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1. Theoretical Framework Research basis
3. Good Theory Advances knowledge in a discipline, guides, research, enlightens the discipline, helps the discipline mature and gain validation
Enables us to rise above the seemingly random confusion of everyday life to see patterns and to understand principles on which to base purposeful, productive action
Provides an important context
4. Theory vs. Practice We cannot do without theory. It will always defeat practice in the end for a quite simple reason. Practice is static. It does well what it knows. It has, however, no principle for dealing with what it doesnt know Practice is not well adapted for rapid adjustments to a changing environment. Theory is light footed, it can adapt itself to changed circumstances, think out fresh
5. Out fresh combinations and possibilities, peer into the future. Theory provides a clear framework, administrative practice reduces to a series of meaningless acts, without purpose of direction.
Source: Charles H. Granger, Harvard Business Review 42 (May-June 1964), p. 64.
6. Theory Provides patterns for the interpretation of data
Links one study to another
Supplies frameworks within which concepts and variables acquire special significance
Allows us to interpret the larger meaning of our findings for ourselves and others
Source: The elements of social scientific thinking, p. 40
7. Examples Information needs
RUSA, IL, Accreditation
See Measuring your librarys value, Donald S. Elliott et al (ALA, 2007)
8. Theoretical Framework Dalbello, M. (2009). Cultural dimensions of digital library development: Part II the cultural innovations of five European national libraries. Library Quarterly, 79(1).
Culture = National Culture + Organizational Culture + Professional Culture + Heterogeneous Tool Kit Culture
9. Logical Structure Who, what, when, where, how
10. Logical Structure Explicitly addresses all the possible variables within a study
Identifies all of the important components
Is a menu of choices--no decisions are represented
The decisions = objectives
11. Logical Structure (Components) Addresses the questions of
What (problem statement)
12. Logical Structure Not always directly addressed within the published study, but must be addressed by the research during the planning stages.
Often possible to represent the logical structure through a diagram or model
13. What Identifies the problem under study
May help to brainstorm for contributing factors, causes and effects
May have to operationalize terms= i.e. success, efficiency, effectiveness, etc.
14. Fishbone Diagram Dr. Kaoru Ishikawa
15. Who The group under study
Identifies the population
Identifies the sample within the population
May have to justify choices
16. When The time frame of the study
Correcting for lapses
17. Where Identify the environment
18. How Methodologies
How will data be collected
What is appropriate?
19. User/Use Study Use
21. E-book Use
22. Objectives Indicate what was selected from the menu or logical structure
23. Components of Objectives To ____verb Object
24. Basic: to conceptualize
Applied: to test
Action: to describe
25. Objectives To describe
To relate: compare or contrast (relating applies to basic, applied, and action research)
26. Objectives To identify the attributes (requirements, responsibilities, qualifications, and salaries/benefits) of music librarians
To determine the extent to which their responsibilities relate solely to music librarianship
To compare the attributes listed most frequently in job advertisements with those attributes leading to the actual hiring of individual
To compare the list of attributes identified in job advertisements by: geographical area, highest degree offered by the institution, institutional control (private vs. public)
27. Evaluation Questions How much?
How responsive? How well?
Accountability and Effectiveness = How well?