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“THE TWO COVENANTS” . GAL. 4:24. (By Ron Halbrook). “The Two Covenants”. Intro. 1. Gal. 4:21-31 “The Two Covenants” Contrasted by Allegory. SLAVES Hagar – Law of Moses Ishmael – Followers of Law Born of Human Wisdom Cast Out. FREE Sarah – Gospel of Christ Isaac – Christians

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“THE TWO COVENANTS”

GAL. 4:24

(By Ron Halbrook)


The two covenants
“The Two Covenants”

Intro.

1. Gal. 4:21-31 “The Two Covenants” Contrasted by Allegory

SLAVES

Hagar – Law of Moses

Ishmael – Followers of Law

Born of Human Wisdom

Cast Out

FREE

Sarah – Gospel of Christ

Isaac – Christians

Born of Divine Promise

Accepted


The two covenants1
“The Two Covenants”

2. Three Periods of Bible History

  • Patriarchal Age: “From Adam to Moses” (Rom. 5:14)

  • Mosaic Age: From Moses to Gospel Age

  • Gospel Age: From Acts 2 to End of Time

    3. “The Two Covenants:” Law of Moses & Gospel of Christ —Distinct Roles

    4. Study:

  • Why Two Covenants

  • Law of Moses Nailed to Cross

  • Covenant of Christ Perfect, Final

  • Applications Today


The two covenants2
“The Two Covenants”

I. Gal. 3 Why Two Covenants

A. Vv. 1-5 Blessings Promised by H.S. Given Through Gospel, Not Law of Moses

1 O foolish Galatians, who hath bewitched you, that ye

should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ

hath been evidently set forth, crucified among you?

2 This only would I learn of you, Received ye the Spirit by the

works of the law, or by the hearing of faith? 3 Are ye so

foolish? having begun in the Spirit, are ye now made perfect by

the flesh?

4 Have ye suffered so many things in vain? if it be yet in vain.

5 He therefore that ministereth to you the Spirit, and worketh

miracles among you, doeth he it by the works of the law, or by

the hearing of faith?


The two covenants3
“The Two Covenants”

B. Vv. 6-9 “Even As Abraham:” Saved by Obedient Faith in Promise of Gospel, NOT by Moses’ Law

6 Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.

7 Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham.

8 And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached before the gospel unto Abraham, saying, In thee shall all nations be blessed.

9 So then they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham.


PROMISE TO ABRAM:

SAVIOR

Gen. 12:3

LAW OF MOSES

CHRIST

The Gospel

Perfect Sacrifice for Sin

Obedient Faith

Obedient Faith


The two covenants4
“The Two Covenants”

C. Vv. 10-14 Law of Moses Provided No Perfect Sacrifice, But Christ Did

10 For as many as are of the works of the law are under the curse: for it is written, Cursed is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.

11 But that no man is justified by the law in the sight of God, it is evident: for, The just shall live by faith.

12 And the law is not of faith: but, The man that doeth them shall live in them.

13 Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangeth on a tree:

14 That the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jesus Christ; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through faith.


LAW OF MOSES

Sin

Curse

Animal Sacrifice

PROMISE TO ABRAM:

SAVIOR

Gen. 12:3

CHRIST

The Gospel

Perfect Sacrifice for Sin

Obedient Faith

Obedient Faith

Obedient Faith


CHRIST

The Gospel

PROMISE

TO ABRAM:

SAVIOR

Gen. 12:3

LAW OF MOSES

Sin

Curse

Animal Sacrifice

Perfect Sacrifice for Sin

Obedient Faith

Obedient Faith

Obedient Faith


The two covenants5
“The Two Covenants”

D. Vv. 15-18 Confirmed Covenant of God Promised the Savior, Men Can’t Change It

15 Brethren, I speak after the manner of men; Though it be but a man's covenant, yet if it be confirmed, no man disannulleth, or addeth thereto.

16 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ.

17 And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God in Christ, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect.

18 For if the inheritance be of the law, it is no more of promise: but God gave it to Abraham by promise.


PROMISE TO ABRAM:

SAVIOR

Gen. 12:3

LAW OF MOSES

Sin

Curse

Animal Sacrifice

CHRIST

The Gospel

Perfect Sacrifice for Sin

Obedient Faith

Obedient Faith

Obedient Faith


The two covenants6
“The Two Covenants”

E. Vv. 19-25 Why Law of Moses: Make Jews Conscious of Sin Til Savior Came

19 Wherefore then serveth the law? It was added because of transgressions, till the seed should come to whom the promise was made; and it was ordained by angels in the hand of a mediator.

