145

-

-

-

Maintenance Organisation

Maintenance Organisation

Maintenance Organisation

Certification Standards

Certification Standards

Certification Standards

Pt 147

Pt 147

Pt 147

-

-

-

Training Organisation

Training Organisation

Training Organisation

CS25

CS25

CS25

-

-

-

Aeroplanes

Aeroplanes

Aeroplanes

Processes / Standards

Processes / Standards

Processes / Standards

CS29

CS29

CS29

-

-

-

Helicopters

Helicopters

Helicopters

Pt M (C)

Pt M (C)

Pt M (C)

-

-

-

Airworthiness

Airworthiness

Airworthiness

E

E

E

-

-

-

Engines

Engines

Engines

Management

Management

Management

Guidance Material

Guidance Material

Guidance Material

Guidance Material

Guidance Material

Guidance Material

Acceptable Means of Compliance

Acceptable Means of Compliance

Acceptable Means of Compliance

Acceptable Means of Compliance

Acceptable Means of Compliance

Acceptable Means of Compliance

Regulation Structure – Civil (EASA)


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Regulation Structure - Military

Basic Regulation

Basic Regulation

JSP553

JSP553

Organisation Approval Codes

Organisation Approval Codes

Organisation Approval Codes

Organisation Approval Codes

Organisation Approval Codes

Organisation Approval Codes

Design Organisation

05

05

05

-

-

-

123

123

123

-

-

-

Design Organisation

Design Organisation

05

05

05

-

-

-

130 Pt M (G)

130 Pt M (G)

130 Pt M (G)

-

-

-

Continued Airworthiness

Continued Airworthiness

Continued Airworthiness

Management

Management

Management

AS9100

AS9110

AS9110

-

-

-

Production Organisation

Production Organisation

Production Organisation

05

05

05

-

-

-

130 Pt 145

130 Pt 145

130 Pt 145

-

-

-

Maintenance Organisation

Maintenance Organisation

Maintenance Organisation

Design Standards

Design Standards

Design Standards

05

05

05

-

-

-

130 Pt 147

130 Pt 147

130 Pt 147

-

-

-

Training Organisation

Training Organisation

Training Organisation

00

00

00

-

-

-

970

970

970

Fixed Wing Aircraft,

Fixed Wing Aircraft,

Fixed Wing Aircraft,

Processes / Standards

Processes / Standards

Processes / Standards

Helicopters,

Helicopters,

Helicopters,

UAVs

UAVs

UAVs

and Engines

and Engines

and Engines

05

05

05

-

-

-

130 Part M (C)

130 Part M (C)

130 Part M (C)

-

-

-

Airworthiness

Airworthiness

Airworthiness

Management

Management

Management

Guidance Material

Guidance Material

Guidance Material

Guidance Material

Acceptable Means of Compliance

Acceptable Means of Compliance

Acceptable Means of Compliance

Acceptable Means of Compliance

01

JAP100A

JAP100A

-

-

01


Roles responsibilities military l.jpg
Roles & Responsibilities - Military

  • Regulator (MAFTR/TAA) – rules, design, operating & CA standards, approvals & survey;

  • TC Holder (MOD or OEM/Manufacturer) – through life design, continuous improvement;

  • AOA – operates within rules, preserve airworthiness;

  • CAMO – maintenance programmes & management, feedback, maintain airworthiness;

  • Maintenance Organisation – ‘garage’.

    If only it were so simple!


Roles responsibilities mod l.jpg
Roles & Responsibilities - MOD

  • Regulator (MAFTR) – rules, design, operating & CA standards, approvals;

  • Military TC Holder (OEM/Manufacturer/MOD?) – through life design, continuous improvement;

  • AOA FLC/Company – operates within rules, preserve airworthiness;

  • CAMO – maintenance programmes & management feedback, maintain airworthiness;

  • Maintenance Organisation – ‘garage’;

    But:

  • TAA – type & tail no specific regulation – (Crown Servant) – airworthiness responsibility;

  • RTSA

  • IPTL – Programme Manager/Line ManagerTAA?

  • MOD/Prime/Sub – what roles?



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Regulatory Environment

MoD Airworthiness & Flight Test Regulators

Type Airworthiness Authority

Management Organisations

Release to Service Authority

Integrated Project Team Leader

Aircraft Operating Authority

Continued Airworthiness Management Organisation

Type Certificate Holder

Design Approved Organisation

Maintenance Approved Organisation

Service Maintenance Organisations

Training Approved Organisation

Training Approved Organisation

Delivery Organisations


Slide19 l.jpg

Management Organisations

Release to Service Authority

Integrated Project Team Leader

Aircraft Operating Authority

Continued Airworthiness Management Organisation

Type Certificate Holder

Regulatory Environment

MoD Airworthiness & Flight Test Regulators

Type Airworthiness Authority

Design Approved Organisation

Maintenance Approved Organisation

Service Maintenance Organisations

Training Approved Organisation

Training Approved Organisation

Delivery Organisations


What could we give to industry l.jpg
What Could We Give To Industry?

  • Project Specific!

  • Mil Type Certificate Holder?

  • AOA?

  • CAMO – Part M approval?

  • Mil Part 145 approval


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Questions?

www.maos.mod.uk


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