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The USA. Concepts . Ideology Democracy Capitalism Rights & Responsibilities Participation Representation. All known and understood in an AMERICAN context. The American Dream. The USA is a democratic country. Democracy. Government Of the people By the people For the people .

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Presentation Transcript

Concepts

Ideology

Democracy

Capitalism

Rights & Responsibilities

Participation

Representation

All known and understood in an AMERICAN context



The USA is a democratic country

Democracy

Government

Of the people

By the people

For the people

Underpins American rights and freedoms


The USA is a capitalist country

Capitalism

An ideology which says how to organise the economy

People are free to buy and invest in businesses

People are encouraged to

Work hard

Make profits

Become wealthy

Improving their standard of living

Achieving the American Dream


The rights of Americans are protected by the Constitution

Rights & Freedoms

Bill of Rights

Right to vote

Right to stand for election

Freedom of religion

Freedom of speech

Right to protest

Right to a fair trial


Rights & Responsibilities

Examples?

Individuals in USA

Interest groups in USA

Rights bring Responsibilities


Rights & Responsibilities in the USA

Democratic rights

Free speech

Fair trial

Vote for representatives

Carry a gun

You must show your understanding

By using American examples

Vote at Federal, State and local level

Vote for President and Members of Congress – eg Senators

For State Governor and State Congress

Vote for Mayor and local officials – dog catcher

Rights Protected in the Constitution

Bill of Rights

Rights bring corresponding responsibilities

Rights restricted under new anti terrorism laws

held without trial

telephone tapping / e mail surveillance

stop and search eg at airports


Equality?

Do all Americans have the same chances in life?

Do all Americans have the same opportunities to achieve the American Dream?

  • The American Dream

  • Encouraged people to migrate – push / pull factors

  • Ethnic mix of population

  • Not all equal – some groups are more successful than others


The American Dream

Pull Factors

+

Push Factors

Immigration

The

American

People

Melting Pot

Salad Bowl

Mosaic

Minorities &

Inequalities


The American Reality

Social inequality – housing, health, education, crime

Economic Inequality – income, employment, poverty

Crime – particular problem for Black minority in ghetto areas



Low standard of living - poverty

Unemployment

Poor health

Poor education

Crime

Poor housing



Poverty

An American Reality

Unemployment

Discrimination

Why poverty?

Single parent families

Poor education

Low pay

Welfare cutbacks


The American Reality

Social and Economic Inequality

All Americans are not equal when it comes to achieving the American Dream.

For members of some ethnic minorities, in particular the Black Americans, the reality is social and economic inequality.


Describe how some more successful than others:

Show differences in housing, education, health and crime for

White Americans

Black Americans

Hispanic or Latino Americans

Asian Americans

High quality, low density suburbs; large houses, gardens, pool.

Gated communities – self sufficient communities behind security fences

Af & Hispanic more likely to live in inner city ghetto areas, poor run down housing; Poor health – higher mortality for African and Hispanic Americans than for Asian and White also less likely to have health insurance; Poorly resourced schools and higher drop out rates; crime


To explain inequalities we can look at the links between social and economic factors

Economic Inequality

Social Inequality


or

Unemployment

Low paid work

Lack of qualifications

Poverty

A Vicious Circle

Low cost housing areas

Drugs and crime

Limited educational resources


Social Inequalities

1 Health

Americans must pay for health care

Poorer Americans are less able to afford health care

Black and Hispanic Americans are less likely to have health care

2 Education

Inner city schools are less well resourced than suburban schools: Poorer areas = poorer scholls

Black and Hispanic Americans have fewer qualifications than white Americans


3 Housing

Inner city ghetto housing is poor in facilities, more likely to be overcrowded and run down

Segregation – poorer ethnic minorities in inner city areas

Schools have problems getting staff and resources

Crime a major problem – especially drugs and violent crime

Outer suburbs are in contrast – larger houses with amenities

Improved schools

‘Gated’; secure


4 Crime

Inequalities in crime and justice:

Rich people can afford expensive lawyers – poor people are les likely to be well defended.

Blacks more likely to be convicted, sentenced to prison and given the death sentence than other ethnic groups

Regional inequality – some states have death sentence and use it more than others.

READ pages 32 –34

Activities 1-6 page 34


Economic Inequality

Income: Relates to employment opportunities which can be determined by education and qualifications

Employment type: Affects income; depends on education, qualifications

Unemployment Rates: Some groups more likely to be unemployed than others

Poverty: More whites in poverty than any other group BUT higher proportion of Black and Hispanics in poverty.


Whats been done about it?

Affirmative action examples

What effect?

Increasing proportion of Black middle class

But

Black and Hispanic Americans suffer most from poverty


Political

Participation

&

Representation


Joining a political party

Republican

Democrat

Voting in Local, State or Federal Elections

Participation

Write to a newspaper

Eg Washington Post

Lobby a politician

Senator

Congressman

Copy and complete the spider diagram – give AMERICAN examples!!


Federal Representatives

President

Senators

Congressmen

Representation

State Representatives

Governor

…..

Local Representatives

Even the dog catcher!

Complete with examples and names

Consider how fair is the representation of women and minorities?

Reasons for this?


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