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Today’s Topics. Whistleblowing Meaningful Work. Whistleblowing. Recall the case of General Dynamics and the LTV brake (p. 129) Should the engineer involved have blown the whistle? Did he? . What, exactly, is whistleblowing?.

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Today’s Topics

Whistleblowing

Meaningful Work


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Whistleblowing

  • Recall the case of General Dynamics and the LTV brake (p. 129)

  • Should the engineer involved have blown the whistle?

  • Did he?


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What, exactly, is whistleblowing?

  • The action of an employee or former employee who makes public information about a product or practice that threatens to produce harm to the public or to individuals.

  • An attempt by an employee or former employee to disclose (perceived) wrongdoing by the organization.


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A Few Distinctions:

  • Internal External

  • Personal Impersonal

  • Current Alumni

  • Open Anonymous


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ALL Whistleblowing is Morally Problematic Because:

  • It is contrary to the duties of loyalty and trust

  • It violates the social norm against ‘ratting’

  • It subject the whistleblower to serious risks



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Conditions that Justify Blowing the Whistle:

  • The threatened harm must be serious.

  • The threat has been reported internally.

  • Internal reporting has produced no changes.


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Conditions that REQUIRE Blowing the Whistle:

  • Documented evidence that the product or practice poses a serious, likely danger to the public

  • There is a good reason to believe that ‘going public’ will result in changes in the organization.


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James Challenges DeGeorge’s Criteria as Too Strict:

  • Would Ford engineers, using DeGeorge’s criteria, have been required to blow the whistle on the Pinto? Maybe not.

  • Don’t we have a duty to warn people of risks, even though they may ignore our warnings?

  • Yes, this is simply supplying them with relevant information.


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The presumption should be in favor of disclosing relevant information, with some constraints and restrictions.


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What Is the Meaning of Work? information, with some constraints and restrictions.

  • Old testament--Work as punishment.

  • St. Paul--Work is a necessary evil.

  • Calvin & Reformation--Work defines character. Work is a calling.

  • Today--It is a curse to be unable to work.


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Work and Self Definition and Self Identification information, with some constraints and restrictions.


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Work and Self Definition and Self Identification information, with some constraints and restrictions.

  • Sisyphus


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Work and Self Definition and Self Identification information, with some constraints and restrictions.

  • The Labor Theory of Value

  • The Evil of Non-Productive Work

  • “Real Work” versus Knowledge Work


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Alienated Labor and the Unhappy Worker information, with some constraints and restrictions.

  • Labor/Management relations, the need for unions

  • Alternative models


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Work As a Good information, with some constraints and restrictions.

  • Extrinsic (Instrumental) goods

  • Intrinsic goods


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Work, Time and Leisure information, with some constraints and restrictions.

  • Modern work and poorly spent time (meetings)

  • “Doing your job” and “wasting time”

  • Work time, wasted time, leisure time

    • We need to study leisure and learn how to relax


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Management Responses to the Need for Meaningful Work information, with some constraints and restrictions.

  • Our Workers Are Our Most Valuable Resource

  • Modern Workers Want Interesting, Challenging, Rewarding Work


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TQM, QWL, Quality Circles, CQI, ISO 9000 Are All Responses to the Problem of Making Work Meaningful


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TQM to the Problem of Making Work Meaningful

  • Gives workers a voice in the company

  • Extends growth and participation in the company

  • Lets the people who know the job manage the job


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Is TQM Really Beneficial to the Problem of Making Work Meaningful


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Divisiveness Results from TQM Strategies to the Problem of Making Work Meaningful

  • Plants within a company are pitted against one another

  • Workers within a plant pitted against one another

  • QWL is a preferred tool of union busters

  • QWL is disguised trickle down


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Is “Meaningful Work” a Myth? to the Problem of Making Work Meaningful

  • Do workers desire “meaningful work?

  • Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs--Is Self-Actualization Everyone’s Goal?


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Most Workers Like Their Jobs to the Problem of Making Work Meaningful

  • “More interesting,” “more challenging,” and “less boring” are not the things they would change

  • 85% DO NOT identify with their work


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Meaningful Work Satisfies the Needs of a Narrow Cross Section of Workers--Members of the Symbolic Analytic Class


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