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The USA - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The USA. Concepts . Ideology Democracy Capitalism Rights & Responsibilities Participation Representation. All known and understood in an AMERICAN context. The American Dream. The USA is a democratic country. Democracy. Government Of the people By the people For the people .

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Rights & Responsibilities



All known and understood in an AMERICAN context

The USA is a democratic country



Of the people

By the people

For the people

Underpins American rights and freedoms

The USA is a capitalist country


An ideology which says how to organise the economy

People are free to buy and invest in businesses

People are encouraged to

Work hard

Make profits

Become wealthy

Improving their standard of living

Achieving the American Dream

The rights of Americans are protected by the Constitution

Rights & Freedoms

Bill of Rights

Right to vote

Right to stand for election

Freedom of religion

Freedom of speech

Right to protest

Right to a fair trial

Rights & Responsibilities


Individuals in USA

Interest groups in USA

Rights bring Responsibilities

Rights & Responsibilities in the USA

Democratic rights

Free speech

Fair trial

Vote for representatives

Carry a gun

You must show your understanding

By using American examples

Vote at Federal, State and local level

Vote for President and Members of Congress – eg Senators

For State Governor and State Congress

Vote for Mayor and local officials – dog catcher

Rights Protected in the Constitution

Bill of Rights

Rights bring corresponding responsibilities

Rights restricted under new anti terrorism laws

held without trial

telephone tapping / e mail surveillance

stop and search eg at airports


Do all Americans have the same chances in life?

Do all Americans have the same opportunities to achieve the American Dream?

  • The American Dream

  • Encouraged people to migrate – push / pull factors

  • Ethnic mix of population

  • Not all equal – some groups are more successful than others

The American Dream

Pull Factors


Push Factors





Melting Pot

Salad Bowl


Minorities &


The American Reality

Social inequality – housing, health, education, crime

Economic Inequality – income, employment, poverty

Crime – particular problem for Black minority in ghetto areas

Low standard of living - poverty


Poor health

Poor education


Poor housing


An American Reality



Why poverty?

Single parent families

Poor education

Low pay

Welfare cutbacks

The American Reality

Social and Economic Inequality

All Americans are not equal when it comes to achieving the American Dream.

For members of some ethnic minorities, in particular the Black Americans, the reality is social and economic inequality.

Describe how some more successful than others:

Show differences in housing, education, health and crime for

White Americans

Black Americans

Hispanic or Latino Americans

Asian Americans

High quality, low density suburbs; large houses, gardens, pool.

Gated communities – self sufficient communities behind security fences

Af & Hispanic more likely to live in inner city ghetto areas, poor run down housing; Poor health – higher mortality for African and Hispanic Americans than for Asian and White also less likely to have health insurance; Poorly resourced schools and higher drop out rates; crime

To explain inequalities we can look at the links between social and economic factors

Economic Inequality

Social Inequality



Low paid work

Lack of qualifications


A Vicious Circle

Low cost housing areas

Drugs and crime

Limited educational resources

Social Inequalities

1 Health

Americans must pay for health care

Poorer Americans are less able to afford health care

Black and Hispanic Americans are less likely to have health care

2 Education

Inner city schools are less well resourced than suburban schools: Poorer areas = poorer scholls

Black and Hispanic Americans have fewer qualifications than white Americans

3 Housing

Inner city ghetto housing is poor in facilities, more likely to be overcrowded and run down

Segregation – poorer ethnic minorities in inner city areas

Schools have problems getting staff and resources

Crime a major problem – especially drugs and violent crime

Outer suburbs are in contrast – larger houses with amenities

Improved schools

‘Gated’; secure

4 Crime

Inequalities in crime and justice:

Rich people can afford expensive lawyers – poor people are les likely to be well defended.

Blacks more likely to be convicted, sentenced to prison and given the death sentence than other ethnic groups

Regional inequality – some states have death sentence and use it more than others.

READ pages 32 –34

Activities 1-6 page 34

Economic Inequality

Income: Relates to employment opportunities which can be determined by education and qualifications

Employment type: Affects income; depends on education, qualifications

Unemployment Rates: Some groups more likely to be unemployed than others

Poverty: More whites in poverty than any other group BUT higher proportion of Black and Hispanics in poverty.

Whats been done about it?

Affirmative action examples

What effect?

Increasing proportion of Black middle class


Black and Hispanic Americans suffer most from poverty





Joining a political party



Voting in Local, State or Federal Elections


Write to a newspaper

Eg Washington Post

Lobby a politician



Copy and complete the spider diagram – give AMERICAN examples!!

Federal Representatives





State Representatives



Local Representatives

Even the dog catcher!

Complete with examples and names

Consider how fair is the representation of women and minorities?

Reasons for this?