20 Now a mediator is not a mediator of one, but God is one.

21 Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid: for if there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law.

22 But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe.


LAW OF MOSES

Sin

Curse

Animal Sacrifice

PROMISE TO ABRAM:

SAVIOR

Gen. 12:3

CHRIST

The Gospel

Perfect Sacrifice for Sin

Obedient Faith

Obedient Faith

Obedient Faith


The two covenants7
“The Two Covenants”

23 But before faith came, we were kept under the law, shut up unto the faith which should afterwards be revealed.

24 Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ, that we might be justified by faith.

25 But after that faith is come, we are no longer under a schoolmaster.


LAW OF MOSES

School:

Sin

Curse

Animal Sacrifice

PROMISE TO ABRAM:

SAVIOR

Gen. 12:3

CHRIST

The Gospel

Perfect Sacrifice for Sin

Obedient Faith

Obedient Faith

Obedient Faith


The two covenants8
“The Two Covenants”

F. Vv. 26-29 Saved by Obedient Faith, Heirs of Promise to Abraham

26 For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.

27 For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.

28 There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus.

29 And if ye be Christ's, then are ye Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise.


CHRIST

The Gospel

PROMISE TO ABRAM:

SAVIOR

Gen. 12:3

LAW OF MOSES

Sin

Curse

Animal Sacrifice

Perfect Sacrifice for Sin

Obedient Faith

Obedient Faith

Obedient Faith


The two covenants9
“The Two Covenants”

II. Col. 2:14-17 Law of Moses Nailed to Cross

14 Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us, which was contrary to us, and took it out of the way, nailing it to his cross;

15 And having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a shew of them openly, triumphing over them in it.

16 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the sabbath days:

17 Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.


LAW OF MOSES

Shadow:

Sin

Curse

Animal Sacrifice

PROMISE TO ABRAM:

SAVIOR

Gen. 12:3

CHRIST

The Gospel

Perfect Sacrifice for Sin

Obedient Faith

Obedient Faith

Obedient Faith


The two covenants10
“The Two Covenants”

III. Heb. 10:1-14 Covenant of Christ Perfect, Final

A. Vv. 1-4 Law of Moses: No Perfect Sacrifice

1 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect.

2 For then would they not have ceased to be offered? because that the worshippers once purged should have had no more conscience of sins.

3 But in those sacrifices there is a remembrance again made of sins every year.

4 For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins.


The two covenants11
“The Two Covenants”

B. Vv. 5-9 Christ: Perfect Sacrifice, End Moses’ Law

5 Wherefore when he cometh into the world, he saith, Sacrifice and offering thou wouldest not, but a body hast thou prepared me: 6 In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin thou hast had no pleasure.

7 Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of me,) to do thy will, O God.

8 Above when he said, Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and offering for sin thou wouldest not, neither hadst pleasure therein; which are offered by the law;

9 Then said he, Lo, I come to do thy will, O God. He taketh away the first, that he may establish the second.


The two covenants12
“The Two Covenants”

C. Vv. 10-14 One Sacrifice of Christ: Perfect, Final!

10 By the which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.

11 And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins:

12 But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God;

13 From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool.

14 For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.


LAW OF MOSES

Shadow:

Sin

Curse

Animal Sacrifice

PROMISE TO ABRAM:

SAVIOR

Gen. 12:3

CHRIST

The Gospel

Perfect Sacrifice for Sin

Obedient Faith

Obedient Faith

Obedient Faith


The two covenants13
“The Two Covenants”

IV. Application Today

A. Many Bind Law of Moses Today

B. Examples from Law of Moses:

  • Animal Sacrifices

  • Dietary Laws

  • Feast Days

  • Special Priesthood

  • Special Robes

  • Polygamy

  • Infant Membership

  • Burn Incense

  • Instrumental Music

  • Temple in Jerusalem

  • Sabbath

  • Tithe

  • Capital Punishment???


The two covenants14
“The Two Covenants”

C. Jews in Mosaic Age: Obedient Faith in Promise

D. Gal. 5:1-4 Savior Has Come: Do Not Go Back!

1 Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage.

2 Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if ye be circumcised, Christ shall profit you nothing.

3 For I testify again to every man that is circumcised, that he is a debtor to do the whole law.

4 Christ is become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you are justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace.


Invitation to obey gospel of christ
Invitation to Obey Gospel of Christ

Gal. 3:26-27

26 For ye are all the children of God by faith in Christ Jesus.

27 For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.


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