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Theoretical Framework






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Theoretical Framework. Research basis. Theoretical Framework. What is the central concept(s) integral to the study? (look within and outside LIS) Connecting the study to theory: basic research. Good Theory.
Theoretical Framework

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Slide 1

Theoretical Framework

Research basis

Slide 2

Theoretical Framework

  • What is the central concept(s) integral to the study? (look within and outside LIS)

  • Connecting the study to theory: basic research

Slide 3

Good Theory

  • Advances knowledge in a discipline, guides, research, enlightens the discipline, helps the discipline mature and gain validation

  • Enables us to rise above the seemingly random confusion of everyday life to see patterns and to understand principles on which to base purposeful, productive action

  • Provides an important context

Slide 4

Theory vs. Practice

  • We cannot do without theory. It will always defeat practice in the end for a quite simple reason. Practice is static. It does well what it knows. It has, however, no principle for dealing with what it doesn’t know … Practice is not well adapted for rapid adjustments to a changing environment. Theory is light footed, it can adapt itself to changed circumstances, think out fresh

Slide 5

  • Out fresh combinations and possibilities, peer into the future. Theory provides a clear framework, administrative practice reduces to a series of meaningless acts, without purpose of direction.

    • Source: Charles H. Granger, Harvard Business Review 42 (May-June 1964), p. 64.

Slide 6

Theory

  • Provides patterns for the interpretation of data

  • Links one study to another

  • Supplies frameworks within which concepts and variables acquire special significance

  • Allows us to interpret the larger meaning of our findings for ourselves and others

    • Source: The elements of social scientific thinking, p. 40

Slide 7

Information needs

information-seeking behavior

Effectiveness

Teams/small groups

Success

Reference Transactions

Standards

RUSA, IL, Accreditation

Expectations

service quality

Satisfaction

Value

See Measuring your library’s value, Donald S. Elliott et al (ALA, 2007)

Examples

Slide 8

Theoretical Framework

Dalbello, M. (2009). Cultural dimensions of digital library development: Part II the cultural innovations of five European national libraries. Library Quarterly, 79(1).

Culture = National Culture + Organizational Culture + Professional Culture + Heterogeneous Tool Kit Culture

Slide 9

Logical Structure

Who, what, when, where, how…

Slide 10

Logical Structure

  • Explicitly addresses all the possible variables within a study

  • Identifies all of the important components

  • Is a menu of choices--no decisions are represented

  • The decisions = objectives

Slide 11

Logical Structure (Components)

  • Addresses the questions of

  • What (problem statement)

  • Who

  • Where

  • When

  • How (methods)

Slide 12

Logical Structure

  • Not always directly addressed within the published study, but must be addressed by the research during the planning stages.

  • Often possible to represent the logical structure through a diagram or model

Slide 13

What

  • Identifies the problem under study

  • May help to brainstorm for contributing factors, causes and effects

  • May have to operationalize terms= i.e. success, efficiency, effectiveness, etc.

  • Some methods:

    • Flow Chart

    • Five Why’s

    • Fishbone Diagram

Slide 14

Fishbone DiagramDr. Kaoru Ishikawa

Materials

People

Policies

Problem Statement

Process

Technology

Slide 15

Who

  • The group under study

  • Identifies the population

  • Identifies the sample within the population

  • May have to justify choices

Slide 16

When

  • The time frame of the study

    • Data collection

    • Literature review

    • Correcting for lapses

  • Sets deadlines

  • Creates context

Slide 17

Where

  • Identify the environment

  • Sets parameters

Slide 18

How

  • Methodologies

  • How will data be collected

  • What is appropriate?

Slide 19

User/Use Study

  • Use

  • Students

  • Simmons College

  • When

  • How

Slide 20

Use/Nonuse Study

Where: one to many places

How

When: 1-many times

Library

Use NonUse

Students

Add Variables

Slide 21

E-book Use

Where

When

How

User (Search) Behavior

Undergraduates

variables

variables

Slide 22

Objectives

Indicate what was selected from the “menu” or logical structure

Slide 23

To ____verb

Object

Components of Objectives

Slide 24

  • Basic: to conceptualize

  • Applied: to test

  • Action: to describe

Slide 25

To “describe”

To “relate:” “compare” or “contrast” (relating applies to basic, applied, and action research)

Objectives

identify

define

distinguish

determine

Depict

etc.

Slide 26

Objectives

  • To identify the attributes (requirements, responsibilities, qualifications, and salaries/benefits) of music librarians

  • To determine the extent to which their responsibilities relate solely to music librarianship

  • To compare the attributes listed most frequently in job advertisements with those attributes leading to the actual hiring of individual

  • To compare the list of attributes identified in job advertisements by: geographical area, highest degree offered by the institution, institutional control (private vs. public)

Slide 27

How much?

How many?

How economical?

How prompt?

How accurate?

How responsive?

How well?

How valuable?

How reliable?

How courteous?

How satisfied?

---------------------------

Accountability and Effectiveness = How well?

Evaluation Questions

Slide 28

Others, as institution itself

Customers

Library

Slide 29

Others, as institution itself

Customers

Library

Examples: How much? Howmany? How well?

How satisfied?


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