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Visiting Gardens Objective: Expose students to professional garden designs as a reference and source of inspiration. University of Illinois Arboretum Established in 1998 Purpose To serve as a teaching laboratory Conserve _______________________ Conduct research on horticultural plants

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Visiting gardens l.jpg

Visiting Gardens

Objective: Expose students to professional garden designs as a reference and source of inspiration.


University of illinois arboretum l.jpg
University of Illinois Arboretum

  • Established in 1998

  • Purpose

    • To serve as a teaching laboratory

    • Conserve _______________________

    • Conduct research on horticultural plants

    • Public demonstration

  • Components

    • Tree plantings

    • Japan Cultural House

    • Hartley Trial Garden

    • Master Gardener IDEA Demonstration Garden


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Japan House and Tree Plantings

  • Japan House

    • Includes a formal Japanese garden

      • Rock and sand sculpture

      • Fish ponds

      • Bridges

      • _______________________ trees

    • A traditional ceremonial structure

      • Hold tea ceremonies

      • Contain traditional Japanese decor and architecture

  • Tree Plantings

    • Permanent elements of the arboretum

      • Nut grove

      • Ornamental tree and hedge rows


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Hartley Trial Garden

  • Used to demonstrate and evaluate annual flowers

  • Part of the All-American Trials

    • Nation-wide trial of annual cultivars to determine a best overall performance for every climate

    • Not necessarily the best performing cultivars for your area, but best in terms of every represented climate in the U.S.

  • A formalized garden design

    • Symmetry

    • Paths

    • Focal point and perspective

    • Arbors

    • Benches


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Master Gardener IDEA Demonstration Garden

  • Who are Master Gardeners?

    • Volunteers with the U of I Extension who undergo _________________________ in horticulture ~ formally certified as “Master Gardeners”

    • Answer _________________________questions

    • Conduct volunteer activities in the community, including summer demonstrations at the IDEA Garden

Questions on home gardens?

Ask the Master Gardeners.


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Formal Garden Design

  • 4-Squares Design

    • Based on the intersection of two major paths within a _______________________ enclosed area

      • 4 equal areas allow crop rotation

    • Enclosed by a fence, wall, or shrubs

    • Traditional design for kitchen gardens dating back to middle ages

  • IDEA Garden is a modification on the 4-Squares design

    • Not a true kitchen garden

    • Plantings outside ____________________________ not common


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Important Features

  • Fence or walls

    • Define boundaries of the garden

    • Protection against animals and wind

  • Paths

    • Determine a reference point for other garden features

    • Covered with wood chips or bricks to prevent weeds and allow access

  • Raised beds

  • Water source

  • Focal point -usually a structure in the center

  • ________________________ - show

    detailed information

  • Inter-planting and _________________________ planting


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