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Types of Crime. By Felix Romero. Introduction. There are six main types of crime: Crimes Against Persons Crimes Against Habitation Crimes Against Property Crimes Against Morality Modern Crimes Consensual Crimes. Crimes Against Persons. Also known as “violent crimes”

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types of crime

Types of Crime

By Felix Romero

  • There are six main types of crime:
    • Crimes Against Persons
    • Crimes Against Habitation
    • Crimes Against Property
    • Crimes Against Morality
    • Modern Crimes
    • Consensual Crimes
crimes against persons
Crimes Against Persons
  • Also known as “violent crimes”
  • There are five major types that the FBI measures (Territo 2004):
    • Battery: Unlawful application of force by a person on another.
    • Homicide: The killing of one human being by another.
    • Hate Crimes: Can be defined as an offense motivated by hatred against a victim because of his or her race, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, handicap, or national origin.
    • Rape: Unlawful sexual intercourse without her consent with the intent to rape.
crimes against persons con t
Crimes Against Persons Con.’t
  • The fifth type of crime against persons is assault.
  • Two different types (Territo 2004):
    • Attempted Battery: Engagement in conduct that comes reasonable close to committing a battery, having the present ability to succeed in committing the battery, and intending to commit the battery.
    • Intentionally Placing Another in Fear: The placing of another person in fear that he or she will receive an immediate battery; the victim must be in fact apprehensive; the conduct must be sufficient so as to create apprehension in a reasonable person; and the defendant had the intent to create that apprehension.
crimes against habitation
Crimes Against Habitation
  • These crimes are against the place where a citizen sleeps regularly.
  • Two major types (Territo 2004):
    • Burglary: which is the breaking and entering of the dwelling house of another in the nighttime with the intent to commit a felony therein.
    • Arson: The malicious burning of a dwelling house of another.
crimes against property
Crimes Against Property
  • These crimes include (Territo 2004):
    • Larceny: Taking and carrying away the personal property of another with the intent to permanently deprive the owner of the property.
    • Robbery: Same elements as Larceny but adds that the taking of property must be in the presence of the victim by the means of either violence or intimidation, or both.
    • Embezzlement: Fraudulent conversion of the property of another by one who is already in lawful possession thereof with the intent to defraud the victim.
crimes against morality
Crimes Against Morality
  • These crimes were not originally tried in the common-law courts; instead they were ecclesiastical crimes, tried and punished by the Church of England. (Territo 2004)
  • Includes:
    • Bigamy: Marrying another person while one’s spouse is still living.
    • Incest: Two people either marry or have sexual relations when they are so closely related.
modern crimes
Modern Crimes
  • The most frequent modern crimes include:
    • Computer Crime
    • Identity Theft
    • Stalking
consensual crimes
Consensual Crimes
  • Also known as victimless crimes, because it is an act that all involved parties choose to be involved.
  • These crimes include gambling, drug use, and prostitution.
  • However, some people argue that these crimes are not victimless crimes, because social norms are violated. (Territo 2004)
consensual crimes con t
Consensual Crimes Con.’t
  • Two main arguments are made for decriminalizing activities such as marijuana use, pornography, and prostitution (Territo 2004):
    • Criminal sanctions against these activities constitute an unwarranted intrusion into individual privacy and an indefensible extension of the government’s authority.
    • Some argue that enforcing laws against these activities overburdens the police, the courts, and the prisons and increases congestion problems in the criminal justice system.
  • Territo, L., Halsted, J.B., & Bromley, M.L. (2004). Crime and justice in america: A human perspective. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.